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How Parliament works

Find out what happens at Parliament, how your MP represents you and how Parliament checks up on the work of Government.

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Committees

Explanation of the main types of committees: Select, Joint and General.

Elections and voting

Find out how Members of Parliament are elected to the House of Commons, how the Parliamentary constituency system works and what happens at the dissolution of Parliament.

Changes due to COVID-19

Find out about the temporary changes to proceedings in the Commons and Lords during the pandemic.

Parliament and the Government

What is the difference between Parliament and the Government?

Parliament and the Government are different. Find out about their different roles and responsibilities.

Related information

How does a Bill become Law?

How does a Bill become an Act? Our guide shows a Bill's journey through Parliament - find out what happens at each stage

For schools

Resources for 7-18 year olds explaining how Parliament works.

Living Heritage

Learn about the history of Parliament's role

Parliament and women

News, events and research from the UK Parliament on women’s rights and representation – yesterday and today

Glossary

An alphaebetical list of parliamentary terms with definitions.

View glossary