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The State Opening of Parliament 

The UK general election took place on Thursday 4 July 2024. The new Parliament met on Tuesday 9 July 2024 for the election of the Speaker and swearing-in of MPs and Lords. The State Opening of Parliament and The King’s Speech will take place on Wednesday 17 July 2024.

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View the 2024 general election results.

About Parliamentary papers

The term parliamentary papers can include:

  • The working papers of Parliament (such as Bills, Hansard and the daily business papers for each House).

  • Papers and reports produced by Parliament and its committees.

  • Papers presented to Parliament by outside bodies.

Papers produced by Parliament and its committees

Both Houses of Parliament publish documents that result from their work and that of their committees, such as:

  • Votes and Proceedings (Commons) and the Minute (Lords) - the formal, authoritative record of the decisions taken by each House.
  • Select Committee reports and evidence.
  • Registers of Members' financial interests.
  • Standing Orders - the rules for conducting business in both Houses.
  • Sessional Returns (Commons) and Business Statistics (Lords) - which present statistics for the work of each House at the end of a session (parliamentary year).

These papers are published as House of Commons or House of Lords Papers.

Papers presented to Parliament

Many different types of papers are presented to Parliament by bodies outside Parliament - some are then published under Parliament's authority.

Most are presented because the bodies are required to do so either by law or by a decision of Parliament. The following are some of the categories of papers that must be presented to Parliament:

  • Annual reports of government departments or other bodies and agencies.
  • Periodic reports of certain activities or programmes (eg, Reports of Her Majesty's Inspector of Prisons).
  • Reports by the National Audit Office.
  • Estimates, accounts and other government financial papers such as the Budget.
  • Reports of inquiries into particular events (eg, the Hutton Inquiry, the Home Office report on the 7/7 London bombings).

Many, but not all, of these papers are published as 'House of Commons Papers' or 'House of Lords Papers'.

Other papers are presented because the government has decided - or previously committed - to provide the information to Parliament. These papers are usually called 'Command Papers'.

Numbering

House of Commons Papers and House of Lords Papers have separate numbering sequences, starting at one in every session. Therefore, papers are referred to in the format: 'HC 507 2010-12' or 'HL Paper 17 2016-17'. Numbers are allocated to HC papers by the Journal Office and to HL papers by the Table Office.

Access to parliamentary papers

Papers directly related to the work of Parliament, including committee publications, standing orders, sessional returns, registers of interests, and some financial publications, are available through the Publications and Records area of the Parliament website.

The Official Documents website makes available the full texts of House of Commons Papers which originate in government departments.

Related Information

Delegated legislation

Read about delegated legislation and statutory instruments - legislation that can make detailed changes to the law under powers from an existing Act of Parliament.

 

Laying Parliamentary Papers

A guidance note aimed at staff in organisations required to lay papers before Parliament, but will also be of use to staff in government departments responsible for laying papers

 

Other parliamentary papers

Information on government publications (Command papers) and Hansard.

 

Related internet links

Parliament is not responsible for the content of external websites.