How are laws made?

One of Parliament's main roles is debating and passing laws.

Why are new laws needed?

Find out why new laws are made and how they are developed.

What is a draft bill?

Draft Bills are Bills issued for consultation before being formally introduced to Parliament

What is a bill?

A Bill is a proposal for a new law, or a proposal to change an existing law that is presented for debate before Parliament.

How does a bill become a law?

How does a Bill become an Act? Find out the stages a Bill goes through before it becomes law.

What is an Act of Parliament?

An Act of Parliament creates a new law or changes an existing law.

What is Secondary Legislation?

Secondary legislation is used to make changes to law if the existing Act of Parliament (law) allows it. It does this mainly through statutory instruments.

The Parliament Acts

Although rarely used, the Parliament Acts provide a way of solving disagreement between the Commons and the Lords.

Find out more

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How can I get involved?

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Related information

House of Commons Chamber Film - Making Laws

This chapter looks at the important role of the House of Commons in agreeing the laws that affect everyone in the UK

What laws are currently being discussed in Parliament?

For schools

Lawmaking explained, for 11-18 year olds:

Living Heritage

Investigate the relationship between Parliament and the citizen and how dialogue, representation and protest have brought about progressive legislation and changes in society