Grand Committees give MPs the opportunity to debate issues affecting their region. The Committees function in a similar way to the Commons Chamber, with ministerial statements and an opportunity to question the Ministers. Every MP representing a constituency in the region is entitled to attend Grand Committee meetings.
Welsh Grand Committee
The Welsh Grand Committee consists of the 40 Welsh MPs, and currently up to 5 others. It debates issues relevant to Wales, such as the draft Wales Bill which was debated in the previous Parliament.
Scottish Grand Committee
The Scottish Grand Committee includes all 59 MPs representing Scottish constituencies. It may meet anywhere in Scotland as well as Westminster. Traditionally it considered the principles of Scottish Bills which were referred to it at second reading. However, UK Parliament Bills relating only to Scotland are rare since the establishment of the Scottish Parliament. It also takes questions and statements and debates other matters concerning Scotland. However, there have been no meetings of the Committee in the last few years.
Northern Ireland Grand Committee
The Northern Ireland Grand Committee includes each of the 18 MPs in Northern Ireland, together with up to 25 other MPs. It debates matters relating specifically to Northern Ireland.
Grand Committees: House of Lords
Most Bills which are not committed to a Committee of the Whole House in the Lords are instead sent to a Grand Committee. The proceedings are identical to those in a Committee of the Whole House except that voting is not allowed. This means that all decisions must be made unanimously. Any Member of the House of Lords may attend a Grand Committee.
Regional Grand Committees
Regional Grand Committees were established in November 2008 but Standing Orders that set up these committees expired in April 2010. Regions of the UK that were covered by a Regional Grand Committee included:
- East Midlands
- East of England
- North East
- North West
- South East
- South West
- West Midlands
- Yorkshire and the Humber