The Lord Chancellor is a senior figure in the British government appointed by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister.The position ranks second in the Great Offices of State. His duties include acting as the keeper of the Great Seal of the Realm.
The Lord Chancellor is a Cabinet minister and, by law, responsible for the efficient functioning and independence of the courts. He was formally the chief officer of the House of Lords, and the head of the judiciary in England and Wales, until the Constitutional Reform Act in 2005 assigned these roles to the Lord Speaker and the Lord Chief Justice.
Images of Lord Chancellors throughout history within the collection are shown here.