State Opening

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The pomp and ceremony of the State Opening of Parliament has provided a rich source of subjects for artists. The Monarch’s State Coach is escorted by the Household Cavalry arriving at the Palace of Westminster, The Royal party then process through the state apartments into the House of Lords Debating Chamber, and the Monarch sits in the throne. The earliest views of the Monarch in Parliament in the Collection are engravings dating from the late 16th Century onwards. During the 19th Century the State Opening of Parliament was recorded a number of times; paintings of 1837 and 1845 in the Collection depict Queen Victoria enthroned in the Painted Chamber, the temporary meeting place of the House of Lords after the fire of 1834.