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The page will automatically redirect to Pay Research Briefings produced by the Commons Library, Lords Library and POST

Content published before December 2016

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on pay. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

27.10.2016The gender pay gap
The gender pay gap refers to the difference between male and female hourly earnings. This note looks at the gender pay gap among different groups, including variation in the pay gap by age, region, occupation and industry sector.
21.10.2016Average Earnings: Key Economic Indicators
Average Earnings: Regularly updated data on average weekly earnings, including breakdowns by public and private sectors.
21.10.2016The National Minimum Wage: rates and enforcement
A briefing paper on National Minimum Wage rates and enforcement; part of a wider series on the National Minimum Wage.
13.10.2016National Minimum Wage Statistics
The National Minimum Wage (NMW) applies to most workers and sets minimum hourly rates of pay. The rates are provided in regulations made by the Secretary for State with parliamentary approval, based on the recommendations of the Low Pay Commission (LPC).
25.07.2016Impacts of immigration on population and the economy
This note looks at the impacts of immigration on different aspects of the economy and society, including population growth, employment, earnings, public services and the public finances.
14.04.2016Women and the economy
This note looks at women's participation in the UK labour market and in business.
24.03.2016Economic impacts of the National Living Wage: in brief
The Government announced a new National Living Wage at the 2015 Summer Budget, to be introduced in April 2016. This note gives a brief overview of the possible impact, including numbers of employees affected.
21.12.2015The National Minimum Wage: volunteers and interns
National Minimum Wage: volunteers and interns
10.11.2015Local government transparency in England
This note provides details of the Code of Recommended Practice on local authority data transparency; the Code of Recommended Practice on Local Authority Publicity; filming and social media use in council meetings; and pay policy statements.
10.07.2015Summer Budget 2015: A summary
This note presents a summary of the Summer Budget 2015. This note provides an overview of the main Budget measures (see below), along with analysis of the forecasts, changes to the fiscal rules, changes to welfare, the National Living Wage, and public spending.

Lords Library Notes

16.07.2015Debate on the Budget Statement
This Library Note provides background information on the Budget Statement which was delivered by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, on 8 July 2015. The Note provides a brief overview of some of the key Budget measures, before outlining the immediate reaction to the statement as expressed by members of the House of Commons and by a selection of organisations and commentators. It has been written to support the debate in the House of Lords on this subject scheduled to take place on 21 July 2015.
15.08.2014The Impact of Personal Indebtedness in United Kingdom Households, Especially on Children
This Library Note was prepared for a debate in the House of Lords on the impact of personal indebtedness in UK households, especially on children, which was scheduled to take place on 17 July 2014, but was postponed to a future date.
03.03.2014Debate on 6 March: The Contribution of Women to the Economy of the UK, to Mark International Women's Day
This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on the contribution of women to the economy of the UK, to mark International Women's Day.
08.03.2010Debate on 11th March: The national minimum wage and poverty. LLN 2010/008
Debate on 11th March: The national minimum wage and poverty. This Library Note aims to provide background reading for the debate to be held on 11th March: 'The impact of the National Minimum Wage on household and individual poverty' This Note examines the history and development of the National Minimum Wage since its introduction in 1999, and its effect on earnings, the economy, and groups within society. The Note then examines levels and trends in poverty since the election of the Labour Government and the subsequent introduction of the National Minimum Wage.
21.12.2007Employment Bill [HL] (HL Bill 13, 2007-08). LLN 2007/010
Employment Bill. House of Lords Library Note 2007/010


30.03.2015Measuring Living Standards
This POSTnote outlines different approaches to setting and measuring thresholds and their strengths and limitations. It also summarises research on recent trends in living standards and the key factors that influence them.

Select Committee Reports

18.03.2010Top Pay in the Public Sector: Further Report: incorporating the Government Response to the Committee's...
Government response. Public Administration Select Committee; Cabinet Office report [Commons]
01.06.2009NHS pay modernisation in England: agenda for change.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]

Early Day Motions

That this House supports full trade union rights for the Prison Officers' Association (POA); notes that the International Labour Organisation criticised the previous administration ...
That this House recognises the vital work of those in the cleaning profession; supports the call from Mr Guy Stallard, Director of Facilities at KPMG and a member of the Living Wage ...
08.12.2011REGIONAL PAY
That this House disagrees with the principles of regional pay outlined by the Chancellor in his Autumn Statement to bring public sector pay in line with private sector pay; notes that ...
That this House notes the Government's announcements on limiting Armed Forces' pay; is concerned about the impact this will have on the living standards and morale of the UK's forces ...
That this House does not believe Ministers who are forced out of their positions by incompetence or breach of the Ministerial Code should be awarded a taxpayer funded pay-off; and calls ...


  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses