Waste management

All Commons Briefing Papers
26 Documents
24.10.2016Household recycling in the UK
This Commons Library Briefing Paper discusses UK trends in recycling and the applicable legislation at both EU and UK level. It provides an overview of the EU circular economy proposals and explains recycling policy across the UK. It also includes information on common barriers to recycling and local authority approaches to overcoming these barriers. A section on the possible impact of Brexit is also included.
30.08.2016Food Waste: key facts, policy and trends in the UK
A House of Commons Library Briefing including some key food waste facts and trends; an explanation of the impacts of food waste; food waste policy and legislation; information on the UK voluntary initiatives in place to tackle food waste; and a summary of proposals for change.
26.08.2016Brexit: impact across policy areas
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the current situation in a range of policy areas and considers what impact Brexit might have. This will depend, among other things, on the Brexit negotiations, whether the UK stays in the European Economic Area and how the Government fills any policy gaps left by withdrawal.
13.07.2016Sources of Statistics: Energy
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on energy in the UK.
09.05.2016Fly-tipping - the illegal dumping of waste
This Commons Library briefing paper gives a general overview of the extent of the problem of fly-tipping and the powers and responsibilities of the Environment Agency, local authorities and landowners to deal with it. In 2013/14 there was a significant increase in reported cases of fly-tipping across England and incidents increased again in 2014/15.
12.02.2016Litter: key trends, policy and legislation in England
A House of Commons Library Briefing Paper examining trends in litter and the policy and legislation in place to address litter problems in England.
24.07.2015The 5p Plastic Bag Charge
This Commons Library briefing paper provides information on the single use carrier bag charge in each part of the UK, examines the legal basis for the charge, the exemptions and what will be done with the proceeds of the charge. Impacts of the charge on carrier bag use and criticisms of the charge are also covered.
18.12.2014Septic tanks: new regulations
This note explains the legislation relating to septic tanks in England.
05.02.2013Bin collection - Alternate weekly collection
Waste collection can be a contentious issue, particularly when local authorities decide to move away from weekly bin collection to alternate weekly collection (AWC). This note describes the reasons why authorities have chosen to do this, and related issues including the recently announced Weekly Collections Support Scheme.
06.11.2012Scrap Metal Dealers Bill: Committee Stage Report
It is thought that scrap metal dealers are the main outlet for stolen metal and that the existing regulatory regime for dealers fails to discourage the trade in stolen metal. Richard Ottaway's Private Member's Bill, The Scrap Metal Dealers Bill 2012, will introduce a more robust licensing regime to disrupt the trade in stolen metal. The Bill has cross party support. Its Report Stage is due on 9 November 2012.
11.07.2012Metal theft
This note looks at the increasingly high-profile problem of metal theft, which the Association of Chief Police Officers has estimated costs the UK economy approximately 770 million per year. There have been calls to reform the Scrap Metal Dealers Act 1964 to tighten up controls on scrap metal dealers. In January 2012 the Government announced that it would be amending the 1964 Act to introduce a ban on cash payments for scrap metal and unlimited fines for relevant offences under the Act. These changes are set out in sections 145 to 147 of the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012. In June 2012 Richard Ottaway introduced a Private Member's Bill that proposes to repeal the 1964 Act altogether and replace it with a new regulatory regime. The Bill has Government support.
10.07.2012Scrap Metal Dealers Bill
The Scrap Metal Dealers Bill seeks to introduce a more robust regulatory regime for scrap metal dealers to reduce the opportunities for metal thieves to sell stolen material.
13.07.2011Energy from waste and incineration
This note looks at the role of energy from waste and incineration.
01.07.2010Marine litter: 'continents' of rubbish
A large amount of plastic is accumulating in large areas of the sea. These areas have been dubbed 'great garbage patches' or 'plastic continents'. The long term environmental impacts of marine plastic pollution are unknown. There are concerns that it may lead to chemical contaminants entering the food chain, although more research is required.
15.12.2009Landfill tax : recent developments
This note discusses recent developments concerning the landfill tax.
06.10.2009Landfill communities fund
Landfill tax is charged on waste disposed at landfill sites. Site operators may fund local community environmental projects, under a scheme allowing them to offset this investment against their tax liability, up to a specified limit. This note gives a short history of the scheme.
06.10.2009Landfill tax : introduction & early history
Landfill tax was introduced on 1 October 1996: this country's first tax with an explicit environmental purpose. This note discusses the background to the tax's introduction. Two other notes look at recent developments concerning the tax, and at the landfill tax community fund - a tax credit scheme to reduce the environmental impact of landfill sites.
30.10.2008Waste Incineration
This note provides a short overview of the issues surrounding the incineration of waste. The Library research paper Waste Incineration from 2002 provides further detail.
22.10.2008Climate Change Bill [HL]: Committee Stage Report
Climate Change Bill. (Bill 129 of 2007/08) House of Commons Library Research Paper 08/79.
06.06.2008Climate Change Bill [HL]
(Bill 97 of 2007-08)
25.04.2007Social Indicators
Social Indicators. [Includes article on Smoking in Public Places and The 2007 Census Test and a Topical Subject Page on Waste and Recycling] House of Commons Library Research Paper 07/38.
07.12.2006Greater London Authority Bill Parts 7 and 8 - Planning and Environmental Functions (Bill 11 of 2006-07)
The Greater London Authority Bill Parts 7 and 8-Planning and Environmental Functions (Bill 11 2006-07). House of Commons Library Research Paper 06/61
13.06.2005Social Indicators
Social indicators. [Includes articles on General Election 2005 and NHS waiting lists and targets in England and topical subject pages on waste and recycling, abortion and General Election 2005:summary]. House of Commons Library Research Paper 05/44.
06.05.2004Energy Bill (HL) (Bill 93 2003/04);Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (Bill 93 2003/04)
The Nuclear Decommissioning Authority: Part 2 of the Energy Bill (HL) (Bill 93 2003/04). House of Commons Library Research Paper 04/37.
13.03.2003Municipal Waste Recycling Bill (Bill 20 of 2002/03)
Municipal Waste Recycling Bill. (Bill 19 of 2002/03). House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/20.
09.05.2002Waste incineration
Waste incineration. House of Commons Library Research Paper 02/34.