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The page will automatically redirect to Schools Research Briefings produced by the Commons Library, Lords Library and POST

Content published before December 2016

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on schools. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

10.11.2016FAQs: Academies and free schools
This briefing answers FAQs about academies and free schools in England. Topics covered include: academy conversion; school places; SEN provision; academy land disposal and sale; funding and accountability.
10.11.2016Special Educational Needs: support in England
This House of Commons Library briefing sets out the system of support for children and young people in England aged 0-25 with special educational needs (SEN). The briefing provides an overview of the new system introduced in 2014, the transitional arrangements, and how the new system differs from that which preceded it. It also includes a brief history of the movement towards reform that preceded the 2014 changes, and information on the impact of the new system available to date.
10.11.2016The school curriculum and SATs in England: Reforms since 2010
This note provides an overview of the curriculum in state-funded schools in England. It also looks at national curriculum assessments - also known as SATs.
08.11.2016Constituency casework: schools in England
This House of Commons Library briefing provides an introduction and reference guide to the key schools-related topics often raised with Members by constituents.
04.11.2016School meals and nutritional standards (England)
The main recent policy developments regarding school meals, including the revised school food standards and provision of free school meals.
04.11.2016Grammar school statistics
The number of state grammar schools peaked at almost 1,300 in the mid-1960s when around one-quarter of all pupils in state secondaries attended grammars. Their number started falling soon after with the fastest period of decline was in the 1970s. The proportion of pupils in grammars fell to below 20% in the early 1970s, below 10% in the mid-1970s and has been 5% or less from the late 1970s onwards. There are currently 163 grammar schools in England with a total of 167,000 pupils.
02.11.2016Careers guidance in schools, colleges and universities (England)
This House of Commons Library briefing paper looks at the requirements on schools, colleges and universities in England to provide careers guidance, the quality of the advice provided, and also the organisations working to provide careers advice.
21.10.2016Examination results in England: Social Indicators page
Trends in examination results in England at Key Stage 2, GCSE and A level. Includes 2014 results.
12.10.2016Financial and enterprise education in schools
This note provides an outline of current arrangements relating to financial and enterprise education in schools. It covers England only.
05.10.2016University Technical Colleges
This House of Commons Library briefing discusses the origin, progress and future of University Technical Colleges - technical schools for 14-19 year olds, working alongside employers and universities in England, introduced under the Coalition Government

Lords Library Notes

21.10.2016Government Plans to Promote Social Mobility
Ahead of the debate on 27 October 2016 on the Government's plans to promote social mobility, this Library briefing provides an overview of recent Government announcements in this area and concludes with a discussion of different views on social mobility.
07.10.2016Extension of Grammar Schools and Selection in Education
This Lords Library briefing provides information further to the Government's proposals for the extension of grammar schools and selection in education.
12.05.2016Queen's Speech 2016 Day 1: Business, Culture, Education, Health and Welfare
The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen's Speech over four days between 19 and 25 May 2016. This briefing is one of four prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
15.10.2015Education and Adoption Bill (HL Bill 64 of 2015-16)
This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Education and Adoption Bill on 20 October 2015.
12.10.2015Availability and Quality of Apprenticeships, and the Spread of Apprenticeships across the Labour Market
This Library Note provides statistical information on apprenticeships, based on the most recent figures published by the Skills Funding Agency (SFA). It then focusses on four key areas of recent government policy development in relation to apprenticeships: the announcement of a government target of three million new apprenticeships by the end of March 2020; the development of new apprenticeship standards
28.11.2014Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill (HL Bill 57 of session 2014-15)
This Library Note provides background reading ahead of the Bill's second reading in the House of Lords on 2 December 2014.


17.05.2016Education in Youth Custody
Recent government policy emphasises putting education at the heart of youth custody. A review of the youth justice system is due to be published in summer 2016. This POSTnote looks at the literature on the provision and quality of education in youth custody in England and Wales. And it examines the challenges in providing education to a population with particular needs.
19.10.2015Trends in ICT
This note looks at developments in information and communication technology (ICT) and their relevance for UK policy in the next five years. It examines the capability, use and economic impact of ICT; technical barriers; and implications for cybersecurity, privacy and internet governance.
22.09.2015Trends in Compulsory Education
This POSTnote focuses on trends in UK compulsory education and outlines where trends differ between individual nations.
18.12.2013Special Educational Needs
This POSTnote summarises the nature and diversity of special eduational needs (SEN) and discusses the support and outcomes for affected children and their families.
08.03.2013STEM education for 14-19 year olds
This POSTnote reviews the current state of STEM education for 14-19 year olds in the UK, highlighting key challenges and ongoing policy reforms.
15.03.2012Impacts of Video Games
There is debate surrounding the impact of violent video games on behaviour.

Select Committee Reports

07.09.2011Practical experiments in school science lessons and science field trips.
Science and Technology Select Committee report [Commons]
22.06.2011Behaviour and discipline in schools.
Government response. Education Select Committee; Department for Education report [Commons]
07.06.2011Legislative scrutiny: Education Bill and other bills.
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]
26.01.2011Behaviour and discipline in schools.
Education Select Committee report [Commons]
19.01.2011The academies programme.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]

Early Day Motions

That this House is deeply concerned about planned changes to arrangements for the delivery of the current Nursery Milk Scheme which is likely to affect the numbers of children who drink ...
That this House believes that the Government's threats to force primary schools in Haringey to become academies are undemocratic and threaten to reverse many of the improvements made ...
That this House welcomes the links that have been created between schools in Ceredigion and Carmarthenshire with Mangochi District in Malawi; acknowledges the benefits that can be achieved ...
That this House is alarmed at plans to abolish the specific provisions on toilets in the School Premises Regulations; notes that school toilet facilities are inconsistent and often ...
That this House recognises the value of music education for children's creativity and intellectual development; notes the publication on 25 November 2011,The Importance of Music - A ...


  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses