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Content published before December 2016

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on Parliament. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

14.11.2016Brexit and the EU Court
The High Court has appealed to the Supreme Court for a decision on whether the Government can start the Brexit process by triggering Article 50 TEU using Prerogative powers. Some press reports said the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) would have the last word on this. But can the CJEU rule on matters of UK constitutional Law? Many experts believe that the question central to the case, but not ruled on by the High Court, was whether Article 50 can be withdrawn. If it can be revoked, then the argument that Article 50 notice leads inevitably to a loss of rights under the European Communities Act 1972 might not hold. This paper looks at the questions of revocability and referral to the EU Court.
08.11.2016Addresses to Members of both Houses of Parliament
Addresses to both Houses of Parliament.
02.11.2016Centenary publication about Parliament and the First World War
This publication, Duty and Democracy: Parliament and the First World War, has been produced especially for the centenary of the First World War. It examines the role of Parliament, its Members and staff during the conflict. It outlines the key legislation passed during the period that affected the strategy of the First World War and wider social changes taking place during the period. It includes detailed profiles of selected Parliamentarians and House staff who either served or influenced matters during the war.
07.10.2016UK Youth Parliament briefing 2016
06.10.2016Father of the House: House of Commons Background Paper
This House of Commons Library Briefing Paper discusses the title, role and history of the Father of the House - the senior Member of the House, who has the longest unbroken service in the Commons.
03.10.2016Youngest Members of Parliament since 1979
This Parliamentary Information List provides a list and further information on the youngest Members of Parliament.
03.10.2016Total Number of MPs, Peers and Staff
This Parliamentary Information List provides data on the historic numbers of MPs, Peers and Staff
28.09.2016Diversity in the UK's democratic institutions
This Commons Library Briefing Paper examines diversity in the UK's democratic institutions: the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. It shows there are differences between these institutions and also within each institution.
28.09.20162018 Boundary Review: initial proposals for Wales
This Commons Library Briefing Paper examines the initial proposals for new Westminster constituency boundaries in Wales, published as part of the 2018 Review. It looks at how these proposals affect existing constituencies, and the electorate and area of the proposed constituencies.
23.09.20162018 Boundary Review: initial proposals for England
This Commons Library Briefing Paper examines the initial proposals for new constituency boundaries in England. It looks at the extent to which proposed constituencies can be identified with existing seats, and the area and electorates of the proposed seats.

Lords Library Notes

13.09.2016Canadian Senate Reform: Recent Developments
This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of recent developments in the Canadian Senate appointments process and highlights the work of a special Canadian Senate Committee on Senate modernisation, which has taken evidence on the experience of the House of Lords from individuals including Lord Hope of Craighead, Convenor of the Crossbench Peers.
04.07.2016Leaving the EU: Parliament's Role in the Process
Following the result of the referendum held on 23 June 2016, this House of Lords Library briefing examines what Parliament's role would be in the process of withdrawing from the European Union in several key areas: invoking Article 50; overseeing the negotiation process; ratifying agreements; repealing and reviewing domestic legislation. This is an updated version of the briefing issued on 30 June 2016.
27.06.2016Historical Child Sex Abuse Investigations
A number of investigations into historical child sex abuse in the UK have been launched by the police and public institutions in recent years. This follows allegations that claims of child sex abuse made against public figures had not been properly investigated in the past. This briefing focuses on the existing guidance for conducting these investigations and provides background information on recent investigations that have taken place. It has been written in preparation for a debate that is due to take place in the House of Lords on 30 June 2016 on the case for introducing statutory guidelines relating to the investigation of cases of historical child sex abuse.
24.05.2016Private Member's Bills in the House of Lords
This Lords Library briefing provides information on private member's bills in the House of Lords.
29.03.2016House of Lords: Public Offices and Positions Held by Members
This House of Lords Library briefing presents lists of public offices and positions previously or currently held by Members of the House of Lords as at 23 March 2016.
04.03.2016Ministerial Collective Responsibility and Agreement to Differ: Recent Developments
This Lords Library briefing provides information on ministerial collective responsibility in the light of the 2016 EU referendum.


12.06.2015Trends in Political Participation
Over the last fifty years in the UK, some aspects of participation in formal politics have decreased, such as political party membership. But new forms of participation, such as online activism, have emerged, which may become increasingly important, especially for younger people. This POSTnote discusses trends in political participation, with a focus on new forms, drivers of these trends and how UK democratic institutions are responding.
01.09.2009Futures and Foresight, May 2009
This POSTnote examines the key characteristics of futures work and its use by governments and parliaments.
01.01.2009E-democracy, January 2009
This POSTnote looks at recent UK e-democracy initiatives, and at challenges faced in their design and implementation. It examines debate over the purpose of eDemocracy and where its future lies.

Select Committee Reports

13.09.2011Parliament's role in conflict decisions - government response to the Committee's eighth report.
Government response. Political and Constitutional Reform Select Committee report [Commons]
14.07.2011Select committees and public appointments.
House of Commons Liaison Committee report [Commons]
09.06.2011Cabinet Manual.
Government response. Public Administration Select Committee report [Commons]
10.05.2011Parliament's role in conflict decisions.
Political and Constitutional Reform Select Committee report [Commons]
28.04.2011Seminar on the House of Lords: outcomes Political and Constitutional Reform Select Committee seventh
Political and Constitutional Reform Select Committee report [Commons]

Early Day Motions

That this House congratulates the hon. Members and staff of the House who have successfully campaigned for the removal of the prefabricated buildings which blighted the roof of the ...
That this House calls for Government action on lobbying that would prohibit relatives and partners of Government Ministers from hawking their contacts and influence to the highest bidder ...
That this House calls for new clarity in the Ministerial Code on declarations of interest on Ministerial engagements that are classified as Ministerial or private; and notes the recent ...
That this House notes that the investigation into the breach of the Ministerial code by the former Secretary of State for Defence was itself a breach of the code which explicitly names ...
That this House should establish a select committee to report on the cases for and against establishing an English Parliament.


  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses