International trade

All Commons Briefing Papers
46 Documents
11.11.2016Trade: Key Economic Indicators
Latest statistics on UK's trade performance and balance of payments.
09.11.2016CETA: the EU-Canada free trade agreement
This note provides details about CETA, the Comprehensive Trade and Economic Partnership. This is a free trade agreement between the EU and Canada.
08.09.2016Brexit: trade aspects
This note looks at possible options for the UK's trading relationship with the EU, post-Brexit.
26.08.2016Brexit: impact across policy areas
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the current situation in a range of policy areas and considers what impact Brexit might have. This will depend, among other things, on the Brexit negotiations, whether the UK stays in the European Economic Area and how the Government fills any policy gaps left by withdrawal.
13.07.2016Sources of Statistics: Trade
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on trade.
13.06.2016In brief: UK-EU economic relations
This note sets out, in brief, some of the main indicators of the UK's economic relationship with the EU, including trade, investment, employment and the UK's contribution to the EU Budget.
24.05.2016Geographical pattern of UK trade
This note looks at the UK's trade with its main trading partners.
10.03.2016British Summer Time
For a number of years there have been calls to change clock times in the UK, so that more daylight would be experienced in the evenings rather than mornings throughout the year. The issue continues to be regularly raised in Parliament. This Briefing Paper provides an overview of the pros and cons of British Summer Time and proposals for further changes to clock times. It also summarises recent legislative attempts to change clock times in the UK.
04.12.2015The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)
A briefing on the background, negotiation process and controversial points of the proposed EU-US free trade agreement, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP).
13.11.2015Statistics on UK trade with China
China is one of the UK's largest trading partners. This note gives some key statistics on UK-China trade.
19.05.2015Key Issues for the 2015 Parliament
This book examines the key issues facing the House of Commons over the course of the 2015 Parliament - from the public finances to the UK's membership of the EU and from school places for children to climate change.
19.01.2015Nigeria 2015: analysis of election issues and future prospects
This paper looks at the multiple challenges facing Nigeria as it prepares for presidential and legislative elections on 14 February 2015. These elections will take place amidst an atmosphere of even greater crisis and uncertainty than usual. Boko Haram's insurgency in the north of the country continues unabated. There are fears that the country might break up if the election aftermath is poorly handled. However, some observers remain remarkably hopeful about Nigeria's future, predicting that its enormous economic potential is on the verge of being realised at last.
03.12.2014Iran, the nuclear negotiations and relations with the UK
How is the thaw in relations between Iran and the UK going?
17.11.2014Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill: Committee stage report
This is a report on the House of Commons Committee stage of the Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill.
10.07.2014Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill
The Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill will receive its Second Reading in the House of Commons on 16 July 2014.
11.12.2013Investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)
18.09.2013The economic impact of EU membership on the UK
How does membership of the EU affect the UK economy? How does the UK's situation compare with that of Norway or Switzerland? This note looks for the answers.
10.09.2013Government support to exporters - in brief
An overview of the work of UK Export Finance (UKEF) and UK Trade and Investment (UKTI), and a summary of recent policy developments.
30.08.2013Energy imports and exports
After spending most of the previous 25 years as a net exporter of energy the UK became a net importer in 2004. The gap between imports and exports has increased since 2004 and this looks set to continue to increase in the future. This, alongside higher fuel prices and increased concern over the security of energy supply has increased the attention on energy imports and exports.
01.07.2013Leaving the EU
The Treaty on European Union provides for a Member State to leave the EU, either on the basis of a negotiated withdrawal agreement or without one. If the UK were to leave the EU following a referendum, it is likely that the Government would negotiate an agreement with the EU, which would probably contain transitional arrangements as well as provide for the UK's long-term future relations with the EU. There is no precedent for such an agreement, but it would in all likelihood come at the end of complex and lengthy negotiations.
14.03.2013Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
This note defines FDI, recent trends in FDI for the world and the UK, prospects for FDI flows, and investment promotion in the UK.
08.01.2013Defence exports: Social Indicators page
Defence exports: Social Indicators page. By Allan Smith and Paul Bolton. SN/SG/2622.
13.12.2012Iceland: an overview
2012 has seen Iceland gear up for parliamentary elections in 2013, with plans for a new constitution as it emerges from its financial crisis and proceeds with its application to join the EU.
06.12.2012UK - Commonwealth trade statistics
This short note looks at UK - Commonwealth trade statistics. It has been prepared for a Westminster Hall Private Members' Debate on Commonwealth Trade on Wednesday 12 December 2012.
22.11.2012Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
This note summarises the main features of the extractive industries transparency initiative and outlines the sphere of operations of the UK's main mining companies.
01.11.2012UK/Croatia trade statistics
This note looks at UK/Croatia trade statistics and was prepared for the Second Reading of the European Union (Croatian Accession and Irish Protocol) Bill 2012-13 on Monday 5 November 2012.
01.11.2012European Union (Croatian Accession and Irish Protocol) Bill [Bill 76 of 2012-13]
Croatia is expected to join the EU in July 2013. This Bill would allow the UK to ratify Croatia's accession treaty and would also cover the Protocol to the Lisbon Treaty put forward by the Irish Government.
23.10.2012UK/India trade statistics
This short note looks at UK/India trade statistics and was prepared for the Westminster Hall Private Members' Debate on UK-India trade on Wednesday 25 January 2012.
22.10.2012UK - Russia trade statistics
This note looks at UK/Russia trade statistics
08.10.2012UK Trade statistics
This note looks at UK trade and provides a summary of the key statistics behind the UK's Balance of Trade.
20.09.2012UK-Italy trade statistics
This short note looks at UK/Italy trade statistics
24.04.2012UK-Brazil trade statistics
This short note looks at the available UK/Brazil trade statistics
27.01.2012An economic introduction to China
This standard note provides an introduction to the Chinese economy (including trade with the UK) : statistics and key issues
20.10.2011Switzerland's relationship with the EU
Although Switzerland is not a member of the EU, it has chosen to cooperate with the EU in a number of areas of specific interest.
17.03.2011Wreck Removal Convention Bill 2010-11
This note briefly describes the Wreck Removal Convention Bill 2010-11; a Private Members' Bill sponsored by Dr Th&eacuterèse Coffey MP. The Bill provides measures to enable the United Kingdom to ratify and implement the International Convention for the Removal of Wrecks. It would insert new sections and a Schedule into the Merchant Shipping Act 1995.
19.10.2010G20 & the November 2010 Seoul summit
The G20 has met at leaders' level since November 2008. The second summit in 2010 takes place in Seoul in November. This note provides background to the G20, outcomes of summits so far, the agenda for Seoul, and the G8/G20 relationship.
30.04.2010Global Economic Crisis & developing countries
This note was last published on 26 August 2009 and will not be updated. In the early stages of the financial crisis there were hopes that it would be largely contained within developed economies, with developing economies having 'decoupled' from them. These early hopes proved unfounded, with developing countries struck by declining trade, a loss of investor confidence and withdrawal of investment, a fall in the value of vital remittances, and much reduced growth and contraction in some cases. There are also fears that aid flows may suffer in the aftermath of the crisis. This note summarises key reports and statistics, with links to further resources.
13.03.2009Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) between the EU & African, Caribbean & Pacific countries
The European Union and African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries have been renegotiating their relationship. A series of interim Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) were signed with a number of ACP countries towards the end of 2007, as well as a more comprehensive EPA with the Caribbean ACPs. This note updates with recent developments, and outlines some of the criticisms there have been of EPAs and the negotiations.
12.03.2009Industry and Exports (Financial Support) Bill
This Bill would amend section 8(5) of the Industrial Development Act 1982 and section 1(1) of the Export and Investment Guarantees Act 1991. The Bill proposes to increase the total level of financial support to industry allowed under section 8 of the Industrial Development Act 1982. The Bill also proposes to widen support provided by the Export Credits Guarantee Department (ECGD) to include exports that have already taken place.
17.02.2009The UK-US Defence Trade Co-Operation Treaty
30.12.2008EU trade preferences for developing countries: the GSP & 'Everything But Arms'
The European Union offers developing countries unilateral preferential trading arrangements under its Generalised System of Preferences (GSP), which is split into three parts: standard GSP, GSP+ and 'Everything But Arms'. A new GSP Regulation is to enter into force on 1 January 2009, running to the end of 2011. This note outlines the changes that have been made, providing a background and history to the GSP.
01.07.2008Sovereign Wealth Funds
This note summarises the background to and issues surrounding Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs), which have received a great deal of political and media attention through the creation of China's fund and the large investments made by SWFs in various Western financial institutions during the global 'credit crunch'.
02.05.2007An economic introduction to India
An economic introduction to India. House of Commons Library Research Paper 07/40.
19.06.2006A Political and Economic Introduction to China
A Political and Economic Introduction to China. House of Commons Library Research Paper 06/36
05.07.2001Export Control Bill (Bill 5 of 2001-02)
Export Control Bill (Bill 5 of 2001/02). House of Commons Library Research Paper 01/64.
15.12.1999Millennium trade talks and the battle in Seattle
Millennium trade talks and the battle in Seattle. House of Commons Library Research Paper 99/107.