Incomes and poverty

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The page will automatically redirect to Incomes and Poverty Research Briefings produced by the Commons Library, Lords Library and POST

Content published before December 2016

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on incomes and poverty. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

14.10.2016Agricultural incomes and subsidies in the UK: Social Indicators page
Agricultural incomes and subsidies in the UK: Social Indicators page.
13.07.2016Sources of Statistics: Constituency Statistics
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on constituency level statistics.
04.07.2016Income inequality in the UK
This note looks at trends in income inequality in the UK over the last 50 years.
30.06.2016Poverty in the UK: statistics
This note sets out information on the levels and rates of poverty in the UK, including historical trends and forecasts for future years.
22.02.2016Women around the world: International Women's Day 2016
This briefing gives an introduction to International Women's Day, celebrated on the 8th of March. It examines a variety of indicators for women's equality both in the UK and internationally.
18.02.2016Welfare Reform and Work Bill 2015-16: Lords amendments
The Welfare Reform and Work Bill 2015-16 had its Third Reading in the House of Lords on 9 February, and the Commons is due to consider Lords amendments on 23 February.
30.11.2015Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015: a summary
Updated analysis of the Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015.
26.11.2015School funding: Pupil Premium
The introduction and development of the Pupil Premium policy since its introduction in 2011
13.11.2015Pensions and pensioners' incomes: Social Indicators page
A summary of trends in pensioners' incomes.
26.10.2015Welfare Reform and Work Bill 2015-16 Committee Stage Report
This Commons Library Briefing Paper summarises debate and amendments to the Bill during its committee stage in the House of Commons.

Lords Library Notes

27.10.2016Impact of the Shortage of Housing on Young People
This House of Lords Library briefing presents an overview of housing in the UK, including statistics on housing supply and demand. It considers some of the causes of the housing shortage and explores recent reports that have sought to identify the impact of the housing market on young people. It concludes with a brief summary of government policy in this area.
21.10.2016Government Plans to Promote Social Mobility
Ahead of the debate on 27 October 2016 on the Government's plans to promote social mobility, this Library briefing provides an overview of recent Government announcements in this area and concludes with a discussion of different views on social mobility.
07.07.2016Causes of Poverty in the United Kingdom
This House of Lords Library briefing has been prepared ahead of a debate that is scheduled to take place in the House on 14 July 2016 on the following motion: '[...] that this House takes note of the case for tackling the causes of poverty in the United Kingdom'.
10.11.2015Welfare Reform and Work Bill (HL Bill 69 of 2015-16)
This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Welfare Reform and Work Bill on 17 November 2015.
16.07.2015Debate on the Budget Statement
This Library Note provides background information on the Budget Statement which was delivered by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, on 8 July 2015. The Note provides a brief overview of some of the key Budget measures, before outlining the immediate reaction to the statement as expressed by members of the House of Commons and by a selection of organisations and commentators. It has been written to support the debate in the House of Lords on this subject scheduled to take place on 21 July 2015.
03.11.2014Women Facing Homelessness, Domestic Violence and Social Exclusion
On 6 November 2014, the House of Lords is scheduled to debate the following motion: 'that this House takes note of women facing homelessness, domestic violence and social exclusion'.


30.03.2015Measuring Living Standards
This POSTnote outlines different approaches to setting and measuring thresholds and their strengths and limitations. It also summarises research on recent trends in living standards and the key factors that influence them.
17.09.2012Measuring National Wellbeing
This POSTnote summarises the latest research on measuring national wellbeing, its components and causes, and examines some policy implications.
01.03.2009Delaying gratification, March 2009
This POSTnote looks at the influence of time in decision making, and looks at the implications for policy domains such as pensions, health and consumer affairs.

Select Committee Reports

27.01.2010Enforcement of the national minimum wage in Scotland.
Government response. Scotland Office; Scottish Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
15.12.2009Top pay in the public sector.
Public Administration Select Committee report [Commons]
10.11.2009Legislative scrutiny: Child Poverty Bill.
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]
14.10.2009Enforcement of the national minimum wage in Scotland.
Scottish Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
08.10.2009Energy efficiency and fuel poverty.
Government response. Department of Energy and Climate Change report [Commons]

Early Day Motions

That this House recognises the serious problem of fuel poverty in the UK, especially amongst older people; acknowledges the adverse impact that rising fuel bills are likely to have ...
That this House notes the findings of the Equality Trust that societies with smaller income differences between rich and poor have fewer health and social problems, such as teenage ...
That this House notes that the Royal Family currently receive 30 million annually from the public purse, in part for the cleaning of the occupied Royal Palaces which include Buckingham ...
That this House notes with concern the analysis by the Institute of Fiscal Studies that shows the Government's fiscal plans will increase poverty among children and working age adults ...
That this House welcomes a new report by the Muscular Dystrophy Campaign, The Cost of Living with Muscle Disease, which highlights the extreme financial hardship faced by many families ...


  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses