Health services

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The page will automatically redirect to Health Services Research Briefings produced by the Commons Library, Lords Library and POST

Content published before December 2016

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on health services. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

11.11.2016Health expenditure in England and the UK: Social Indicators page
Health expenditure: Social Indicators page. By Rachael Harker. SN/SG/2640.
11.11.2016NHS staff in England: Social Indicators page
NHS staff in England: Social Indicators page. By Rachael Harker. SN/SG/2642.
10.11.2016Waiting times in England, Wales & Scotland: Social Indicators page
Waiting times for hospital treatment, accident and emergency, and diagnostic tests: Social Indicators page. SN/SG/2639.
10.11.2016Special Educational Needs: support in England
This House of Commons Library briefing sets out the system of support for children and young people in England aged 0-25 with special educational needs (SEN). The briefing provides an overview of the new system introduced in 2014, the transitional arrangements, and how the new system differs from that which preceded it. It also includes a brief history of the movement towards reform that preceded the 2014 changes, and information on the impact of the new system available to date.
09.11.2016Beds and activity in England: Social Indicators page
Beds and activity in England: Social Indicators page.
28.10.2016Medicine statistics: GP prescribing by constituency, 2015
Prescribing rates for medicines and drugs vary substantially across the country. These rates provide a useful measure of the burden of illness and disease across the country. This briefing provides 2015 data on prescriptions by GPs in the UK, with local-area data for individual drugs covering each constituency in England.
21.10.2016Commons Library analysis of the Health Service Medical Supplies (Costs) Bill
This briefing paper will provide an outline of the contents of the Health Service Medical Supplies (Costs) Bill 2016-17, background on the issues and relevant comment.
14.10.2016Dementia: policy, services and statistics overview
This briefing examines policies in England to improve dementia diagnosis, care, support and research. Health is a devolved matter, and the note also briefly outlines dementia strategies in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It also provides statistics on rates of dementia, including data for each English Parliamentary constituency.
26.09.2016Junior doctor contracts in England
This Commons Library briefing provides background information on the introduction of a new contract for doctors in training (junior doctors) in England, including a summary of the proposed changes, and background on negotiations between NHS Employers and the BMA.
23.09.2016NHS Commissioning before April 2013
This briefing paper looks at the development of commissioning arrangements in the NHS in England up to April 2013 and provides background to the Coalition Government's policies for reform.

Lords Library Notes

03.08.2016Health and Social Care Act 2012: Performance and Sustainability of the NHS
This Library briefing has been prepared ahead of the forthcoming debate on the impact of the Health and Social Care Act 2012 on the current performance of the National Health Service and its future sustainability. It provides a summary of the changes brought in by the Health and Social Care Act 2012, presents statistics on NHS performance and provides information on recent developments in regard to the issue of the NHS's finances and its sustainability.
15.07.2016NHS and Social Care Workforce: Implications of Leaving the European Union
This Library briefing has been prepared ahead of the forthcoming debate on the implications of the European Union referendum result on the NHS and social care workforce, particularly with regard to 'safe' staffing levels. It details statistics on the numbers of citizens from other EU member states currently working in the NHS and social care; examines a range of commentary and reaction to the result of the referendum on the UK's membership of the European Union and the potential implications for staffing in the NHS; and briefly examines the debate and recent developments on the issue of 'safe' staffing levels.
27.06.2016Historical Child Sex Abuse Investigations
A number of investigations into historical child sex abuse in the UK have been launched by the police and public institutions in recent years. This follows allegations that claims of child sex abuse made against public figures had not been properly investigated in the past. This briefing focuses on the existing guidance for conducting these investigations and provides background information on recent investigations that have taken place. It has been written in preparation for a debate that is due to take place in the House of Lords on 30 June 2016 on the case for introducing statutory guidelines relating to the investigation of cases of historical child sex abuse.
12.05.2016Queen's Speech 2016 Day 1: Business, Culture, Education, Health and Welfare
The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen's Speech over four days between 19 and 25 May 2016. This briefing is one of four prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
20.01.2016Work of the Ad Hoc Committees in 2013-14
This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of the work of the five ad hoc Lords Select Committees which reported in the 2013-14 session.
21.12.2015NHS: Ability to Meet Present and Future Demand
This Library Note has been prepared to support the debate in the House of Lords on the ability of the NHS to meet present and future demands on 14 January 2016.


09.08.2016Electronic Cigarettes
This POSTnote updates POSTnote 455 (January 2014), summarising the latest data on scale of use, safety and quality of electronic cigarettes, and their value as a stop smoking tool. It also explores the implications of the new EU Tobacco Products Directive and regulatory approaches in the UK.
02.08.2016Integrating Health and Social Care
An ageing population and the increasing prevalence of long-term conditions are putting pressure on health and social care services. The four UK nations have committed to better integration between health and social care as one solution to these challenges. This briefing outlines what integration is, examines policies to enable it and gives examples of integration in England. It also looks at the evidence on the challenges of achieving integration and assessing the effectiveness of approaches.
20.06.2016Sugar and Public Health
This POSTnote summarises the health risks associated with eating a diet high in sugar and outlines the policy options that might best enable people to limit their sugar consumption.
08.02.2016Electronic Health Records
A POSTnote which explains the plans to introduce electronic health records for everyone. As well as background on what information such records will contain, the paper discusses the opportunities and challenges implementing them will involve.
05.06.2015Obesity Treatments
A quarter of adults in the UK are clinically obese and therefore at an increased risk of developing chronic diseases. NHS advice is to eat fewer calories and take more exercise to lose weight. Increasingly, drug treatments and surgery are being considered as a means to lose weight for extremely obese people who have had difficulty in adhering to lifestyle changes. This briefing discusses the current methods used to manage and treat obesity.
26.03.2015Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States
A POSTnote discussing the medical, legal and ethical challenges associated with the care of patients in vegetative and minimally conscious states.

Select Committee Reports

14.12.2011Constitution Select Committee (HL) twenty-second report on the Health and Social Care Bill:
Constitution Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
14.09.2011Constitution Select Committee (HL) eighteenth report on the Health and Social Care Bill.
Constitution Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
18.07.2011The national programme for NHS IT.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
20.06.2011Commissioning - further issues.
Government response. Department of Health report [Commons]
11.05.2011National Health Service landscape review.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]

Early Day Motions

That this House notes with serious concern that the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has issued draft guidance for the use of the drug abiraterone, a life ...
That this House notes the tragic loss of life caused by Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP), estimated at around 500 deaths in the UK each year; recognises that young people ...
That this House acknowledges that the current system of care and support is in crisis with many of those who need help and support beingbadly let down by a faltering system; and therefore ...
That this House congratulates the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) on the two-day blood glucose testing event in Parliament on 24 and 25 January; welcomes the work of IDF and ...
That this House congratulates Sands, the stillbirth and neonatal death charity, on the publication of its new report, Preventing Babies' Deaths: what needs to be done; notes that 17 ...


  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses