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  • This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on elections. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

    Commons Briefing Papers

    07.11.2016UK by-elections more than 3 months after vacancy
    This list notes UK by-elections that have taken place more than three months after the vacancy.
    01.11.2016UK by-elections since 1945
    The number of UK by-elections by session and by Parliament since 1945
    25.10.2016Opinion polls (UK): Social Indicators page
    Opinion polls: Social Indicators page. A summary of recent opinion polls on voting intention and important issues among voters.
    25.10.2016Turnout (UK): Social Indicators page
    Turnout: Social Indicators page. Summary information on turnout at elections in the UK.
    25.10.2016Local, Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly and European Parliament elections: Social Indicators page
    Local, Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly and European Parliament elections: Social Indicators page. A summary of recent election results.
    25.10.2016UK General Election results: Social Indicators page
    General Election results: headline data and trends.
    19.10.2016Voting age
    Under current legislation, a person must be 18 or over to vote. This Note gives details of calls for a change in the law to reduce the voting age to 16.
    11.10.2016Overseas voters
    British citizens living overseas are currently entitled to be registered to vote in UK Parliamentary elections for up to 15 years in the constituency they were registered in before leaving the UK. After the general election the Government indicated that it would bring forward a Votes for Life Bill; this Bill has not yet been introduced but on 7 October 2016 the Government published a policy statement which set out how the 15 year rule would be removed. This Briefing Paper provides details of the provisions relating to overseas voters in the Representation of the People Act 1985 and of earlier attempts to change the 15 year rule.
    28.09.20162018 Boundary Review: initial proposals for Wales
    This Commons Library Briefing Paper examines the initial proposals for new Westminster constituency boundaries in Wales, published as part of the 2018 Review. It looks at how these proposals affect existing constituencies, and the electorate and area of the proposed constituencies.
    28.09.2016Georgia 2016
    Georgia has signed its Association Agreement with the EU and Georgian leaders have described this as a historic chance to return to Georgia's natural European environment

    Lords Library Notes

    15.03.2016European Union: Prime Ministers' Speeches and Party Manifestos since 1970
    This House of Lords Library briefing outlines some of the key statements on Europe made by Prime Ministers since 1970 and reproduces the manifesto commitments made at general elections by each party over the same period.
    18.11.2015Scotland Bill (HL Bill 73 of 2015-16)
    This briefing provides information in support of the House of Lords consideration of the Scotland Bill.
    13.10.2015Digital Democracy: Political Participation and Citizen Engagement through the Internet
    This Library Note provides an overview of developments around citizens' political engagement and participation through the internet. It has been written in light of the 2015 'Open Up' report by the Speaker's Commission on Digital Democracy, which set five key targets for the House of Commons and made a number of recommendations to the administration and MPs in how to meet them. Reference to the report and its recommendations are referred to within.


    12.06.2015Trends in Political Participation
    Over the last fifty years in the UK, some aspects of participation in formal politics have decreased, such as political party membership. But new forms of participation, such as online activism, have emerged, which may become increasingly important, especially for younger people. This POSTnote discusses trends in political participation, with a focus on new forms, drivers of these trends and how UK democratic institutions are responding.
    05.03.2014Social Media and Big Data
    This POSTnote examines the application of 'big data' approaches to social media in three key areas: elections and polling, commercial applications and security. It also covers the regulation of social media data and public concerns around privacy.

    Select Committee Reports

    11.01.2012Constitution Select Committee (HL) twenty-third report on Voting at the close of poll.
    Constitution Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
    22.11.2011Political party finance: ending the big donor culture.
    Committee on Standards in Public Life report [Commons]
    04.03.2011Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Bill.
    Government response. Deputy Prime Minister report [Commons]
    31.01.2011Work of the Committee in 2010.
    Speaker's Committee on the Electoral Commission report [Commons]
    11.10.2010Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Bill.
    Political and Constitutional Reform Select Committee report [Commons]

    Early Day Motions

    That this House notes the success of the 36 independent candidates of the Labour, Democracy and Freedom block supported by the Kurdish population in the Turkish general election on ...
    23.03.2011BURMA AND THE EU
    That this House notes that despite holding an election in November 2010, Burma has failed to meet the requests of the EU Common Position, last renewed on 26 April 2010, which called ...
    That this House notes the heavy defeat of the governing Fianna Fail party in the Irish General Election; further notes the loss of all the seats in the Dail of its junior partner, the ...
    That this House notes that the Stoke-on-Trent (Electoral Changes) Order 2011 seeks to implement the recommendations of the Electoral Commission's review of electoral arrangements for ...
    That this House notes the peaceful South Sudan independence referendum which took place between 9 January and 15 January 2011; welcomes the fact that the referendum's validity threshold ...


    • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
    • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
    • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses