Election results : UK

All Commons Briefing Papers
67 Documents
DateDescription
25.10.2016Turnout (UK): Social Indicators page
Turnout: Social Indicators page. Summary information on turnout at elections in the UK.
25.10.2016Local, Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly and European Parliament elections: Social Indicators page
Local, Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly and European Parliament elections: Social Indicators page. A summary of recent election results.
25.10.2016UK General Election results: Social Indicators page
General Election results: headline data and trends.
21.10.2016By-election results since the 2015 General Election
This Commons Library Briefing Paper sets out results of the by-elections held since the 2015 election. Currently there have been six by-elections, the latest ones were in Batley & Spen and Witney which were held on 20 October 2016. Full details are presented in the associated PDF but an overview of the recent by-election results are shown below.
31.08.2016Referendums
This Briefing Paper provides background to the increasing use of referendums worldwide to settle constitutional issues and to the holding of referendums in the UK; a table of all referendums held in the UK to date is provided. The use of thresholds in referendums is discussed and information provided on the administration of referendums and regulation of the referendum campaigns.
11.08.2016Women Members of Parliament: Background Paper
This briefing paper provides a list of all the women who have ever been elected to the House of Commons.
13.07.2016Sources of Statistics: Constituency Statistics
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on constituency level statistics.
30.06.2016Brexit: what happens next?
Now that the UK has voted to leave the EU, what will happen next? This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the immediate consequences of the vote and some of the longer term implications. This paper considers various questions about UK withdrawal from the EU and what is likely to happen in the coming weeks and months. The issues include the method of leaving the EU, continuing parliamentary scrutiny of EU business and the withdrawal negotiations, and the implications of Brexit for Scotland and Gibraltar.
29.06.2016Analysis of the EU Referendum results 2016
This House of Commons Library Briefing Paper analyses the results of the referendum on EU membership held on 23 June 2016. The highest vote share for Leave (76%) was recorded in Boston (Lincolnshire). The highest vote share for Remain (96%) was recorded in Gibraltar. The dataset accompanying this briefing paper will be published soon.
19.05.2016London Elections 2016
Elections for the London Mayor and London Assembly were held on 5 May 2016. The Labour Party candidate Sadiq Khan was elected as Mayor of London with the highest number and share of first preference votes since mayoral elections began in 2000. Labour won 12 of the 25 seats in the London Assembly, the Conservatives 8, the Green Party and UKIP 2 seats each and the Liberal Democrats one seat. Turnout in the mayoral election was 45.2%.
19.05.2016National Assembly for Wales Elections: 2016
It was the first Assembly election when all three UK-wide parties: Conservative, Labour and Liberal Democrats lost seats. Labour fell short of a majority and won 29 of the 60 seats in the National Assembly. The Conservatives, for the first time, did not increase their seat count loosing 3 seats.
19.05.2016Local Elections 2016
Local elections were held for 2,782 council seats across 124 district, unitary and metropolitan borough councils in England on 5 May 2016. In the elections the Conservatives had a net loss of 38 seats, Labour a net loss of 15 seats and the Liberal Democrats a net gain of 48 seats. Changes in council control across England were minimal.
19.05.2016Northern Ireland Assembly Elections: 2016
Elections to the Northern Ireland Assembly on 5 May 2016 resulted in little change in the party composition. Following the elections the two largest parties in the Assembly remain the DUP (38 MLAs) and Sinn Féin (28 MLAs).
19.05.2016Police and Crime Commissioner Elections: 2016
On Thursday 5 May 2016 the second cycle of elections (2012 being the first) for Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) took place in England and Wales (excluding the Metropolitan Police, City of London and Greater Manchester). The 40 police areas each elected one PCC. The supplementary vote system was used for the elections.
12.05.2016EU referendum: how the result will be declared
This Commons Library briefing paper summarises how the result will be declared following the referendum on the UK's membership of the EU on Thursday 23 June 2016.
28.07.2015General Election 2015
This briefing paper analyses the results of the 2015 General Election. It includes the election results by country, region and party, as well as the full result and turnout for every UK constituency. This is the second edition of the briefing paper, which provides additional analysis and statistics. New chapters in this edition cover seats changing hands, the characteristics of voters for each party, the characteristics of candidates and MPs, the electorate and turnout, safe and marginal seats, by-elections during the last Parliament, polling day, and the marginality of constituencies. The full results are available for download in two CSV files. The election results shown in this Briefing Paper were provided by Returning Officers following the 2015 General Election.
10.10.2014By-elections 2010-15
The by-election in Rochester and Strood on 20 November 2014 was the 21st since the 2010 General Election. UKIP took the seat from the Conservatives with a majority of 2,920, pushing the Conservatives into second place.
30.09.2014Scottish Independence Referendum 2014
In the Scottish Independence Referendum held on the 18th September 2014, the proposition 'Should Scotland be an independent country?' was rejected by a margin of 10.6 percentage points. The turnout at the referendum was 84.6% including rejected papers (84.5% based on valid votes). This is the highest turnout at a nationwide referendum or parliamentary election in Scotland since the franchise was extended to women in 1918.
03.09.2014Social Indicators
This Research Paper summarises a wide range of social statistics. Subjects covered include agriculture, crime, defence, education, elections, environment and energy, health, housing, local government, population and migration, social security and transport.
16.06.2014The European Conservatives and Reformists in the European Parliament
In the European Parliament discussions are on-going about the formation of political groups. The European Conservatives and Reformists group, in which UK Conservatives are one of the largest parties, has recently admitted the Alternative fur Deutschland party, and there are fears that this might damage Anglo-German relations.
11.06.2014Local elections 2014
Local and mayoral elections were held in England and Northern Ireland on 22 May 2014. In England, elections were held in all 32 London boroughs, 36 metropolitan boroughs, 19 unitary authorities, and 74 shire districts. Labour had a net gain of four councils, the Conservatives a net loss of 13 and the Liberal Democrats a net loss of two. The first local elections were also held to 11 new councils in Northern Ireland in accordance with timetabled reform to local government administration.
11.06.2014European Parliament Elections 2014
Elections to the European Parliament took place in 28 countries of the EU between 22 and 25 May 2014. In the United Kingdom, UKIP won 24 seats, Labour 20, the Conservatives 19, and the Green Party three. The Liberal Democrats won only one seat, down from 11 at the 2009 European election. The BNP lost the two seats they had won for the first time at the previous election.
21.05.2014European Parliament elections 2014
Voting in the 2014 European Parliament elections takes place across the EU from 22 to 25 May. In the United Kingdom, voting will be on Thursday 22 May 2014.
09.01.2014Elections: Turnout
This note looks at turnout in UK elections.
22.05.2013Local Elections 2013
This paper summarises the results of the local and mayoral elections held on 2 May 2013.
08.02.2013Marginal seats
This note lists UK Parliament seats by marginality using results for the 2010 General Election. The results are taken from the Research Paper (RP10/36) General Election 2010
03.12.2012Local Elections 2013
Local elections take place on 2 May 2013 in 27 county councils and 8 unitary authorities in England and one council in Wales.
03.12.2012Electoral swing
Electoral swing is a way of comparing the performance of parties at elections. This note shows how to calculate swing using examples from the 2010 General Election and gives detail of general election swings since 1950 and record by-election swings.
29.11.2012Police and Crime Commissioner Elections, 2012
On Thursday 15 November 2012 the first ever elections for Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) took place in England and Wales, outside of London. The Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 replaced police authorities with directly elected PCCs. The 41 police areas each elected one PCC. The supplementary vote system was used for the elections. This Research Paper analyses the results
07.08.2012UK Election Statistics: 1918-2012
This paper presents an overview of results from UK elections since 1918, including elections to the House of Commons, the European Parliament, devolved bodies and local government.
22.05.2012London elections 2012
Elections for the Mayor of London and London Assembly were held on 3 May 2012. The Conservative candidate Boris Johnson was re-elected as Mayor, winning 44% of first preference votes. Labour won 12 of the 25 London Assembly seats to become the largest party in the Assembly.
21.05.2012Local elections 2012
Local elections took place in 181 local authorities on 3 May 2012. Almost 4,900 council seats were up for election in 128 local authorities in England, 32 unitary authorities in Scotland and 21 unitary authorities in Wales.
24.05.2011Scottish Parliament Elections: 2011
The SNP gained an overall majority in the Scottish Parliament in the elections on 5 May 2011. The paper provides data on voting trends and electoral turnout for constituencies, electoral regions, and for Scotland as a whole.
24.05.2011Local Elections: 2011
19.05.2011Northern Ireland Assembly Elections: 2011
Elections on 5 May 2011 resulted in little change in the overall party composition of the Northern Ireland Assembly. Gains and losses by individual parties involved just one or two seats. 108 Assembly Members were elected by Single Transferrable Vote, 6 Members for each of 18 constituencies. Following the 2011 elections the two largest parties in the Assembly are the DUP (38 MLAs) and Sinn Féin (29 MLAs).
19.05.2011National Assembly for Wales Elections: 2011
This Research Paper provides summary and detailed results of the fourth elections to the National Assembly for Wales, which took place on 5 May 2011.
19.05.2011Alternative Vote Referendum 2011
67.9% of voters opposed changing the electoral system to the Alternative Vote, in a UK wide referendum on 5 May 2011. Turnout was 42.0%. This Research Paper presents information on votes cast in each region and referendum counting area.
02.02.2011General Election 2010
No single party won an overall majority at the 2010 General Election, for the first time in the UK since February 1974. The Conservatives won the most seats, 306, a net change of 96 compared with notional 2005 general election results. Labour were down by 90 seats, leaving them with 258, while the Liberal Democrat total of 57 was five fewer than 2005. General Election 2010 provides detailed analysis of the results of the 2010 General Election. The data for votes cast and electorates agree with the official results published by the Electoral Commission. This Research Paper replaces the analysis published on 8 July 2010 which used provisional data.
25.05.2010Coalition statistics
Following the May 2010 elections, the UK has a coalition government for the first time in decades. This note shows that coalitions are an established form of government in western Europe and the UK.
02.04.20102010 General Election: new constituencies; seats and swing
The 2010 General Election will use new constituency boundaries in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. In Scotland the boundaries will be the same as 2005. After the election there will be 650 seats in the House of Commons, four more than the 646 now. In partisan terms, the new areas give a net benefit to the Conservatives. If the 2005 election had been fought on the new boundaries the Conservatives would have gained around 12 additional seats and Labour seven fewer.
17.11.2009By elections since 2005
This note sets out results of by elections since the 2005 General Election.
08.05.2009Electoral performance of the British National Party in the UK
This note provides data on the electoral performance of the UK's British National Party (BNP) in local and parliamentary elections. This note has been updated to include results from the local elections held in England on 1 May 2008. It also comments upon results from various elections up to 2006, as well as overall results from the 2007 and 2008 local elections.
29.01.2009Marginal seats
This note lists UK Parliament seats by marginality using results for the 2005 General Election. Majorities are measured by both numbers of votes and shares of the vote inpercentage points.
27.01.20092009 European Parliament Elections
Voting in the 2009 European Parliament elections will take place across the EU from 4 to 7 June. In the United Kingdom voting will be on Thursday 4 June 2009. The number of UK MEPs is to be reduced at these elections from 78 currently to 72. On the basis of the 2004 results, the UK's six fewer MEPs would have meant reductions of three MEPs for the Conservatives, two for the Liberal Democrats and one for Labour. For Great Britain, seats in the European Parliament are allocated to Parties according to a "d'Hondt" quota system which operates for each region. For Northern Ireland a different system of Single Transferable Vote is used. This note sets out the changes to the number of seats by region and what this would have meant if the 2004 elections had been fought on this basis.
05.09.20083-way marginal seats
3-way marginal seats. By Sean Lightbown. SN/SG/3425.
20.05.2008London elections 2008
Elections for Mayor of London and London Assembly, 1 May 2008.
01.02.2008Election Statistics: UK 1918-2007
This paper has been superseded by Research Paper 12/43, UK Election Statistics: 1918-2012.
19.07.2007Local and Mayoral elections 2007
Local and Mayoral elections 2007. House of Commons Library Research Paper 07/47
10.05.2006Local election 2006
Local elections 2006. House of Commons Library Research Paper 06/26.
10.03.2006General Election 2005
General Election 2005. House of Commons Library Research Paper 05/33
31.12.2005Local and Mayoral elections 2005
Local and Mayoral elections 2005. House of Commons Library Research Paper 05/93
11.05.2005By-election results 2001-05
By-election results 2001-05. House of Commons Library Research Paper 05/34
18.03.2005General Election 2005: Swingometer
08.10.2004The "Grey" Vote - Social Indicators Page
The "Grey" Vote - Social Indicators Page. By Adam Mellows-Facer and Ross Young. SN/SG/3216.
28.07.2004UK election statistics 1918-2004
This paper has been superseded by Research Paper 12/43, UK Election Statistics: 1918-2012.
29.06.2004The electoral performance of far-right parties in the UK
The electoral performance of far-right parties in the UK. By Jessica Yonwin. SN/SG/1982.
23.06.2004European Parliament elections 2004
European Parliament elections 2004. House of Commons Research Paper 04/50.
01.07.2003UK election statistics 1945-2003
This paper has been superseded by Research Paper 12/43, UK Election Statistics: 1918-2012.
14.05.2003Welsh Assembly Elections: 1 May 2003
Welsh Assembly Elections: 1 May 2003. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/45.
14.05.2003Scottish Parliament elections:1 May 2003
Scottish Parliament elections:1 May 2003. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/46.
12.05.2003Local Elections 2003
Local elections 2003. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/44.
09.05.2002Local elections of 2 May 2002
Local elections in England: 2 May 2002. House of Commons Library Research Paper 02/33.
27.09.2001Local elections of 7 June 2001
The local elections of 7 June 2001. House of Commons Library Research Paper 01/71.
12.06.2001General election results 7 June 2001
General election results 7 June 2001. House of Commons Library Research Paper 01/54.
29.03.2001By-elections results 1997-2000
By-election results 1997-2000. House of Commons Research Paper 01/36. (Updates and replaces Research Paper 99/95).
29.03.2001General election results 1 May 1997
General election results 1 May 1997. House of Commons Library Research Paper 01/38. (Reissue of 97/49)
29.03.2001UK election statistics 1945-2000
This paper has been superseded by Research Paper 12/43, UK Election Statistics: 1918-2012.