EU external relations

All Commons Briefing Papers
35 Documents
11.11.2016Brexit reading list: legal and constitutional issues
The Commons Library has compiled, from a wide range of sources, a selection of analysis and comment relevant to the UK's forthcoming withdrawal from the European Union.
09.11.2016Brexit: some legal, constitutional and financial unknowns
This Commons Library briefing looks at some of the basic 'unknowns' relating to Brexit. The unknowns cover areas such as a role for the UK Parliament and the devolved legislatures in the Brexit process, relations with the EU institutions, the economic impact on the UK, and changes to citizens' rights.
28.09.2016Georgia 2016
Georgia has signed its Association Agreement with the EU and Georgian leaders have described this as a historic chance to return to Georgia's natural European environment
26.08.2016Brexit: impact across policy areas
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the current situation in a range of policy areas and considers what impact Brexit might have. This will depend, among other things, on the Brexit negotiations, whether the UK stays in the European Economic Area and how the Government fills any policy gaps left by withdrawal.
25.07.2016Brexit: how will it affect transport?
This Commons Library briefing paper discusses some of the pertinent issues in the four main transport policy areas: aviation, railways, roads and road-based public transport, and maritime. It will be updated and expanded as more information is published and new issues emerge.
30.06.2016Brexit: how does the Article 50 process work?
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the process of withdrawing from the EU under Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. There could be a complex and difficult negotiation lasting two years or more, or the UK could leave without settling its exit terms or its future relationship with the EU.
13.06.2016In brief: UK-EU economic relations
This note sets out, in brief, some of the main indicators of the UK's economic relationship with the EU, including trade, investment, employment and the UK's contribution to the EU Budget.
26.05.2016EU Referendum: analysis of the UK's new EU Settlement
This Commons Library briefing looks at the new Settlement for the United Kingdom within the European Union agreed at the European Council on 17-19 February 2016. The Settlement consists of seven texts: a Decision and a Statement of Heads of State or Government and five Declarations.
22.04.2016Examples of other referendums on the European Union
This Commons Library Note charts referendums held since 1972 on EU matters in candidate and Member States, and also in Switzerland on its relations with the EU, with brief details on turnout and results. It also outlines the positions of France and Austria on holding a referendum on EU enlargement, particularly with regard to a possible Turkish accession.
29.03.2016EU external agreements: EU and UK procedures
This Commons Library briefing looks at the procedures and some of the problems linked to treaty negotiation and ratification in the EU and the Member States, with particular reference to the UK. The EU concludes many international agreements with third States or international organisations. How does the EU negotiate these agreements and how does the UK scrutinise and ratify them?
04.12.2015The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)
A briefing on the background, negotiation process and controversial points of the proposed EU-US free trade agreement, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP).
29.10.2015European Union (Approvals) Bill 2015-16
This Bill fulfils a requirement of the European Union Act 2011 that EU legislative proposals based on the 'catch-all' Article 352 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union must be approved by an Act of Parliament before the UK can support their adoption in the EU Council. The Bill deals with two relatively uncontroversial proposals concerning the Republic of Macedonia becoming an observer on an EU human rights body and a draft decision on the Tripartite Social Summit for Growth and Employment.
28.09.2015The Sustainable Development Goals and the post-2015 development agenda
On 25 September UN Member States agreed 17 'Sustainable Development Goals' at an extraordinary Summit of the UN General Assembly. At various points during the negotiations, the UK Government expressed concern that 17 goals was too many. Debates continue over how far the goals embody a 'transformational agenda'.
11.03.2015Sanctions over the Ukraine conflict
The EU announced broad economic sanctions against Russia on 29 July 2014 including restrictions on some Russian banks' ability to borrow money in EU financial markets, and an arms embargo
09.09.2014Ukraine: towards a frozen conflict?
The conflict in Ukraine has caused more than 3,000 deaths since it broke out in March 2014. the EU and the US have imposed sanctions and more are pending, while NATO has stepped up its presence in Eastern Europe. A stable solution may be elusive, however
25.06.2014Russia and Ukraine - update June 2014
Ukraine is due to sign its agreement with the EU on 27 June; Russia's reaction is awaited
17.03.2014Ukraine, Crimea and Russia
In November 2013 the Ukrainian government decided not to sign a planned Association Agreement with the EU and demonstrations ensued in the capital Kiev. The 'Euromaidan' demonstrations turned violent in early 2014 and in February, some European foreign ministers mediated a compromise, involving a unity government and early elections.
17.01.2014The Commission Work Programme 2014
The European Commission's Work Programme for 2014 sets out four priority areas in which it intends to act: economic and monetary union, sustainable growth, justice and security and external action. The UK Government broadly supports the programme but has some specific concerns and reservations.
11.12.2013Investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)
26.11.2013Eastern Partnership summit in Vilnius: carrots v sticks
Another victory for Vladimir Putin?
01.07.2013Leaving the EU
The Treaty on European Union provides for a Member State to leave the EU, either on the basis of a negotiated withdrawal agreement or without one. If the UK were to leave the EU following a referendum, it is likely that the Government would negotiate an agreement with the EU, which would probably contain transitional arrangements as well as provide for the UK's long-term future relations with the EU. There is no precedent for such an agreement, but it would in all likelihood come at the end of complex and lengthy negotiations.
05.02.2013The crisis in Mali: current military action and upholding humanitarian law
This note describes the current military intervention in Mali, led by France, which began on 11 January as a reaction to the southward advance of militant Islamist armed groups with links to al-Qaeda. It also looks at the intervention in the context of upholding humanitarian law.
14.01.2013Norway's relationship with the EU
Norway is not part of the EU, and although it has adopted large amounts of EU legislation, it has little influence.
10.11.2011Ukraine, the EU, Russia and Tymoshenko
The boundaries of western and Russian influence in Eastern Europe are in play in Ukraine.
20.10.2011Switzerland's relationship with the EU
Although Switzerland is not a member of the EU, it has chosen to cooperate with the EU in a number of areas of specific interest.
20.05.2011The European Union at the United Nations
In May 2011 the United Nations General Assembly voted in favour of Resolution A/RES/65/276, which granted the EU the right to speak at the United Nations. This Note looks at the background to the vote and the issues involved.
24.04.2009Russia and the West
A year on from Dmitry Medvedev's succession to the Kremlin, this paper analyses the evolution of Russian foreign policy under both Putin and Medvedev. It seeks to identify the main themes, interests, and objectives of Russian foreign policy, and to appraise the role of President Medvedev in the direction of Russian diplomacy and his relationship with Prime Minister Putin. In so doing, it examines, in detail, Russia's relationship with the United States, NATO, the EU, and the UK and analyses the role of energy in relations between Russia and the West. Finally, it looks ahead at the prospects for the relationship in light of President Obama's declared intention to press the 'reset' button in US-Russian relations.
06.07.2007Hamas and the seizure of Gaza
Hamas and the seizure of Gaza. House of Commons Library Research Paper 07/60.
14.03.2007EU Enlargement: the Western Balkans
EU Enlargement: the Western Balkans. House of Commons Research Paper 07/27.
16.04.2004The Human Rights Clause in the EUs External Agreements
The human rights clause in the EU's external agreements. House of Commons Library Research Paper 04/33.
02.05.2001European security and defence policy: Nice and beyond
The European Council held in Nice between 7-9 December 2000 unveiled the results of two years work on what is now termed the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP).
31.10.2000Common European security and defence policy
Common European security and defence policy: a progress report. House of Commons Library Research Paper 00/84.
21.02.2000European Defence: From Portschach to Helsinki
The past 18 months have witnessed a new urgency and purpose in the search for a more distinct and capable European defence identity. From early initiatives at St Malo, through the experience of the war in Kosovo and NATO's 50th Anniversary, to the EU Helsinki summit, the pace of development has been rapid.
01.05.1998EU Enlargement: the Financial Consequences
EU enlargement: the financial consequences. House of Commons Library Research Paper 98/56.
01.05.1998EU enlargement: the political process
EU enlargement: the political process. House of Commons Library Research Paper 98/55.