Defence expenditure

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The page will automatically redirect to Defence Expenditure Research Briefings produced by the Commons Library, Lords Library and POST

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  • This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on defence expenditure. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

    Commons Briefing Papers

    09.11.2016Defence expenditure (UK): Social Indicators page
    A summary of defence expenditure statistics
    14.10.2016The Royal Navy's new frigates and the National Shipbuilding Strategy
    A new National Shipbuilding Strategy will be published in November 2016. This briefing paper explores what it might mean for the Royal Navy's new frigate programme.
    13.07.2016Sources of Statistics: Defence
    This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on defence.
    13.07.2016Sources of Statistics 2016
    This briefing paper brings together sources of statistics on subject areas covered by the Economic Policy & Statistics and Social & General Statistics sections of the House of Commons Library. In doing so it draws upon the knowledge of Library specialists, aiming to provide comprehensive topic-by-topic guides for use by anyone interested in the statistical series that underpin the United Kingdom.
    04.07.2016NATO Summit Warsaw 2016: a primer
    This House of Commons Library briefing paper looks ahead to the NATO Summit in Warsaw on 8-9th July 2016. Topping the agenda is NATO's response to Russia, instability in the Middle East and North Africa, and defence spending.
    21.10.2015Defence Expenditure - NATO 2% Target
    In 2006, NATO allies set a target to spend 2% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on defence. The UK continues to meet this target, but when reporting its defence expenditure to NATO, the UK now includes several items of expenditure which had not previously been included.
    10.03.2015Sources of Statistics
    This briefing paper brings together sources of statistics on 27 subject areas covered by the Economic Policy & Statistics and Social & General Statistics sections of the House of Commons Library. In doing so it draws upon the knowledge of Library specialists, aiming to provide comprehensive topic-by-topic guides for use by anyone interested in the statistical series that underpin the United Kingdom.
    02.03.2015Japan: Abe's constitutional and security agenda
    Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (the LDP) won a decisive victory in snap elections held in December 2014. One of the reasons for holding early elections was Abe's desire to amend Japan's 'peace Constitution' so that in future it expressly permits the country's armed forces to come to the aid of allies under attack. This is known in Japan as the right of 'collective self-defence'. In mid- 2014 the Japanese Cabinet approved interpreting the Constitution in this way. Abe is now seeking to give this new interpretation legal and constitutional underpinning. Important as it is, amending Article 9 of the Constitution is just one part of Abe's plans on the defence and security front. Japan is now looking to enhance its defence capabilities so that it can play a greater role in promoting international 'peace, stability and prosperity'. It will also increase its ability to respond effectively to any attack on the Senkaku Islands (as Japan calls them) in the East China Sea.
    12.09.2014NATO Wales Summit 2014: outcomes
    The 2014 NATO Wales Summit discussed Russia, Ukraine, Iraq, defence spending amongst allies and the end of combat operations in Afghanistan.
    03.09.2014Social Indicators
    This Research Paper summarises a wide range of social statistics. Subjects covered include agriculture, crime, defence, education, elections, environment and energy, health, housing, local government, population and migration, social security and transport.

    Lords Library Notes

    27.11.2015United Kingdom's Role in Supporting International Security and Stability
    This Library Note has been prepared in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on 3 December 2015: "that this House takes note of the United Kingdom's role in supporting international security and stability in the light of the Strategic Defence and Security Review".
    06.12.2013Defence Reform Bill
    This Note provides background information on the Defence Reform Bill, which is due to have its second reading in the House of Lords on 10 December 2013.

    Select Committee Reports

    13.09.2011The performance of the Ministry of Defence 2009-10.
    Government response. Defence Select Committee; Ministry of Defence report [Commons]
    15.02.2011The major projects report 2010.
    Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
    08.12.2010Managing the defence budget.
    Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
    08.12.2009MoD winter supplementary estimate 2009-10.
    Defence Select Committee report [Commons]
    27.10.2009Ministry of Defence Main Estimates 2009-10.
    Government response. Ministry of Defence; Defence Select Committee report [Commons]

    Early Day Motions

    That this House expresses profound concern at the proposed appointment of a commercial management company to partner Defence Business Services; believes that allowing a private sector ...
    That this House strongly condemns the Government plans to order the steel for the first new Trident replacement submarine before any formal decision is made on whether to go ahead with ...
    That this House welcomes the announcement of a reduction in operational warheads from 160 to 120 in the Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR) and a delay in the Main Gate decision ...
    That this House welcomes the Government's intention to hold a strategic defence and security review; notes with concern the stated intention to conduct it without giving due consideration ...
    That this House notes that the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, right hon. Lord Mandelson, told the North West Evening Mail newspaper on 23 January 2010 of the ...


    • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
    • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
    • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses