Climate change

All Commons Briefing Papers
62 Documents
DateDescription
07.11.2016Greenhouse gas emissions (UK): Social Indicators page
Trends in UK greenhouse gas emissions.
27.10.2016Grouse shooting
Grouse shooting takes place on moorlands managed for the birds. The Government believes that grouse shooting makes a significant economic, social and environmental contribution. However, others are concerned that grouse moor management is leading to environmental damage and the illegal killing of birds of prey. Two public petitions have been launched on this matter, on both sides of the argument. The Petitions Committee took evidence from witnesses on 18 October 2016, and a debate is scheduled for 31 October 2016.
20.10.2016Paris Climate Agreement Ratified
The Paris Climate Agreement will come into force on 4 November 2016 following ratification by the EU in October 2016.
12.10.2016The weather in the home countries: Social Indicators page
2014 was the warmest year on record for the UK -what exactly was the weather like over the past 12 months?
27.09.2016The Paris Climate Change Conference
The Paris Climate Conference in December 2015 reached agreement, to be implemented in 2020, to keep global increases in temperature well below 2 C. The UK has signed the Agreement, and momentum is increasing for ratification in 2016.
27.09.2016Shale gas and fracking
The regulatory regime for fracking in the UK is covered in this note along with comment on environmental concerns. It also covers the new access provisions and debate on fracking in during the Infrastructure Bill's passage through Parliament.
26.08.2016Brexit: impact across policy areas
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the current situation in a range of policy areas and considers what impact Brexit might have. This will depend, among other things, on the Brexit negotiations, whether the UK stays in the European Economic Area and how the Government fills any policy gaps left by withdrawal.
10.08.2016Commons Library analysis: The Renewable Heat Incentive
The Renewable Heat Incentive aims to support households and businesses to generate renewable heat for their buildings. Regulations introduced this month will prevent some biomass-CHP plant from receiving the (higher) biomass-CHP tariff for all their heat output unless a power efficiency threshold of 20% is met. The scheme is funded to 2020.
22.07.2016Commons Library Analysis: Energy: The Renewables Obligation
The Renewables Obligation has provided financial support for large scale renewable electricity. Some elements of the scheme have already closed and it will close in 2017 as part of Electricty Market Reform, to be replaced by Contracts for Difference.
21.07.2016Commons Library analysis: Energy Storage in the UK
Energy storage is expected to play an increasing role in managing an increasingly decentralised electricity grid in the next few years.
14.07.2016Commons Library Analysis: UK Fifth Carbon Budget
The Government has to set the UK Fifth Carbon Budget for 2028-2032 and decide whether to follow the advice from the Committee on Climate Change. The draft Carbon Budget Order 2016 is to be considered by the 3rd Delegated Legislation Committee on 18 July 2016.
13.07.2016Sources of Statistics: Environment
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on the environment.
13.07.2016Sources of Statistics: Energy
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on energy in the UK.
24.06.2016Energy Policy Overview
This note provides an overview of the current Government's energy policy.
10.05.2016Zero Carbon Homes
Proposals for zero carbon homes and the Government's decision not to proceed with the scheme announced in July 2015
13.04.2016Green Investment Bank
The Green Investment Bank was set up by the Government to stimulate investment in green infrastructure in 2012. Privatisation was announced in 2015.
21.03.2016Feed-in Tariffs
Feed-in Tariffs are available as an incentive for small-scale renewables. The Government has completed a Review of the Scheme in December 2015.
10.03.2016British Summer Time
For a number of years there have been calls to change clock times in the UK, so that more daylight would be experienced in the evenings rather than mornings throughout the year. The issue continues to be regularly raised in Parliament. This Briefing Paper provides an overview of the pros and cons of British Summer Time and proposals for further changes to clock times. It also summarises recent legislative attempts to change clock times in the UK.
14.01.2016The Energy Bill 2015-16: Background and changes in the Lords
The Energy Bill 2015-16 has been debated and Amended in the House of Lords. This paper provides a summary of those changes along with relevant background information for its debate in the House of Commons.
16.11.2015Social Indicators 2015
This Research Paper summarises a wide range of social statistics. Subjects covered include agriculture, crime, defence, education, elections, environment and energy, health, housing, local government, population and migration, social security and transport.
19.05.2015Key Issues for the 2015 Parliament
This book examines the key issues facing the House of Commons over the course of the 2015 Parliament - from the public finances to the UK's membership of the EU and from school places for children to climate change.
23.01.2015Infrastructure Bill: Energy and Climate Change measures
The Infrastrucutre Bill 2014-15 provides a number of new powers and regualtions that relate to energy and climate change. The note provides information on some of these for the Commons Report stage debate.
01.12.2014Lima Climate Change Conference
The UNFCC conference on climate change will take place in Lima in December 2014. The aim is to agree a gloabl limit on emissions to be agreed in Paris in 2015 and implemented in 2020
11.09.2014Smart meters
Between now and 2020 more than 50 million new 'smart meters' will be rolled out to 30 million homes and smaller businesses in Britain. These are intended to allow consumers to see and adjust in real time what energy they are using. The Public Accounts Committee considers the challenges associated with roll-out 'huge'.
23.07.2014Carbon capture and storage
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) generation is not yet proven on a large scale, and nor is storage long-term, despite a series of UK Government and EU initiatives aimed at incentivising its development. In March 2013 Peterhead (Aberdeenshire) and the White Rose Project (Yorkshire) were named as the two preferred bidders in the latest UK CCS Commercialisation Programme Competition.
14.05.2014Carbon Price Floor
Details of the Carbon Floor Price and the Government's announcement to freeze prices until 2020
06.02.2014The Green Deal
This paper describes the Government's Green Deal energy efficiency policy. The Government has since decided to stop funding the Green Deal Finance Company (GDFC) which was set up to lend money to Green Deal providers.
24.10.2013Nuclear power
On 21 October the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change announced that agreement had been reached with EDF to build the UK's first new nuclear power station since Sizewell B was commissioned in 1995.
30.05.2013Energy Bill 2013 - update for Report stage
The current Energy Bill now has its Report Stage scheduled, for 3 June 2013. This note provides an update to some of the more controversial areas, and to previous Library research briefings on the Bill.
20.09.2012Deepwater and Arctic oil drilling
This note outlines several examples of how previously inaccessible sources of hydrocarbons are now starting to be exploited, the regulatory regimes that surround this and the increasing controversy over drilling in the Arctic.
18.07.2012Antarctica: the treaty system and territorial claims
The unique treaty system that protects the Antarctic is constantly updated and sometimes challenged. A current Private Member's Bill would implement recent changes in the UK.
23.05.2012EU ETS and Aviation
The aviation sector has been included in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme from 1 January 2012 as part of EU efforts to reduce emissions by 20% by 2020.
23.05.2012The draft Energy Bill 2012
The 2012 Queen's Speech announced that "My Government will propose reform of the electricity market to deliver secure, clean and affordable electricity and ensure prices are fair'. This will be done through the latest in a line of Energy Bills, published in draft for pre-legislative scrutiny on 22 May 2012.
21.05.2012The CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme
The CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme is a mandatory carbon emissions reporting and trading scheme for large public and private sector organisations. It is currently under review and if it cannot be simplified to produce 'very significant administrative savings' for businesses, then it will be replaced by 'an alternative environmental tax' on which the Government will consult in Autumn 2012.
18.05.2012Agriculture and Climate Change
This note covers some predictions of the effect of climate change on UK agriculture and forestry
17.04.2012The 'conservatory tax'
Changes to the building regulations are currently being consulted upon. These have led to press reports of a 'conservatory tax' of up to 10% on certain home improvements, through required associated energy efficiency measures. Reports have also said that people will be forced to take out green deal loans if they cannot afford to fund these improvements.
05.04.2012Feed-in Tariffs: Solar PV Review
This note summarises details of Solar PV feed-in tariffs, including the various reviews of tariffs for solar, the latest consultation published in February 2012, and the Government's defeat in the courts.
11.01.2012Daylight Saving Bill: Committee Stage Report
This is a report on the House of Commons Committee Stage of the Daylight Saving Bill.
05.01.2012Durban Climate Conference
This note covers run up and outcome of the UN climate change conference that took place in Durban between 28 November and 11 December 2011.
25.11.2011Tar sands
Tar sands (oil sands) have potential to provide a significant fraction of future global oil demand but there are concerns, acknowledged in an EC Fuel Quality Directive, about their environmental impact, not least on greenhouse gas emissions.
25.11.2011Carbon Capture and Storage: additional background
This note (March 2011) examines the policy and issues relating to carbon capture and storage and in particular, how it relates to coal-fired energy generation.
24.10.2011UK Fourth Carbon Budget
The Government has a deadline of 30 June 2011 to set the UK's fourth carbon budget covering 2023-2027.
19.10.2011Biofuels
This note introduces issues surrounding biofuel policy in the UK and EU.
06.09.2011Energy Bill [HL]: Committee Stage Report
This is a report on the House of Commons Committee Stage of the Energy Bill. It complements Library Research Paper 11/36 (Energy Bill) prepared for the Commons Second Reading.
13.07.2011Energy from waste and incineration
This note looks at the role of energy from waste and incineration.
13.06.2011Air transport statistics
Air Transport Statistics by Tom Rutherford (SN/SG/3760). This note looks in detail at trends in air travel in the UK and the latest official projections, passenger fatality rates; fares, air freight, energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. It includes some key facts on aviation's contribution to the economy and employment. Some international comparisons of air transport are also given.
13.04.2011How UK farmers could reduce greenhouse gas emissions
This note considers ways that farmers might reduce their consisderable emissions of greenhouse gases, mainly methane
03.03.2011Illegally Logged Timber: EU and UK legislation
This note covers the EU ban on the import of illegal timber and proposals for UK legislation.
12.01.2011Cancun Climate Conference
This note covers the climate negotiations which have taken place since the Copenhagen Conference (COP 15) in December 2009, in the lead up to the next meeting in Cancun in November 2010.
29.07.2010Coalition proposals for an Energy Security and Green Economy Bill
This note sets out the measures in the Bill alongside what was said about these areas in the Conservative and Liberal Democrat election manifestos, the formal coalition Government agreement and the March 2010 Conservative green paper Rebuilding Security: Conservative energy policy for an uncertain world. It also highlights comment on the proposals.
23.06.2010The phasing out of incandescent light bulbs
This note sets out in more detail the phasing out of traditional incandescent light bulbs and the claims that low energy light bulbs are damaging to human health and to the environment.
02.12.2009Climate Change: The Copenhagen Conference
20.11.2009Climate change levy
The climate change levy was introduced in April 2001, charged on electricity, gas, liquefied petroleum gas and solid fuels, when supplied to business. This note gives a short history of the levy, and the impact it has had in reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
05.08.2009Biochar and climate change
This note briefly introduces biochar as a measure to tackle climate change.
26.11.2008The Renewable Energy Strategy
The UK has a provisional EU target for 15% of energy to come from renewable sources by 2020. This note details the Government's proposals to meet this target.
22.10.2008Climate Change Bill [HL]: Committee Stage Report
Climate Change Bill. (Bill 129 of 2007/08) House of Commons Library Research Paper 08/79.
06.06.2008Climate Change Bill [HL]
(Bill 97 of 2007-08)
24.01.2008Aviation and Climate Change
Aviation and Climate Change. House of Commons Library Research Paper 08/08
10.10.2007Social Indicators
Social Indicators. [Includes articles on Independence for Official Statistics, Greenhouse Gases, and Clostridium Difficile, and a Topical Subject Page on Teenage Pregnancy] House of Commons Library Research Paper 07/70.
10.01.2007Social Indicators
Social indicators. [Includes articles on Research and Development in the UK and Prison Population. Also includes topical subject page on The Weather] House of Commons Library Research Paper 07/02.
07.12.2006Greater London Authority Bill Parts 7 and 8 - Planning and Environmental Functions (Bill 11 of 2006-07)
The Greater London Authority Bill Parts 7 and 8-Planning and Environmental Functions (Bill 11 2006-07). House of Commons Library Research Paper 06/61
16.09.2003Social indicators
Social indicators. (Includes article on Changes in police crime recording practices and topical subject pages on climate change and football disorder). House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/71.
All Select Committee Reports
25 Select Committee Reports
DateDescription
14.09.2011The impact of UK overseas aid on environmental protection and climate change adaptation and mitigation....
Government response. Environmental Audit Select Committee; Department for International Development report [Commons]
13.07.2011Committee on Climate Change report and accounts for 2010-11.
Committee on Climate Change report [Commons]
22.06.2011The impact of UK overseas aid on environmental protection and climate change adaptation and mitigation....
Environmental Audit Select Committee report [Commons]
27.04.2011Reviews into the University of East Anglia's Climatic Research Unit's e-mails.
Government response. Science and Technology Select Committee report [Commons]
15.02.2011Emissions performance standards.
Government response. Energy and Climate Change Select Committee; Department of Energy and Climate Change report [Commons]
17.01.2011The reviews into the Climatic Research Unit's emails at the University of East Anglia.
Science and Technology Select Committee report [Commons]
24.11.2010Emissions performance standards.
Energy and Climate Change Select Committee report [Commons]
28.09.2010The disclosure of climate data from the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia.
Government response. Department of Energy and Climate Change report [Commons]
04.08.2010Adapting to Climate Change.
Government response. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs report [Commons]
24.03.2010The disclosure of climate data from the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia.
Science and Technology Select Committee report [Commons]
16.03.2010Adapting to Climate Change.
Environmental Audit Select Committee report [Commons]
16.03.2010Carbon budgets.
Government response. Environmental Audit Select Committee; Department of Energy and Climate Change report [Commons]
26.01.2010Role of carbon markets in preventing dangerous climate change.
Environmental Audit Select Committee report [Commons]
05.01.2010Carbon budgets.
Environmental Audit Select Committee report [Commons]
27.10.2009Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation: No hope without forests.
Government response. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs; Environmental Audit Select Committee report [Commons]
20.10.2009Reducing CO2 and other emissions from shipping.
Government response. Department for Transport; Department of Energy and Climate Change; Environmental Audit Select Committee report [Commons]
20.10.2009Greening government.
Government response. Office of Government Commerce; Environmental Audit Select Committee report [Commons]
13.10.2009Sustainable development in a changing climate.
Government response. Department for International Development; International Development Select Committee report [Commons]
14.07.2009Greening government.
Environmental Audit Select Committee report [Commons]
16.06.2009Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation: No hope without forests.
Environmental Audit Select Committee report [Commons]
02.06.2009Pre-Budget Report 2008: green fiscal policy in a recession.
Government response. Treasury; Environmental Audit Select Committee report [Commons]
20.05.2009Sustainable development in a changing climate.
International Development Select Committee report [Commons]
12.05.2009Reducing CO2 and other emissions from shipping.
Environmental Audit Select Committee report [Commons]
10.03.2009Pre-Budget Report 2008: green fiscal policy in a recession.
Environmental Audit Select Committee report [Commons]
03.03.2009The Export Credits Guarantee Department and sustainable development.
Government response. Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform; Environmental Audit Select Committee report [Commons]