Children's social services

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The page will automatically redirect to Children's Sociall Services Research Briefings produced by the Commons Library, Lords Library and POST

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  • This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on children's social services and child protection issues. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs. For financial support for children, see child support.

    Commons Briefing Papers

    10.11.2016Special Educational Needs: support in England
    This House of Commons Library briefing sets out the system of support for children and young people in England aged 0-25 with special educational needs (SEN). The briefing provides an overview of the new system introduced in 2014, the transitional arrangements, and how the new system differs from that which preceded it. It also includes a brief history of the movement towards reform that preceded the 2014 changes, and information on the impact of the new system available to date.
    20.10.2016The Troubled Families programme (England)
    The Troubled Families programme works with families with multiple problems, such as unemployment, anti-social behaviour, truancy and mental health problems. It is operated at a local authority level on a payment-by-results model.
    10.10.2016Local authority support for children in need (England)
    This note sets out what is a "child in need" as defined in the Children Act 1989, the assessment process and the services available to children in need and their families in England.
    11.08.2016The Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse and background
    This briefing concerns the establishment of the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse, a statutory Inquiry which formally opened in July 2015. This Inquiry replaced the previous, non-statutory, Inquiry set up in July 2014 which saw both of its Chairs resign; on 4 August 2016, Justice Goddard resigned as the Chair of the statutory inquiry and on 11 August it was announced that Professor Alexis Jay would be the new Chair.
    07.07.2016Early Intervention
    Information and analysis on early intervention policies aimed at parents and children from conception to age five, covering health, education, social development and financial benefits. This paper also looks at broader arguments around early intervention as a policy approach.
    04.05.2016Immigration Bill 2015-16: Lords amendments and ping-pong stages
    The Immigration Bill 2015-16 is currently in ping-pong stage. This Commons Library briefing paper gives an overview of the latest developments with the Bill.
    15.04.2016Children: out-of-area and distant placements in residential homes (England)
    Children in residential homes that are "out of area" or distant from their families are considered in this briefing paper, including the current law, recent reports and the ongoing independent review by Sir Martin Neary which is expected to report in May 2016.
    20.01.2016Childcare Bill 2015-16: Analysis for Commons Report Stage (Bill 107)
    The paper analyses the Childcare Bill ahead of Report Stage in the House of Commons. The Bill proposes an additional 15 hours of free childcare for a qualifying child of working parents (for three and four year olds) and will place a duty on local authorities to publish information about childcare and related matters. The Bill relates to England only.
    06.10.2015Children in care in England: statistics
    This note presents headline statistics on the number of children in care in England, reasons for entering the care system, types of care placement and number of care placements experienced.
    18.09.2015Confidentiality and openness in the family courts: current rules and history of their reform
    This briefing paper considers transparency in the family courts, including communication of information and media attendance, and background on recent changes in this area.

    Lords Library Notes

    27.06.2016Historical Child Sex Abuse Investigations
    A number of investigations into historical child sex abuse in the UK have been launched by the police and public institutions in recent years. This follows allegations that claims of child sex abuse made against public figures had not been properly investigated in the past. This briefing focuses on the existing guidance for conducting these investigations and provides background information on recent investigations that have taken place. It has been written in preparation for a debate that is due to take place in the House of Lords on 30 June 2016 on the case for introducing statutory guidelines relating to the investigation of cases of historical child sex abuse.
    09.06.2016Children and Social Work Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages
    This Lords Library briefing provides an overview of the Children and Social Work Bill, the background to it, and summarises reaction to date on the measures proposed in the Bill.
    12.05.2016Queen's Speech 2016 Day 1: Business, Culture, Education, Health and Welfare
    The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen's Speech over four days between 19 and 25 May 2016. This briefing is one of four prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
    04.12.2015Residential Care Sector
    This House of Lords Library Note has been prepared ahead of a debate that is scheduled to take place in the House on 10 December 2015 on the following motion: '[...] that this House takes note of the quality and viability of the residential care sector in the light of the Government's decision to delay the implementation of the care cost cap'.
    15.10.2015Education and Adoption Bill (HL Bill 64 of 2015-16)
    This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Education and Adoption Bill on 20 October 2015.
    22.10.2012Debate on 25 October: Looked-after Children
    This Library Note provides background reading for the debate on looked-after children on 25 October.


    17.05.2016Education in Youth Custody
    Recent government policy emphasises putting education at the heart of youth custody. A review of the youth justice system is due to be published in summer 2016. This POSTnote looks at the literature on the provision and quality of education in youth custody in England and Wales. And it examines the challenges in providing education to a population with particular needs.
    01.01.2010Pets, families and interagency working, January 2010
    This POSTnote examines the evidence base for the assumption that organisations that work with animals should be included in the safeguarding children agenda, and the rationale for cross-reporting between different agencies.

    Select Committee Reports

    30.03.2011Looked-after children.
    Government response. Department for Education; Education Select Committee report [Commons]
    03.03.2010Training of Children and Families Social Workers.
    Government response. Children Schools and Families Select Committee; Department for Children, Schools and Families report [Commons]
    20.07.2009Training of childen and families social workers.
    Children Schools and Families Select Committee report [Commons]
    24.06.2009Looked-after children.
    Government response. Department for Children, Schools and Families; Children Schools and Families Select Committee report [Commons]
    09.03.2009Looked-after children.
    Children Schools and Families Select Committee report [Commons]

    Early Day Motions

    09.02.2012FOSTERS CARE HOME
    That this House notes with concern plans by Wokingham Borough Council to review the future of Fosters Care Home; further notes that Fosters Care Home is included in a list of council ...
    That this House congratulates Lancashire County Council's scrutiny committee on its report into the problems of cross boundary placements entitled Who Cares; notes that of 64,000 ...
    That this House is aware the Government has yet to commit itself to ending the practice of the physical punishment of children in the UK despite its human right obligations and progress ...
    That this House regrets that the Family Justice Review resulted in a Family Justice Panel that was not representative; notes that the response to the final report from groups campaigning ...
    That this House congratulates the organisers and members of the Revoe Junior Youth Club in Blackpool, who in their first year of existence have got over 60 young people involved and ...


    • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
    • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
    • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses