Child care

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  • This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on child care. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

    Commons Briefing Papers

    04.11.2016Small Charitable Donations and Childcare Payments Bill 2016-17
    The Small Charitable Donations and Childcare Payments Bill 2016-17 would make a number of amendments to the legislation which underpins the Gift Aid Small Donations Scheme (GASDS), introduced in April 2013. The purpose of these changes is to simplify the scheme and extend access to smaller and newer charities. The Bill would also make a few technical amendments to the legislation which establishes Tax-Free Childcare, the Government's scheme to support parents' childcare costs, scheduled to be rolled out from early 2017.
    11.08.2016The Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse and background
    This briefing concerns the establishment of the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse, a statutory Inquiry which formally opened in July 2015. This Inquiry replaced the previous, non-statutory, Inquiry set up in July 2014 which saw both of its Chairs resign; on 4 August 2016, Justice Goddard resigned as the Chair of the statutory inquiry and on 11 August it was announced that Professor Alexis Jay would be the new Chair.
    07.07.2016Early Intervention
    Information and analysis on early intervention policies aimed at parents and children from conception to age five, covering health, education, social development and financial benefits. This paper also looks at broader arguments around early intervention as a policy approach.
    22.06.2016Children: Introduction of 30 hours of free childcare (England)
    An extra 15 hours of free childcare will be available across England from September 2017 for eligible 3 and 4 year olds who live in households where either a single parent or both parents work, or otherwise meet the criteria. This paper sets out the details of the policy, and highlights issues regarding its delivery by childcare providers.
    29.04.2016Children: Grandparents and others who require leave of the court to apply for access
    This House of Commons library briefing paper explains the processes by which grandparents and others can agree access or residency with a child following, for example, parental separation.
    20.01.2016Childcare Bill 2015-16: Analysis for Commons Report Stage (Bill 107)
    The paper analyses the Childcare Bill ahead of Report Stage in the House of Commons. The Bill proposes an additional 15 hours of free childcare for a qualifying child of working parents (for three and four year olds) and will place a duty on local authorities to publish information about childcare and related matters. The Bill relates to England only.
    14.09.2015Education and Adoption Bill
    This paper considers the background and reaction to, and the provisions of, the Education and Adoption Bill which proposes new powers in relation to converting school judged "inadequate" to academy status, the academy conversion process and intervention powers and the reaction to them, and the establishment of regional adoption agencies. Sections 5 to 7 were added to this paper on 14 September 2015, to cover the Bill's Second Reading and Commons Committee Stages. Sections 1 to 5 of the note remain as originally published on 17 June 2015, and have not been updated.
    15.07.2015Sure Start (England)
    The development and impact of the Sure Start early years programme since 1998, from the initial targeted, local partnership-run programmes through to universal local authority-run children's centres.
    19.05.2015Key Issues for the 2015 Parliament
    This book examines the key issues facing the House of Commons over the course of the 2015 Parliament - from the public finances to the UK's membership of the EU and from school places for children to climate change.
    17.11.2014Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill: Committee stage report
    This is a report on the House of Commons Committee stage of the Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill.

    Lords Library Notes

    27.06.2016Historical Child Sex Abuse Investigations
    A number of investigations into historical child sex abuse in the UK have been launched by the police and public institutions in recent years. This follows allegations that claims of child sex abuse made against public figures had not been properly investigated in the past. This briefing focuses on the existing guidance for conducting these investigations and provides background information on recent investigations that have taken place. It has been written in preparation for a debate that is due to take place in the House of Lords on 30 June 2016 on the case for introducing statutory guidelines relating to the investigation of cases of historical child sex abuse.
    10.06.2015Childcare Bill [HL] (HL Bill 9 of 2015-16)
    This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Childcare Bill on 16 June 2015.
    27.02.2015Women's Economic Empowerment
    This Library Note provides background reading for Members in advance of the debate to be held on 5 March 2015 on 'Women's Economic Empowerment both Nationally and Internationally'.
    03.12.2014Childcare Payments Bill (HL Bill 56 of 2014-15)
    This note provides an overview of the Childcare Payments Bill, and its passage through the House of Commons earlier this year, ahead of its second reading in the House of Lords on 9 December 2014.
    28.11.2014Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill (HL Bill 57 of session 2014-15)
    This Library Note provides background reading ahead of the Bill's second reading in the House of Lords on 2 December 2014.
    28.06.2013Children and Families Bill (HL Bill 32 of 2013-14)
    This Library Note provides information on the Children and Families Bill, which is due for second reading in the House of Lords on 2 July 2013. The Bill covers several areas, including: adoption and children in care; the family justice system; children and young people with special educational needs; the Office of the Children's Commissioner for England; rights to leave and pay for parents; the right to request flexible working; and early years education and child care.


    30.03.2015Measuring Living Standards
    This POSTnote outlines different approaches to setting and measuring thresholds and their strengths and limitations. It also summarises research on recent trends in living standards and the key factors that influence them.

    Select Committee Reports

    26.01.2011Sure start children's centres.
    Government response. Education Select Committee report [Commons]
    15.03.2010Sure Start children's centres.
    Children Schools and Families Select Committee report [Commons]

    Early Day Motions

    That this House recognises that private, voluntary and independent (PVI) providers fulfil a vital role in the care and education of pre-school children; welcomes the work of the Save ...
    That this House notes that there is estimated to be a minimum of 10,000 children in kinship (family and friends) care in Scotland; recognises that three out of four of these families ...
    That this House welcomes the provision of an on-site nursery on the Parliamentary Estate but regrets the regressive decision of IPSA to remove the salary supplement for new hon. Members' ...
    That this House notes the decision taken by the House of Commons Commission on 14 December 2009 to convert the extremely popular and well-used Bellamy's Bar and the Astor Suite in Parliament ...
    That this House congratulates Sure Start Palfrey Children's Centre in Walsall South on achieving outstanding in its Ofsted inspection on 8 July 2010; notes that the centre is the first ...


    • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
    • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
    • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses