All Commons Briefing Papers
56 Documents
01.11.2016The Northern Powerhouse
This briefing paper provides a general overview of the UK Government's plans for a 'Northern Powerhouse'. It explains the origins of the Northern Powerhouse concept, the policy and funding commitments set out by Government, the implications for changes in governance and a look at the future in light of the policies of the new Prime Minister, Theresa May, and the UK's decision to leave the European Union.
19.10.2016Heathrow Airport
This paper looks at how Heathrow currently operates and the debate about its future, including the recommendation of the Airports Commission that a new third runway should be built to the north west of the existing site, views on that recommendation and what is likely to happen next.
13.10.2016Civilian drones
This paper outlines current regulations for the use of recreational and commercial drones in the UK. It also presents recent policy development in the UK and internationally, as well as emerging technological and regulatory issues related to drone integration into domestic airspace.
26.08.2016Brexit: impact across policy areas
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the current situation in a range of policy areas and considers what impact Brexit might have. This will depend, among other things, on the Brexit negotiations, whether the UK stays in the European Economic Area and how the Government fills any policy gaps left by withdrawal.
26.07.2016Transport in Scotland
This paper gives an overview of those transport areas that are reserved to the UK Parliament and those which are devolved to Scotland, including most recently by the Scotland Act 2016.
25.07.2016Transport in Wales
This paper gives an overview of those transport areas that are reserved to the UK Parliament; those which are devolved to Wales and proposals by the Silk Commission and in the Wales Bill to devolve further powers.
25.07.2016Brexit: how will it affect transport?
This Commons Library briefing paper discusses some of the pertinent issues in the four main transport policy areas: aviation, railways, roads and road-based public transport, and maritime. It will be updated and expanded as more information is published and new issues emerge.
13.07.2016Sources of Statistics: Transport
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on transport.
26.04.2016Regional airports
This paper looks at policy affecting airports in the UK, outside London and the South East of England, including the work of the Airports Commission and debates around it, and financial support for lifeline services.
14.04.2016Access to transport for disabled people
This paper explains the legislative frameworks that apply to public transport passengers with disabilities or reduced mobility.
12.01.2016Air passenger duty : recent debates & reform
This note looks at the recent debate on taxing aviation, in the context of concerns about the structure of air passenger duty, the rates of tax, and the Coalition Government's reform of the tax in the 2014 Budget. The development of APD since its introduction is set out in two other Library notes (SN413 & SN6426).
11.09.2015Overview of military drones used by the UK Armed Forces
Remotely Piloted or Unmanned Aircraft, more commonly known as drones, have been described as the most contentious conventional weapons system currently in use. This note provides an overview of their use by the UK armed forces.
06.07.2015Air passenger compensation
This paper explains the compensation rights of airline passengers in the event of denied boarding, delay and cancellation; lost and damaged baggage; and death or bodily injury.
02.06.2015Transport: passenger rights, compensation and complaints
This briefing paper provides information on passenger rights, compensation and how to make a complaint across four forms of transport: rail, bus and coach, air and sea (ferries and cruise ships).
14.05.2015Transport 2015
This paper provides an overview of the transport commitments given by the main political parties in the run up to the 2015 General Election; a broad summary of transport trends over the course of the 2010 Parliament; and looks at some of the possible transport 'hot spots' post-2015, specifically devolution; local bus services; cycling provision; rail franchising; and airport expansion.
04.03.2015The aerospace industry: statistics and policy
This note analyses key statistics and presents details of how Government policy supports the industry.
07.10.2014Aviation: Mayor of London's proposals for a Thames Estuary airport, 2008-
This note deals only with the proposals put forward by the Mayor of London, Boris Johnson for a new hub airport located on an artificial island in the Thames estuary. For information on the historical background to the idea of building a new airport at or in the Thames estuary, as well as the current proposals for the Isle of Grain site, see SN4920.
19.06.2014Aviation: airport regulation
This note sets out the role of the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) in regulating UK airports and plans for its reform.
05.06.2014Aviation: noise pollution
This note looks at policies and schemes to tackle aviation noise.
28.03.2014Aviation:proposals for an airport in the Thames estuary, 1945-2014
Summary (with chronological list) of attempts to build an airport in the Thames estuary since the 1940s
21.01.2014Aviation: airports in South East England
This note looks at airport development in London and the South East under the present and previous governments, including the December 2013 interim report from the Airports Commission. Please note, Heathrow is covered in a separate note: SN1136.
25.04.2013Military Search and Rescue to end in 2016
The Royal Air Force and the Royal Navy will no longer provide a Search and Rescue Helicopter service in the UK after March 2016. A wholly civilian service run by Bristow Helicopters Ltd and managed by the Department for Transport will provide the Search and Rescue Helicopter capability for the UK.
13.02.2013Aviation: night flights
This note explains the rules on night flights at designated and non-designated airports.
05.12.2012Transport: winter maintenance
This note looks at the Quarmby recommendations to improve the resilience of all modes of transport to extreme weather, focusing particularly on the road network. It also explains the duty of highways authorities to ensure that safe passage along the highway is not endangered by snow or ice and looks briefly at issues of salt and grit supplies.
19.10.2012UK aviation: airports and capacity: Social Indicators article
A summary of key data on the issue of UK airport usage and capacity.
19.10.2012Social Indicators
A compendium of the latest social statistics. This edition includes articles on: UK aviation: airports and capacity; Road fuel prices and taxes across the EU; and a look back at London 2012.
02.10.2012Taxing aviation fuel
At present, although road fuel is charged excise duty, which represents a substantial proportion of the pump price paid by motorists, aviation kerosene (AVTUR) which is used in jet engines is exempt from this tax, under international agreement. This note looks at the debate on using tax to control aviation emissions, and the obstacles to introducing excise duty on aviation fuel.
19.09.2012Air Passenger Duty : introduction
Air passenger duty (APD) is charged on all passenger flights from UK airports. It was introduced in the November 1993 Budget and came into effect on 1 November 1994. This note discusses the introduction of APD, and the first years of its operation. Two other notes discuss the Labour Government's approach to the tax (SN6426), and current Government policy (SN5094).
19.09.2012Air passenger duty : the approach of the Labour Government (2008-2010)
Concerns about the impact of aviation on carbon emissions lead the Labour Government to review air passenger duty (APD) in 2008. A number of changes were made to the structure of the tax from November 2009. This note examines this reform, and complements a second note on current Government policy (SN5904).
02.08.2012Aviation: National Air Traffic Services (NATS)
This note gives information about the structure of National Air Traffic Services (NATS).
23.05.2012EU ETS and Aviation
The aviation sector has been included in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme from 1 January 2012 as part of EU efforts to reduce emissions by 20% by 2020.
20.04.2012Civil Aviation Bill: Committee Stage Report
This is a report on the Public Bill Committee Stage of the Civil Aviation Bill.
16.04.2012Aviation: airport slots
This note explains the airport slot allocation process at airports around the world, with particular focus on the rules at airports within the EU. It also explains the process of selling or trading slots.
07.02.2012Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T)
Trans-European Networks (TENs) are infrastructure networks in transport, energy and telecommunications. This note is only concerned with the transport networks (TEN-T). It gives information on the background to the scheme, its financial aspects; the priority projects it supports; and the European Commission's plans for reform.
24.01.2012Civil Aviation Bill
This paper has been prepared for the Second Reading debate in the House of Commons on the Civil Aviation Bill, scheduled for 30 January 2012
12.07.2011Aviation: security
This Note gives an overview of how the UK and other governments are working to secure air transport from terrorist attacks. It includes information on the responses to 9/11 and subsequent terror attacks or attempted attacks, including the restrictions on hand luggage introduced in 2006 and the introduction of body scanners at UK airports in 2010.
13.06.2011Air transport statistics
Air Transport Statistics by Tom Rutherford (SN/SG/3760). This note looks in detail at trends in air travel in the UK and the latest official projections, passenger fatality rates; fares, air freight, energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. It includes some key facts on aviation's contribution to the economy and employment. Some international comparisons of air transport are also given.
02.03.2011Transport policy in 2011: a new direction?
This paper outlines the changes made to transport policy by the Conservative-Liberal Democrat Coalition Government and looks at some of the long term transport challenges the government is likely to face over the course of this Parliament.
14.02.2011Aviation: pilots and crew
This note covers licensing and hours of work for both pilots and other cabin crew following changes to the rules at European level. It does not cover industrial disputes.
11.06.2010Aviation: Manchester's second runway, 1993-2001
This short note briefly explains the debate surrounding Manchester Airport's application to build a second runway in the late 1990s.
10.06.2010Aviation: Concorde
This note describes the political and economic agreement between Britain and France to build and operate Concorde. It does not cover the technology.
27.05.2010Aviation: disruptive passengers
There are a number of offences that can be committed by aircraft passengers under the Air Navigation Order 2009, such as: entering an aircraft while drunk; being drunk on an aircraft; using threatening language or engaging in threatening behaviour; interfering with an aircraft or its crew; endangering an aircraft; and refusing to obey an order from the aircraft commander. Various penalties are available for these offences, as set out in the following note.
26.05.2010Aviation: nuisance from helicopters and light aircraft
This note summarises the law in respect of helicopter and light aircraft noise; safety when flying low over built up areas; planning for landing sites and routes of complaint if an aircraft breaches those rules.
19.05.2010Aviation: Eurocontrol air navigation charges
This note explains the single air navigation service charge legislated for in 2006 and implemented in full in January 2010.
18.05.2010Aviation: low cost airlines
This Note explains the legislative framework in which low cost airlines have flourished and looks at some of the issues associated with these airlines in recent years.
13.05.2010Aviation: European liberalisation, 1986-2002
This note traces the developments in the liberalisation of the air transport market within the European Union between 1986 and 2002.
07.04.2010Aviation: Open Skies
This note outlines the bilateral aviation agreements between the Uk and the United States and the Open Skies agreement between the EU and the US which superseded it.
19.03.2010Transport Policy in 2010: a rough guide
This paper gives an overview of transport policy in the UK in 2010. It examines a range of issues related to transport policy, including policy-makers, spending on and sources of funding for transport, the transport policy of the main political parties, and the challenges in formulating transport policy in 2010.
01.03.2010Eddington Transport Study
This note sets out the conclusions of the 2006 Eddington study into transport and the economy and subsequent responses to it.
04.02.2009Expansion of Heathrow Airport
This paper gives an overview of both the transport and environmental policy background in which this decision has been taken; the planning aspects of the proposal; its anticipated environmental impacts; and relevant statistical issues.
24.01.2008Aviation and Climate Change
Aviation and Climate Change. House of Commons Library Research Paper 08/08
23.06.2005Civil Aviation Bill (Bill 12 2005-06)
Civil Aviation Bill (Bill 12 2005-06). House of Commons Library research Paper 05/51
23.05.2005Transport (Wales) Bill (Bill 4 of 2005-06)
The Transport (Wales) Bill (Bill 4 of 2005-06). House of Commons Library Research Paper 05/36.
11.01.2005Transport (Wales) Bill (Bill 15 of 2004/05)
The Transport (Wales) Bill (Bill 15 of 2004/05). House of Commons Library Research Paper 05/04.
19.11.2001Anti-Terrorism Crime and Security Bill, Parts I,II,VIII,IX and XIII:Property security and crime (Bill 49 of 2001-02)
Anti-Terrorism Crime and Security Bill, Parts I,II,VIII,IX and XIII:Property security and crime (Bill 49 of 2001/02). House of Commons Library Research Paper 01/99.
13.12.1999Transport Bill (Bill 8 1999/2000)
The Transport Bill: Part I: national air traffic services (Bill 8 of 1999/2000). House of Commons Library Research Paper 99/102.