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Content published before December 2016

Commons Briefing Papers

19.09.2016The Philippines: September 2016 update
President Rodrigo Duterte took office at the end of June 2016 pledging to take a tough approach to criminals. Since then, over 3,000 people have been killed in his controversial 'war on drugs', about two-thirds at the hands of vigilantes. There have been protests both at home and abroad. Duterte is also pushing ahead with peace efforts in the south, where there has been a long-running insurgency, but observers worry that the new president could prove to be a 'loose cannon'.
12.07.2016The South China Sea dispute: July 2016 update
Southeast Asia is home to a range of complex territorial disputes, but the most intractable and combustible is the South China Sea dispute. Tensions between the rival countries have been on the rise in recent years. An Arbitral Tribunal constituted under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea has ruled in favour of the Philippines in a case brought by that country against China.
29.06.2016Nuclear Weapons - Country Comparisons
There are nine countries in the world that have nuclear weapons. Between them they possess an estimated 15,900 nuclear warheads. This paper is intended as a brief guide to which countries possess nuclear weapons and how they are seeking to either modernise or expand those capabilities. It is also part of a wider Library briefing series on nuclear weapons.
20.06.2016Burma: June 2016 update
Burma has a new government, with Aung San Suu Kyi, who embodies the country's long struggle for democracy and human rights, effectively at its head. Is this the new dawn that so many have been hoping for? It is certainly a time for optimism -- but many huge challenges remain.
08.06.2016Kashmir: June 2016 update
India-Pakistan relations remain fraught with danger and mistrust, not least over Kashmir. In September 2015, with regular exchanges of fire across the Line of Control and continuing armed attacks against the security forces in Indian Kashmir by Pakistan-based groups, Pakistan's prime minister, Nawaz Sharif, made more peace proposals. But India responded coolly at the time, arguing that Pakistan should end its support for terrorism first. Since then there has been little progress.
06.04.2016Bangladesh: April 2016 update
The Commons Library has published a briefing paper which looks at political and security developments in Bangladesh since the beginning of 2015. The ruling Awami League (AL) seems to be in the ascendancy, while its bitter rival, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), is in apparent retreat.
30.11.2015Pakistan: November 2015 update
The Pakistan Muslim League - Nawaz (PML-N) government, led by prime minister Nawaz Sharif, is now well into its third year in power. Its tenure has arguably seen a weakening of civilian authority, although there seems little prospect of a military coup. But the overall security situation within the country has improved markedly during 2015.
28.09.2015The Sustainable Development Goals and the post-2015 development agenda
On 25 September UN Member States agreed 17 'Sustainable Development Goals' at an extraordinary Summit of the UN General Assembly. At various points during the negotiations, the UK Government expressed concern that 17 goals was too many. Debates continue over how far the goals embody a 'transformational agenda'.
19.05.2015Key Issues for the 2015 Parliament
This book examines the key issues facing the House of Commons over the course of the 2015 Parliament - from the public finances to the UK's membership of the EU and from school places for children to climate change.
15.05.2015UK relations with Hong Kong: May 2015 update
This briefing surveys developments in Hong Kong since August 2014 and the UK's response. The Hong Kong Government is seeking approval for its proposals to elect the Chief Executive by universal suffrage in 2017. Critics argue that they are a sham.

Lords Library Notes

12.05.2016Queen's Speech 2016 Day 2: Foreign and European Affairs, International Development and Defence
The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen's Speech over four days between 19 and 25 May 2016. This briefing is one of four prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
05.12.2014Global Development Goals in 2015
On 11 December 2014, the House of Lords is scheduled to debate the following motion: 'that this House takes note of the case for establishing new global development goals in 2015'.
28.11.2011Debate on 1 December: International Development Policy and the Situation of Dalits
This Library Note provides an overview of the situation of Dalits in South Asia and looks at the issue of caste-based discrimination in India. It also examines the Government's international development policy for India, currently the largest recipient of UK development aid.
07.01.2011Debate on 13 January: Economic and Strategic Role of Turkey
This Library Note provides background reading for the debate on the economic and strategic role of Turkey in Europe and the Middle East.

Select Committee Reports

19.07.2011Trade and investment: China.
Business, Innovation and Skills Select Committee report [Commons]
12.07.2011Humanitarian response to the Pakistan floods.International
Government response. International Development Select Committee; Department for International Development report [Commons]
27.04.2011Humanitarian response to the Pakistan floods.
International Development Select Committee report [Commons]
06.07.2010DFID's Programme in Nepal.
Government response. Department for International Development report [Commons]
09.03.2010Stars and dragons: the EU and China.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]

Early Day Motions

That this House welcomes the continued increase in UK aid to Burma and the visit to Burma in 2011 by the Secretary of State for International Development; further welcomes political ...
That this House supports democracy and the rule of law; condemns the attempts by fringe elements in Bangladesh to undermine democracy and the rule of law through the use of violence; ...
That this House strongly condemns the Chinese security forces' unwarranted use of force including opening fire on unarmed demonstrators to quash peaceful protests in Tibet; is greatly ...
That this House is deeply concerned by recent events which have served to undermine the excellent relationship between India and the UK; notes that the Top Gear India Christmas Special, ...
That this House welcomes the steps taken by President Thein Sein to release some political prisoners, enter into ceasefire negotiations with armed ethnic groups and allow more political ...


  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses