Animal welfare

All Commons Briefing Papers
30 Documents
31.08.2016Badgers: Culls in England
The UK Government is committed to eradicating bovine TB and takes the view that badger culling in areas with high incidence of TB in cattle in England is an effective part of this strategy. Controlled shooting of badgers was trialed in Gloucestershire and Somerset in 2013 and 2014. In 2015, a badger cull continued in these two areas and was extended to a third area in Dorset. The Government has announced that badger control will take place over a wider number of areas in England in 2016. However, badger culling as a means of controlling TB in cattle remains a contentious policy.
11.08.2016Dangerous Dogs
An overview of dangerous dogs legislation.
29.04.2016Wild Animals In Circuses
This policy briefing provides information on the licensing scheme for wild animals in circuses, and proposals to legislate to ban the use of wild animals in circuses in England. The paper also outlines policy developments in the Devolved Administrations.
18.01.2016Animal Experiment Statistics
In 2014 3.8 million procedures were completed on regulated living animals representing a decrease of 6% compared to 2013. This note summarises and analyses trends in data, including the growth of universities as the dominant seat of research on animals, the decline of research for toxicological purposes, and the growth in animal procedures for cancer research.
03.11.2015Dog Meat Trade
13.07.2015Amending The Hunting Act 2004
Hunting with dogs was banned in England in 2004 under The Hunting Act. In July 2015 the Government announced that it intended to amend the legislation to amend the legislation.
18.02.2015Religious Slaughter of Animals
Religious slaughter of animals for food without pre-stunning is currently permitted in the UK for Muslim (Halal) and Jewish (Shechita) methods in line with permitted exemptions to EU slaughter regulations which require pre-stunning. In practice, around 80% of halal meat in the UK is from animals that have been pre-stunned. The UK Government has said that it would prefer all animals to be pre-stunned before slaughter on welfare grounds but it observes the rights of religious communities. However, animal welfare groups, including the British Veterinary Association and RSPCA are calling for an end to non-stun slaughter. All parties in the debate would like to see labelling of meat which provides more consumer information on the slaughter methods used.
13.01.2015Control of Horses Bill 2014-15
There are proposals to update fly-grazing legislation. This note covers the private Members' bill put forward by Julian Sturdy MP.
09.07.2014Beak Trimming Ban
Beak trimming is used to improve welfare in laying hen flocks. There are welfare concerns and the Goverment plans to ban the practice in 2016. Farmers are calling for the ban to be postponed
11.06.2014Badger Culling : Alternatives
TB vaccination of badgers and cattle: Policy in England and Wales and progress in developing useable vaccines
11.03.2014Badger Cullling: TB Control Policy
TB badger control policy in England and Wales.
11.03.2014Badger Culling: Krebs Trials and Policy to 2008
Randomised badger culling trials (RBCT) carried out by the previous Government and policy to 2008 summarised.
23.07.2013Export of Live Animals within the European Union
This notes summarises the rules governing the export of live animals within EU countries.
05.02.2013Horse Meat Controls and Regulations
This note covers the controls in place to ensure any horse meat entering the food chain is fit for human consumption, including details of horse passports
26.06.2012Animal Experiments: Stray and Feral Animals
This notes covers the transposition on the EU Directive on animal experiments and the concerns raised about stray animals.
this note covers issues of importance to sheep farming, including welfare, electronic tagging and diseases
This note covers problems faced by pig farmers, partly because of stricter welfare legislation in the UK than elsewhere in the European Union
11.06.2012Religious slaughter
This note deals with the concession allowing religious slaughter of animals without pre-stunning
05.03.2012Battery hens
Battery cages are widely used to keep hens that lay eggs. This note covers law, welfare issues and the EU ban on this practice from 2012.
22.02.2011Animal cloning
A number of commentators have raised concerns about the implications of animal cloning for food safety, food supply and animal welfare. Others stress that animal cloning has the potential to improve animal welfare and farming productivity. It may even be used in the conservation of endangered species. This note sets out background information on the different arguments and the regulatory controls on the use of this technology in food production.
08.02.2011Cosmetics Testing on Animals: EU Ban
This note covers a proposed EU ban on the use in cosmetics of any ingredients tested on animals. Currently ingredients tested on animals outside the EU are allowed but are due to be phased out by 2013.
01.07.2010Marine litter: 'continents' of rubbish
A large amount of plastic is accumulating in large areas of the sea. These areas have been dubbed 'great garbage patches' or 'plastic continents'. The long term environmental impacts of marine plastic pollution are unknown. There are concerns that it may lead to chemical contaminants entering the food chain, although more research is required.
16.01.2006Animal Welfare Bill (Bill 58 of 2005-06).
12.11.2004The Hunting Bill 2003/4 and the Parliament Act
The Hunting Bill 2003/4 and the Parliament Act. By Elena Ares and Richard Kelly. SN/SC/3181.
13.12.2002Hunting Bill (Bill 10 of 2002/03)
Hunting Bill. (Bill 10 of 2002/03). House of Commons Library Research Paper 02/82.
08.11.2001Animal Health Bill (Bill 39 of 2001-02)
Animal Health Bill (Bill 39 of 2001/02). House of Commons Library Research Paper 01/89.
14.12.2000Hunting Bill (Bill 2 of 2000/01)
Hunting Bill. (Bill 2 of 2000/01). House of Commons Library Research Paper 00/96. (Revised edition 19.12.00)
02.02.2000Export of Farm Animals Bill (Bill 11 of 1999/2000)
Export of Farm Animals Bill (Bill 20 of 1999/2000). House of Commons Library Research Paper 00/11.
14.01.2000Fur Farming (Prohibition) Bill (Bill 6 of 1999/2000)
Fur Farming (Prohibition) Bill (Bill 6 of 1999/2000). House of Commons Library Research Paper 00/4.
15.01.1998Animal Welfare
Animal welfare. House of Commons Library Research Paper 98/12.