Agriculture and environment

All Commons Briefing Papers
38 Documents
27.10.2016Grouse shooting
Grouse shooting takes place on moorlands managed for the birds. The Government believes that grouse shooting makes a significant economic, social and environmental contribution. However, others are concerned that grouse moor management is leading to environmental damage and the illegal killing of birds of prey. Two public petitions have been launched on this matter, on both sides of the argument. The Petitions Committee took evidence from witnesses on 18 October 2016, and a debate is scheduled for 31 October 2016.
31.08.2016Badgers: Culls in England
The UK Government is committed to eradicating bovine TB and takes the view that badger culling in areas with high incidence of TB in cattle in England is an effective part of this strategy. Controlled shooting of badgers was trialed in Gloucestershire and Somerset in 2013 and 2014. In 2015, a badger cull continued in these two areas and was extended to a third area in Dorset. The Government has announced that badger control will take place over a wider number of areas in England in 2016. However, badger culling as a means of controlling TB in cattle remains a contentious policy.
30.08.2016Food Waste: key facts, policy and trends in the UK
A House of Commons Library Briefing including some key food waste facts and trends; an explanation of the impacts of food waste; food waste policy and legislation; information on the UK voluntary initiatives in place to tackle food waste; and a summary of proposals for change.
09.05.2016Fly-tipping - the illegal dumping of waste
This Commons Library briefing paper gives a general overview of the extent of the problem of fly-tipping and the powers and responsibilities of the Environment Agency, local authorities and landowners to deal with it. In 2013/14 there was a significant increase in reported cases of fly-tipping across England and incidents increased again in 2014/15.
16.12.2015Solar farms: funding, planning and impacts
This Commons Library Briefing paper sets out recent policy updates and issues related to funding, the planning process and agricultural issues for solar farm developments.
27.11.2015Water Framework Directive: achieving good status of water bodies
This Commons Library Briefing Paper examines the requirements of the Water Framework Directive, including the requirement that the UK achieves 'good' status of all water bodies by 2015. It sets out some facts and figures for England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, explains how water quality is measured and discusses what happens if the requirements are not met. The actions being taken by the Government to manage and improve water quality are also explained and a brief explanation of the offence of water pollution is included.
13.05.2015Bovine Tuberculosis Statistics: Great Britain
In 2014 there were 4,700 new herd incidents of bovine tuberculosis (TB) in Great Britain, and 4.2% of tests on TB-free herds led to TB-free status being withdrawn. This note presents statistics measuring the incidence of bovine TB in Great Britain.
18.12.2014Septic tanks: new regulations
This note explains the legislation relating to septic tanks in England.
01.12.2014The Forestry Commission and the sale of public forests in England
This note sets out information on the sale of public forests managed by the Forestry Commission
17.11.2014Flood defence spending in England
A House of Commons Library Paper on Flood defence spending in England as at 2014.
30.10.2014CAP reform 2014-20: EU Agreement and Implementation in the UK and in Ireland (updated)
CAP reform 2014-2020 has been agreed and is now being implemented. This paper sets out stakeholder reaction and key implementation decisions for the four countries of the UK, and also of Ireland. It updates the November 2013 version which was prepared as government consultations on implementation were still on-going.
03.07.2014Common Agricultural Policy Reforms 2014-2020: Implementation Decisions in the UK
11.06.2014Badger Culling : Alternatives
TB vaccination of badgers and cattle: Policy in England and Wales and progress in developing useable vaccines
21.05.2014EU Bibliographies: Proposed reform of the Common Agricultural Policy
This Note brings together documents relevant to the proposals to reform the Common Agricultural Policy and its scrutiny in the UK and EU. It is not an attempt to define policy in this area. For information on policy developments contact Emma Downing on extn 6787
11.03.2014Badger Cullling: TB Control Policy
TB badger control policy in England and Wales.
11.03.2014Badger Culling: Krebs Trials and Policy to 2008
Randomised badger culling trials (RBCT) carried out by the previous Government and policy to 2008 summarised.
20.11.2013CAP reform 2014-2020: EU Agreement and Implementation in the UK and in Ireland
A new CAP refrorm package has been agreed for 2014-2020. This paper sets out the reactions and emerging implementation decisions of the four countries of the UK, and also of Ireland.
14.08.2013CAP Reform 2014-2020: Reaching Agreement
Political agreement was reached on the major elements of the reform of the Common Agriculural Policy for 2014-2020 on 26 June 2013. This note sets out the main elements of the agreement with stakeholder comment. Some issues are still being discussed at European level following overall EU budget agreements and the flexibility of the reform deal means that key implmenentation decisions are to follow in the UK.
This note summarises policy on biomass generation
05.02.2013Bin collection - Alternate weekly collection
Waste collection can be a contentious issue, particularly when local authorities decide to move away from weekly bin collection to alternate weekly collection (AWC). This note describes the reasons why authorities have chosen to do this, and related issues including the recently announced Weekly Collections Support Scheme.
17.01.2013Antarctic Bill - Committee Stage
The Antarctic Bill is presented as a Private Member's Bill by Neil Carmichael MP. This note sets out the issues discussed in the Bill Committee on 21 November 2012. These included: the timing of the enactment of the provisions relating to the liability annex, compatibility with existing shipping liability provisions, and the wider issue of the future of the British Antarctic Survey.
11.10.2012Food Prices and Affordability
Food prices have hit historic peaks in the last few years. This note sets out recent trends internationally, UK policy responses and the follow through to UK prices and spending habits.
05.09.2012Cormorants and fisheries
This short note sets out the background to a current review of predation at fisheries by fish-eating birds, which is being undertaken by Defra. The Angling Trust's Action on Cormorants campaign has resulted in many Members receiving representations on this subject.
12.07.2012Horticulture and Orchards
This note deals with several issues related to horticulture, including the problem of invasive species and the supply of foreign workers
21.06.2012Organic farming
Organic farming. By Christopher Barclay. SN/SC/1203.
18.05.2012Agriculture and Climate Change
This note covers some predictions of the effect of climate change on UK agriculture and forestry
This note introduces issues surrounding biofuel policy in the UK and EU.
13.04.2011How UK farmers could reduce greenhouse gas emissions
This note considers ways that farmers might reduce their consisderable emissions of greenhouse gases, mainly methane
17.03.2011Wreck Removal Convention Bill 2010-11
This note briefly describes the Wreck Removal Convention Bill 2010-11; a Private Members' Bill sponsored by Dr Th&eacuterèse Coffey MP. The Bill provides measures to enable the United Kingdom to ratify and implement the International Convention for the Removal of Wrecks. It would insert new sections and a Schedule into the Merchant Shipping Act 1995.
22.02.2011Animal cloning
A number of commentators have raised concerns about the implications of animal cloning for food safety, food supply and animal welfare. Others stress that animal cloning has the potential to improve animal welfare and farming productivity. It may even be used in the conservation of endangered species. This note sets out background information on the different arguments and the regulatory controls on the use of this technology in food production.
10.11.2010Sustainable Livestock Bill. Bill 5 of 2010-11 Public Bodies (Sustainable Food) Bill. Bill 12 of 2010-11
The Sustainable Livestock Bill aims to reduce the environmental impacts of livestock production in the UK. It also aims to amend the way agricultural subsidies are used to make them more environmentally friendly. It includes a duty to give consideration to supporting sustainable practices and consumption through public procurement of livestock produce. The Public Bodies (Sustainable Food) Bill would create a duty on the Secretary of State to prepare a Code for Sustainable Food to promote the procurement of healthy and sustainable food by public bodies. This could be made compulsory if uptake was not extensive enough.
10.03.2010Dealing with nuisance trees and hedges
This note sets out the options available to homeowners to deal with nuisance trees and hedges. It includes details of high hedges legislation
05.08.2009Biochar and climate change
This note briefly introduces biochar as a measure to tackle climate change.
03.02.2009Nitrate Vulnerable Zones
This note discusses the stricter rules on farming practices and the use of nitrates resulting from belated implementation of an EU Directive
02.06.2005Natural Environment and Rural Communities Bill (Bill 3 2005-06)
Natural Environment and Rural Communities Bill (Bill 3 2005-06). House of Commons Library Research Paper 05/39
10.10.2002Sustainable development and the 2002 World Summit
Sustainable development and the 2002 World Summit. House of Commons Library Research Paper 02/55.
31.03.1999Genetically modified crops and food
Genetically modified crops and food. House of Commons Library Research Paper 99/38.
24.06.1998Agriculture and the Environment
Agriculture and the Environment. House of Commons Library Research Paper 98/70.