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Content published before December 2016

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on Afghanistan. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

27.10.2015Afghanistan: back on the agenda?
As the Taliban has made gains and ISIS has a foothold in Afghanistan, the US has announced that it will not withdraw its troops so quickly as planned.
11.09.2015Overview of military drones used by the UK Armed Forces
Remotely Piloted or Unmanned Aircraft, more commonly known as drones, have been described as the most contentious conventional weapons system currently in use. This note provides an overview of their use by the UK armed forces.
12.09.2014NATO Wales Summit 2014: outcomes
The 2014 NATO Wales Summit discussed Russia, Ukraine, Iraq, defence spending amongst allies and the end of combat operations in Afghanistan.
25.07.2014NATO Summit Wales 2014
The 2014 NATO Summit will be in Newport, Wales, in September.
19.03.2014Prospects for Afghanistan as ISAF withdrawal approaches
2014 is a pivotal year for Afghanistan, with a crucial presidential election in April and the end of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) combat mission in December. Security overall is deteriorating in Afghanistan and although the Afghan National Security Forces are taking the lead, questions remain about their effectiveness and the government's dependence on international help to pay for them. It is unclear whether there will be any Western military presence after 2014. Negotiations with the Taliban do not seem to offer much hope.
05.03.2014Afghan women 2014
Many observers fear that limited gains in women's rights in Afghanistan are already being reversed and that the situation may become worse after the end of 2014.
24.05.2013In brief: UK withdrawal from Afghanistan
The drawdown of British troops in Afghanistan has begun. The number of British troops in Afghanistan will be reduced to 5,200 by the end of 2013.
01.10.2012The cost of international military operations by the UK (2001-2013)
This note provides a summary of the estimated and actual costs of international military operations conducted by the UK in Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya. The paper includes information on Urgent Operational Requirements (UOR) as well as comparisons with US expenditure. Comprehensive analysis of policy developments concerning Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya can be found on the associated Topic pages.
18.09.2012In Brief: Afghanistan - insider attacks
This note looks at the rising number of insider attacks against ISAF personnel in Afghanistan and the response from ISAF and the Government.
09.07.2012Afghanistan: The Timetable for Security Transition
NATO assumed command of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan in August 2003. At its summit in Chicago in May 2012, NATO confirmed ISAF's mission will end on 31 December 2014. It also mapped out the transition of security for Afghanistan from ISAF to Afghan National Security Forces. Specifically, it set the goal for Afghan forces to be in the lead for security nation-wide by mid-2013.

Lords Library Notes

27.11.2015United Kingdom's Role in Supporting International Security and Stability
This Library Note has been prepared in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on 3 December 2015: "that this House takes note of the United Kingdom's role in supporting international security and stability in the light of the Strategic Defence and Security Review".
11.03.2013Debate on 14 March: Afghanistan's Regional Relationships
Afghanistan lies at the heart of Central Asia. Since the invasion by Western-led forces in 2001, its relationships with its regional neighbours have been mixed: at times characterised by co-operation, at others by competing national interests. This Note explores those relationships in the context of Afghanistan's current security, political and economic situation, focusing particularly on key actors such as Pakistan and efforts to encourage dialogue and co-operation, and examines the potential impact of these regional dynamics on Afghanistan's future stability and prosperity.


03.02.2016Psychological Health of Military Personnel
A POSTnote which examines the impact of military service on the psychological health of serving personnel, reservists, veterans and their families. It outlines what is known about the effectiveness of interventions, and highlights areas for further research.

Select Committee Reports

06.07.2011UK operations in Afghanistan.
Defence Select Committee report [Commons]
04.05.2011The UK's foreign policy approach to Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Government response. Foreign and Commonwealth Office report [Commons]
09.02.2011The UK's foreign policy approach to Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Foreign Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
01.02.2011The EU's police mission in Afghanistan.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
02.10.2009Global security: Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Government response. Foreign and Commonwealth Office report [Commons]

Early Day Motions

That this House notes the brave and loyal service of Lance Corporal Michael Sheard of 207 Signals Squadron who served in Helmand Province between March and October this year; resolves ...
That this House notes the bravery and distinguished service undertaken by the armed forces from all across the UK, particularly in recent years in Afghanistan; is acutely aware of the ...
20.06.2011BRIAN HAW
That this House notes the endurance of Brian Haw; remembers too the dedication of Lieutenant-Commander Bill Boaks who, before his death 25 years ago, dedicated his life to road casualty ...
That this House notes with sadness the passing of Brian Haw, whose protest camp in Parliament Square, initially against the Iraq and Afghanistan wars and then all wars, has stood for ...
That this House recognises the sterling work that is being carried out in training the Afghan Police Force; understands that it is imperative that there is adequate funding not only ...


  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses