English Votes for English Laws (EVEL)

The EVEL process is designed to ensure that legislation that affects only England, or England and Wales, is approved by a majority of MPs representing English constituencies, or English and Welsh constituencies. It also applies to legislation introducing a tax measure that affects only England, Wales and Northern Ireland, which must be approved by a majority of MPs representing constituencies in those areas.

EVEL may apply to a whole bill, specific clauses or schedules, Lords amendments, a statutory instrument, or specific Budget resolutions.

Two tests must be met for EVEL to apply:

  • The first test is that the bill (or clause or schedule of the bill), statutory instrument or Budget resolution relates exclusively to England (or England and Wales, or England, Wales and Northern Ireland).
  • The second test is that it is “within devolved legislative competence”.  In other words, that the Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales or the Northern Ireland Assembly could legislate in their territories on the same matter.

  • About Parliament: EVEL Commons bill procedure
  • Related glossary term: Statutory instruments


« Back to Glossary