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Dissolution of Parliament

The dissolution of Parliament took place on Thursday 30 May 2024. All business in the House of Commons and House of Lords has come to an end. There are currently no MPs and every seat in the Commons is vacant until after the general election on 4 July 2024.

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By-elections

Selected letter B

A by-election is an election that takes place if a seat in the House of Commons becomes vacant between one General Election and the next. If, for example, an MP dies, is recalled or becomes ineligible to sit during a Parliament, an election is held in the affected constituency to choose a replacement. This is known as a by-election.

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Who works in Parliament?