POST corrections

Below is a list of recent corrections made to POSTnotes:

POSTnote 580: Small Modular Nuclear Reactors

  • On page 3, the title was amended from "Safety and Regulatory Considerations" to "Safety, Planning and Regulation" on 23 July 2018.
  • On page 4, the text in Box 5 was amended from "Licensing takes around seven years and consists of a two-step process:" to "The regulatory process may take six or more years pre-construction. It comprises three elements:" on 23 July 2018.
  • On page 4, the text in bullet point 1, Box 5 was amended from "the GDA is carried out by the Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR) and Environment Agency (EA). The safety case made by vendors of a reactor design is assessed to ensure…" to "During pre-licensing, the GDA is carried out by the Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR) and Environment Agency (EA). The safety case made by vendors of a reactor design is assessed to ensure…" on 23 July 2018.
  • On page 4, the text in Box 5 was amended from "In 2018, the UK Government announced it would provide the ONR £12 million" to "In 2017, the UK Government announced it would provide regulators £7 million" on 23 July 2018.
  • On page 4, the text was amended from "The UK licensing process takes into account…" to "The UK planning process takes into account…" on 23 July 2018.

POSTnote 578: Biometric Technologies

  • On page 4, the text was amended from "The Home Office's new Biometrics Strategy says that the HOB programme (Box 5) will enable automatic deletion of custody images" to "In its Biometrics Strategy, the Home Office has said that it will enable more efficient review and automatic deletion of custody images by linking them to conviction status" on 11 July 2018.

POSTnote 575: Fire Safety of Construction Products

  • On page 1, the text was amended from "The review published an Interim Report in December 2017, with a final report expected in Spring 2018" to "The review, led by Dame Judith Hackitt, published an Interim Report in December 2017 and a final report in May 2018" on 30 May 2018.
  • On page 1, the text was amended from "an Independent Reference Group is reviewing safety aspects of tower blocks in Northern Ireland" to "an Independent Reference Group was established to review safety aspects of tower blocks in Northern Ireland" on 30 May 2018.
  • On page 4, references to "The Interim Report" were changed to "The Hackitt Review" on 30 May 2018.
  • On page 3 in Box 4, the text was amended from "Euroclass tests classify combustible materials from B to E (B has the lowest contribution to flame spread)" to "Euroclass tests classify combustible materials from B (best performance) to E (poorest performance)" on 11 July 2018.

POSTnote 573: Health in Private-Rented Housing

  • On page 3, the text underneath the heading Making homes more energy efficient "From April 2018, landlords in England and Wales must ensure their properties are at least at EPC rating C before letting to a new tenant." was amended to the following: "From April 2018, landlords in England and Wales must ensure their properties are at least at EPC rating E before letting to a new tenant." on 24 April 2018.

    POSTnote 570: Parental Alcohol Misuse and Children

    • On page 3, the text "A freedom of information request by the All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) for the Children of Alcoholics (COA) to local authorities in England found that none of the 138 respondents had a specific strategy to support children affected by PAM" was amended to include recently published findings from a further freedom of information request undertaken by the APPG for COA: "A freedom of information request by the All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) for the Children of Alcoholics (COA) to local authorities in England found that less than half of the 126 respondents had a specific strategy to support children affected by PAM. This compares to 2015, when three-quarters of the 138 responding local authorities did not have a strategy to support children affected by PAM" on 14 Feb 2018.

    POSTnote 565: Decarbonising the Gas Network

    • Table 1: Estimated Carbon Footprint of Gases was amended. "Biomethane (average estimate)" had a carbon footprint listed of 2.1 gCO2/kWh. This was amended to -50 to 450 gCO2/kWh on 29 Nov 2017.
    • Table 1: Estimated Carbon Footprint of Gases was amended. "Biomethane (with propane addition)" was removed and replaced with the carbon footprint needed for RHI eligibility, of <125 gco2 kwh> on 29 Nov 2017.
    • On the third page, "The average carbon footprint of biomethane is around 1% that of natural gas. However, individual footprints can vary widely depending on the type of biomass, processing, and accounting method used to produce biomethane." was amended to "Individual footprints can vary widely depending on the type of biomass, processing, and accounting method used to produce biomethane. However, the carbon footprint of biomethane injected to the grid must be below a threshold (Table 1) to be eligible for RHI subsidy" on 29 Nov 2017.

    POSTnote 563: Mental Health Service Models for Young People

    • On page 3, Box 3, "I-THRIVE is an evidence-based approach to implementing the THRIVE framework. It reaches 47% of CYP in England, aiming to help local areas to improve their services effectively and cost-efficiently, and provides training and a community of practice where all members can learn from each other" was amended to "I-THRIVE is an evidence-based approach to implementing the THRIVE framework that is potentially accessible to 47% of CYP in England. It aims to help local areas to improve their services and provides training and a community of practice where all members can learn from each other" on 08 Feb 2018.

    POSTnote 556: Security of UK Food Supply

    • On the first page, "However, there is agreement that UK self-sufficiency in indigenous foods (those that can be produced in the UK) has been falling since the early 1990s and that a diversity of import markets is needed to achieve food security." was amended to "However, there is agreement that UK self-sufficiency in indigenous foods (those that can be produced in the UK) has been falling since the early 1990s and an increase in the diversity of international suppliers importing into the UK is needed to achieve food security" on 05 Jan 2018.
    • In the overview, "A new agriculture policy was announced in the Queen’s Speech to replace the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and make decisions on farming subsidies." was amended to "Intentions for a new agriculture policy were announced in the Queen’s Speech to replace the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and make decisions on farming subsidies." on 05 Jan 2018.

    POSTnote 544: Research Integrity

    • On the first page, "While deliberate fraud does occur (such as that involving Andrew Wakefield, whose 1998 paper suggested a potential link between the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine and autism), it is thought to be extremely rare (Box 1)." was amended to "While fraud may occur, it is thought to be extremely rare. In 1998 a paper published in the Lancet claimed a potential link between the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine and autism. The Lancet fully retracted the paper in 2010 on the grounds that ‘several elements of the 1998 paper by Wakefield et al.’ were ‘incorrect’. A 2011 British Medical Journal article argued lead author Andrew Wakefield perpetrated fraud" on 08 Jan 2018. Novel references for this amendment are available in the text.

    POSTnote 542: Natural Capital

    • On the third page, "However, others argue that assets are likely to be managed for their monetary values only, rather than their intrinsic (non-use) values that are difficult to measure financially..." was amended to "However, others argue that assets are likely to be managed for their monetary values only, rather than values that are difficult to measure financially.." on 01 Feb 2017.