Written questions and answers

Written questions allow Members of Parliament to ask government ministers for information on the work, policy and activities of government departments.

Historical written answers can be found in Hansard.

Find the latest written questions and answers for the 2019 session below. We welcome your feedback on this service.

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Unique Identifying Number – Every written question in the House of Commons has a UIN per Parliament. In the House of Lords each written questions has a UIN per parliamentary session.
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Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 28 October 2019
Department of Health and Social Care
Health: Screening
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, with reference to the Written Statement on the Publication of Professor Sir Mike Richards’ Review of National Adult Screening Programmes, Official Report, HCWS11, when sole responsibility for the delivery of adult screening programmes will be transferred to NHS England.
A
Answered by: Jo Churchill
Answered on: 05 November 2019

We are currently reviewing the recommendations made in Professor Sir Mike Richards’ report and are working closely with NHS England and NHS Improvement, Public Health England and other partners across the health system to develop an implementation plan, which we expect to publish early next year. This will ensure that any proposed changes can be implemented smoothly and without compromising the safety and efficacy of our current screening programmes.

Q
(Huddersfield)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 31 October 2019
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Soil: Conservation
Commons
What plans she has to (a) evaluate and (b) tackle soil degradation.
A
Answered by: Rebecca Pow
Answered on: 05 November 2019

Defra’s 25 Year Environment Plan (25 YEP) sets out our ambition to sustainably manage our soils by 2030. The 25 YEP indicator framework will measure and evaluate ‘Healthy Soils’. We are currently funding research to develop these indicators and accompanying monitoring plans. These will further inform policy for tackling soil degradation. We are already taking action to enhance and protect soil. Defra’s Farming Rules for Water protects soil through measures on erosion control and fertiliser application.

Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 28 October 2019
Department for Education
Higher Education
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, with reference to his oral answer of 9 September 2019, Official Report, column 476, which higher education institutions the Government is working closely with; and what steps his Department is taking to help ensure the diversity of (a) the higher education sector and (b) small and specialist education institutions in the event of the UK leaving the EU without an agreement.
A
Answered by: Chris Skidmore
Answered on: 04 November 2019

The Department for Education is working closely with higher education (HE) representative bodies – including Universities UK, GuildHE, Independent HE, Russell Group and others, representing the full spectrum of HE providers across the UK – to ensure we communicate the government’s Brexit guidance, including on No Deal, effectively to providers. Through the Office for Students, we have also communicated guidance to all HE providers on its register for providers.

On 28 October, we updated our GOV.UK page to help providers understand the action they need to take. This links to wider government guidance on the range of issues providers need to consider, from helping EU staff and students to continue living in the UK after 2020 to how to register for the government’s guarantee on Erasmus+ funding. This page can be found here and we will continue to keep it updated: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/eu-exit-no-deal-preparations-for-higher-education-institutions/eu-exit-no-deal-preparations-for-higher-education-institutions.

Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 21 October 2019
Home Office
Police: Mental Health Services
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what mental health support is made available to police officers; and what statistics her Department holds on the suicide rate of police officers.
A
Answered by: Kit Malthouse
Answered on: 29 October 2019

The Government takes the issue of police wellbeing, including mental health, very seriously and has invested in programmes which offer help directly to officers and staff.

In July 2017 the Home Office awarded £7.5 million from the Police Transformation Fund to the College of Policing to pilot and fund a National Police Wellbeing Service (NPWS). The NPWS was launched in April 2019 and has developed evidence-based guidance, advice, tools and resources which can be accessed by forces, as well as individual officers and staff. These include resources to help forces better support officers and staff who are experiencing mental health problems.

We have also set out a vision for a new Police Covenant, recognising the bravery and commitment of officers who work night and day to keep us safe. We plan to focus on physical protection for officers, their health and wellbeing and support for their families.

The Home Office does not centrally hold information on the number of police officers taking their own lives.

The Office for National Statistics publish data on suicide by occupation in England. The latest release can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/datasets/suicidebyoccupationenglandsupplementarydatatables

Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 21 October 2019
Department for Transport
Railways: Trespass and Vandalism
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, how many people have been prosecuted for (a) trespass on and (b) vandalism of railways in each of the last 10 years.
A
Answered by: Chris Heaton-Harris
Answered on: 29 October 2019

British Transport Police (BTP) collect data on crimes on the rail network in Great Britain. The table below shows the number of prosecutions for trespass, criminal damage and graffiti. BTP are only able to provide an accurate data set for the last 5-year period due to a change in crime recording systems.

BTP has responsibility for the railway in England, Scotland and Wales. The figures below therefore do not include Northern Ireland.

BTP Number of Criminal Damage, Graffiti and Trespass Crimes that Led to a Prosecution by Outcome Date from 01/04/2014 to 31/03/2019

Policing Year by Outcome Date (1st April to 31st March)

Crime Group

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

03A Criminal Damage Offences

228

151

181

202

264

03B Graffiti Offences

431

95

71

97

24

Trespass Offences

587

449

263

393

382

Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 21 October 2019
Ministry of Justice
Television: Licensing
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, what number and proportion of committal orders made by Magistrates’ Courts in England and Wales for default of payment of fines have arisen from a TV licence evasion conviction in each year since 1995.
A
Answered by: Chris Philp
Answered on: 29 October 2019

This information could only be obtained at disproportionate cost.

Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 21 October 2019
Ministry of Justice
Television: Licensing
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many (a) prosecutions and (b) convictions there were for the non-payment of TV licence fees (i) in total and (ii) of women in each year from 1999 to 2009.
A
Answered by: Chris Philp
Answered on: 28 October 2019

The number of prosecutions, convictions and sentencing outcomes for Television licence evasion for each year from 2008 to 2018 are available in the Outcomes by Offence data tool: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/802314/outcomes-by-offence-tool-2018.xlsx

  • Select ‘191A Television licence evasion’ in the Offence filter; prosecutions can be found in row 24 and convictions are in row 25.
  • To see these figures for females, select ’02: Female’ in the Sex filter.

The number of people prosecuted and convicted for TV licence evasion in the years between 1999 and 2007 by sex can be found in the attached tables.

Table (Excel SpreadSheet, 22.96 KB)
Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 21 October 2019
Ministry of Justice
Television: Licensing
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many (a) people and (b) women have been imprisoned by Magistrates’ Courts in England and Wales for the non-payment of TV licence evasion fines in each month in (i) each year since 1995 and (ii) 2019 to date.
A
Answered by: Chris Philp
Answered on: 28 October 2019

The information requested can be found in the table attached. Furthermore, Sentencing is a matter for independent judges who take the full facts of each case into account.

Table (Excel SpreadSheet, 24.14 KB)
Grouped Questions: 3552
Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 21 October 2019
Ministry of Justice
Committal Proceedings
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many committal orders were made by Magistrates’ Courts in England and Wales against women for default of payment of fines (a) in total (b) in relation to a conviction for the non-payment of (i) a TV licence fee fine and (ii) council tax in each year since 1995.
A
Answered by: Chris Philp
Answered on: 28 October 2019

HMCTS can provide data from 2009. Information prior to 2009 is held on legacy systems and is not collated centrally. Such data could only be provided at disproportionate cost.

The number of committal orders made (counted by committal warrants issued) for default of payment of fines since 2009 is below. It is not possible to extract information about committal warrants issued in relation to a conviction for the non-payment of a TV Licence fee without disproportionate cost.

The number of committal orders made (determined as committal warrants issued) in relation to the non-payment of council tax is also below.

Year

Total number of Fine Default Committal Warrants Issued

Number of Fine Default Committal Warrants Issued against females.

Total Number of Council Tax Committal Warrants Issued

Number of Council Tax Committal Warrants Issued against females.

2009 1

9,757

943

89

21

2010

13,117

1,142

122

43

2011

13,572

1,182

108

33

2012

14,169

1,234

107

38

2013

13,376

1,245

108

36

2014

14,122

1,236

89

29

2015

12,767

1,085

69

22

2016

12,463

1,043

112

42

2017

11,837

844

41

11

2018

9,308

548

16

~

2019 2

3,651

208

8

~

1 2009 is for the period 1st April to 31st December 2009.

2 2019 is for the period 1st January to 30th June 2019:

Data Notes:

  • Data are taken from a live management information system and can change over time.
  • Data are management information and are not subject to the same level of checks as official statistics.
  • The data provided are the most recent available and for that reason might differ slightly from any previously published information.
  • The Fine Default and Council Tax data provided is a count of the number of committal warrants issued.
  • For data from 1st April 2009 onwards, TV Licensing is the prosecutor, and the enforcer of the debt, so they would hold the detail that is required. HMCTS is only able to provide the number of prosecutions brought by the TV Licensing, and how many resulted in imprisonment.
  • Information as to outstanding debt is not recorded within HMCTS statistics available through Libra. Files not destroyed under the retention schedule (e.g. within three years old) would have to be checked on a court by court basis.
  • It is possible to identify committals in relation to Council Tax because Council Tax data is not a subset of the Fine Enforcement data; it is based on a Civil process in the magistrates’ courts rather than the enforcement of unpaid fines, and hence has different Libra offence codes.
  • Information prior to 1st April 2009 is held on legacy systems and is not collated centrally.
  • The data extract for this PQ included gender. However, generic titles such as Doctor, Reverend etc which would not determine the gender are not included within the data. Therefore, only where Female has been specified has this been used in the Female table.
Grouped Questions: 3554
Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 21 October 2019
Ministry of Justice
Television: Licensing
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many and what proportion of TV licence fee evasion cases have been dealt with under the single justice procedure in each year since 2015.
A
Answered by: Chris Philp
Answered on: 28 October 2019

The number and proportion of cases dealt with via the Single Justice Procedure for TV licence fee evasion cases in each year from 2015 to 2019 is as follows:

Calendar Year

Total TVL Cases

SJP TVL Case

% of cases via SJP

2015

190,940

-

0%

2016

174,315

68,997

39.6%

2017

140,083

134,084

95.7%

2018

131,195

126,509

96.4%

20191

63,764

61,462

96.4%

12019 is for the period 1 January to 30th June

Data Notes:

  • a. Data are taken from a live management information system and can change over time.
  • b. Data are management information and are not subject to the same level of check as official statistics.
  • c. The data provided are the most recent available and for that reason might differ slightly from any previously published information.
  • d. Cases received on new systems for the period December 2018 to June 2019 have been included.

Grouped Questions: 3553
Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 21 October 2019
Ministry of Justice
Television: Licensing
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many defendants charged with TV licence fee evasion entered (a) a guilty plea, (b) a not guilty plea and (c) no plea in each year since 1999.
A
Answered by: Chris Philp
Answered on: 28 October 2019

HMCTS can provide data from 2009. Information prior to 2009 is held on legacy systems and is not collated centrally. Such data could only be provided at disproportionate cost.

The number of defendants charged with TV licence fee evasion who entered (a) a guilty plea, (b) a not guilty plea and (c) no plea in each year since 2009 and of those, how many were female is as follows:

ALL

FEMALE

Guilty Plea2

Not Guilty Plea3

No Plea4

Total

Guilty Plea2

Not Guilty Plea3

No Plea4

Total

2009 1

26,654

1,299

97,062

125,015

19,274

741

63,481

83,496

2010

32,587

1,176

128,772

162,535

23,232

671

84,696

108,599

2011

34,367

634

136,075

171,076

24,369

341

89,882

114,592

2012

37,668

714

154,706

193,088

26,524

382

102,442

129,348

2013

38,369

772

139,505

178,646

27,846

426

94,622

122,894

2014

40,961

960

144,069

185,990

29,836

564

99,033

129,433

2015

38,040

1,450

151,434

190,924

27,519

849

104,989

133,357

2016

32,727

1,882

139,703

174,312

24,000

1,098

97,994

123,092

2017

25,576

1,826

112,672

140,074

19,030

1,055

79,713

99,798

2018

21,752

1,793

107,646

131,191

16,331

1,055

77,258

94,644

2019 1

12,002

856

54,176

67,034

9,155

503

39,343

49,001

1 2009 is for the period 1st April to 31st December 2009 & 2019 is for the period 1st January to 30th June 2019:

2Guilty Pleas includes:

Guilty

Guilty Single Justice Procedure

Plea changed to Guilty, previous plea Not Guilty

3Not Guilty Pleas Includes

Guilty plea withdrawn, plea now Not Guilty

Not Guilty

4No Plea Includes

No plea

Unfit to Plead Plea field is blank

Data Notes:

a. Data are taken from a live management information system and can change over time.

b. Data are management information and are not subject to the same level of checks as official statistics.

c. The data provided are the most recent available and for that reason might differ slightly from any previously published information.

d. The data extract for this PQ included gender. However the values of Male, Female and Not Specified have been returned and whilst salutations could be used to try to identify gender, there are generic titles such as Doctor, Reverend etc which would not determine the gender. Therefore only where Female has been specified, has this been used in the Female table.

e. Cases received on new systems for the period December 2018 to June 2019 have been included.

Grouped Questions: 2684
Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 21 October 2019
Ministry of Justice
Television: Licensing
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many female defendants charged with TV licence fee evasion entered (a) a guilty plea, (b) a not guilty plea and (c) no plea in each year since 1999.
A
Answered by: Chris Philp
Answered on: 28 October 2019

HMCTS can provide data from 2009. Information prior to 2009 is held on legacy systems and is not collated centrally. Such data could only be provided at disproportionate cost.

The number of defendants charged with TV licence fee evasion who entered (a) a guilty plea, (b) a not guilty plea and (c) no plea in each year since 2009 and of those, how many were female is as follows:

ALL

FEMALE

Guilty Plea2

Not Guilty Plea3

No Plea4

Total

Guilty Plea2

Not Guilty Plea3

No Plea4

Total

2009 1

26,654

1,299

97,062

125,015

19,274

741

63,481

83,496

2010

32,587

1,176

128,772

162,535

23,232

671

84,696

108,599

2011

34,367

634

136,075

171,076

24,369

341

89,882

114,592

2012

37,668

714

154,706

193,088

26,524

382

102,442

129,348

2013

38,369

772

139,505

178,646

27,846

426

94,622

122,894

2014

40,961

960

144,069

185,990

29,836

564

99,033

129,433

2015

38,040

1,450

151,434

190,924

27,519

849

104,989

133,357

2016

32,727

1,882

139,703

174,312

24,000

1,098

97,994

123,092

2017

25,576

1,826

112,672

140,074

19,030

1,055

79,713

99,798

2018

21,752

1,793

107,646

131,191

16,331

1,055

77,258

94,644

2019 1

12,002

856

54,176

67,034

9,155

503

39,343

49,001

1 2009 is for the period 1st April to 31st December 2009 & 2019 is for the period 1st January to 30th June 2019:

2Guilty Pleas includes:

Guilty

Guilty Single Justice Procedure

Plea changed to Guilty, previous plea Not Guilty

3Not Guilty Pleas Includes

Guilty plea withdrawn, plea now Not Guilty

Not Guilty

4No Plea Includes

No plea

Unfit to Plead Plea field is blank

Data Notes:

a. Data are taken from a live management information system and can change over time.

b. Data are management information and are not subject to the same level of checks as official statistics.

c. The data provided are the most recent available and for that reason might differ slightly from any previously published information.

d. The data extract for this PQ included gender. However the values of Male, Female and Not Specified have been returned and whilst salutations could be used to try to identify gender, there are generic titles such as Doctor, Reverend etc which would not determine the gender. Therefore only where Female has been specified, has this been used in the Female table.

e. Cases received on new systems for the period December 2018 to June 2019 have been included.

Grouped Questions: 2683
Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 22 October 2019
Ministry of Justice
Television: Licensing
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many (a) people and (b) women were sent to prison for the non-payment of a magistrates’ court fine arising from a conviction for evasion of payment of TV licence fees in each year since 1995.
A
Answered by: Chris Philp
Answered on: 28 October 2019

The information requested can be found in the table attached. Furthermore, Sentencing is a matter for independent judges who take the full facts of each case into account.

Table (Excel SpreadSheet, 24.14 KB)
Grouped Questions: 2679
Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 22 October 2019
Ministry of Justice
Television: Licensing
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, what proportion of cases dealt with via the Single Justice Procedure are TV licence fee evasion cases in each year from 2015 to 2019.
A
Answered by: Chris Philp
Answered on: 28 October 2019

The number and proportion of cases dealt with via the Single Justice Procedure for TV licence fee evasion cases in each year from 2015 to 2019 is as follows:

Calendar Year

Total TVL Cases

SJP TVL Case

% of cases via SJP

2015

190,940

-

0%

2016

174,315

68,997

39.6%

2017

140,083

134,084

95.7%

2018

131,195

126,509

96.4%

20191

63,764

61,462

96.4%

12019 is for the period 1 January to 30th June

Data Notes:

  • a. Data are taken from a live management information system and can change over time.
  • b. Data are management information and are not subject to the same level of check as official statistics.
  • c. The data provided are the most recent available and for that reason might differ slightly from any previously published information.
  • d. Cases received on new systems for the period December 2018 to June 2019 have been included.

Grouped Questions: 2682
Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 22 October 2019
Ministry of Justice
Television: Licensing
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many committal orders were made by magistrates’ courts in England and Wales for default of payment of fines (a) in total, (b) for a conviction for the non-payment of a TV licence fee fine and (c) for the non-payment of council tax in each year since 1995.
A
Answered by: Chris Philp
Answered on: 28 October 2019

HMCTS can provide data from 2009. Information prior to 2009 is held on legacy systems and is not collated centrally. Such data could only be provided at disproportionate cost.

The number of committal orders made (counted by committal warrants issued) for default of payment of fines since 2009 is below. It is not possible to extract information about committal warrants issued in relation to a conviction for the non-payment of a TV Licence fee without disproportionate cost.

The number of committal orders made (determined as committal warrants issued) in relation to the non-payment of council tax is also below.

Year

Total number of Fine Default Committal Warrants Issued

Number of Fine Default Committal Warrants Issued against females.

Total Number of Council Tax Committal Warrants Issued

Number of Council Tax Committal Warrants Issued against females.

2009 1

9,757

943

89

21

2010

13,117

1,142

122

43

2011

13,572

1,182

108

33

2012

14,169

1,234

107

38

2013

13,376

1,245

108

36

2014

14,122

1,236

89

29

2015

12,767

1,085

69

22

2016

12,463

1,043

112

42

2017

11,837

844

41

11

2018

9,308

548

16

~

2019 2

3,651

208

8

~

1 2009 is for the period 1st April to 31st December 2009.

2 2019 is for the period 1st January to 30th June 2019:

Data Notes:

  • Data are taken from a live management information system and can change over time.
  • Data are management information and are not subject to the same level of checks as official statistics.
  • The data provided are the most recent available and for that reason might differ slightly from any previously published information.
  • The Fine Default and Council Tax data provided is a count of the number of committal warrants issued.
  • For data from 1st April 2009 onwards, TV Licensing is the prosecutor, and the enforcer of the debt, so they would hold the detail that is required. HMCTS is only able to provide the number of prosecutions brought by the TV Licensing, and how many resulted in imprisonment.
  • Information as to outstanding debt is not recorded within HMCTS statistics available through Libra. Files not destroyed under the retention schedule (e.g. within three years old) would have to be checked on a court by court basis.
  • It is possible to identify committals in relation to Council Tax because Council Tax data is not a subset of the Fine Enforcement data; it is based on a Civil process in the magistrates’ courts rather than the enforcement of unpaid fines, and hence has different Libra offence codes.
  • Information prior to 1st April 2009 is held on legacy systems and is not collated centrally.
  • The data extract for this PQ included gender. However, generic titles such as Doctor, Reverend etc which would not determine the gender are not included within the data. Therefore, only where Female has been specified has this been used in the Female table.
Grouped Questions: 2681
Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 15 October 2019
Treasury
Business: Taxation
Commons
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what steps the Government has taken to evaluate the potential effect of IR35 on the economic viability of businesses that rely on (a) seasonal and (b) demand-driven workforces.
A
Answered by: Jesse Norman
Answered on: 23 October 2019

The off-payroll working rules (sometimes known as IR35) have been in place since 2000. They are designed to ensure that individuals working like employees pay broadly the same amount of tax and National Insurance Contributions, regardless of the structure they work through. They do not affect the self-employed.

Budget 2018 announced that reforms introduced in 2017 for the public sector would be extended to all sectors, from April 2020, giving businesses time to prepare. The Government has consulted extensively on the reform, and HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) have published guidance and are delivering an education and support programme to help customers prepare.

On 11 July 2019, HMRC published a Tax Information and Impact Note setting out the costs to business and individuals, and the economic impact of the off-payroll reform. This can be found here:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/rules-for-off-payroll-working-from-april-2020/rules-for-off-payroll-working-from-april-2020

Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 15 October 2019
Treasury
Small Businesses: Taxation
Commons
To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what steps his Department has taken to ensure that SMEs are adequately prepared for IR35.
A
Answered by: Jesse Norman
Answered on: 23 October 2019

Budget 2018 announced that reforms introduced in 2017 for the public sector would be extended to all sectors, from 6 April 2020, giving businesses time to prepare. The Government consulted widely on the proposed extension of the reform to all sectors, including over summer 2018 and spring 2019. Having listened to concerns, the Government announced the changes be introduced from April 2020 for medium and large-sized organisations only.

The Government has worked closely with external stakeholders to ensure that they are ready for these changes, providing targeted support for companies to help them implement these changes. HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) continue to work with stakeholders to make improvements to the Check Employment Status for Tax (CEST) digital service to help them make decisions on the employment status for tax purposes of their workers.

In addition, HMRC have set up dedicated teams to provide education and guidance to all businesses affected by the reforms. This support will include one-to-one support for 2,000 of the UK’s biggest employers and direct communications to around 15,000 medium-sized businesses.

HMRC have produced guidance for customers affected by the rule changes, which can be found on GOV.UK:

https://www.gov.uk/guidance/april-2020-changes-to-off-payroll-working-for-clients

Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 15 October 2019
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Bottles: Recycling
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, whether the Government plans to introduce a bottle deposit scheme to increase the number of plastic bottles reused and recycled.
A
Answered by: Rebecca Pow
Answered on: 22 October 2019

The Government is minded to introduce a deposit return scheme for drinks containers from 2023, subject to further evidence and analysis.

Q
(Huddersfield)
Asked on: 15 October 2019
Department for Education
Students: Loans
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Education, what progress the Government has made on introducing a Takaful-based university fee funding structure.
A
Answered by: Chris Skidmore
Answered on: 22 October 2019

The government remains committed to introducing an Alternative Student Finance product for tuition fee and maintenance support. Details on implementation will follow the conclusion of the Review of Post-18 Education and Funding.

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