Written questions and answers

Written questions allow Members of Parliament to ask government ministers for information on the work, policy and activities of government departments.

Historical written answers can be found in Hansard.

Find the latest written questions and answers for the 2019-21 session below. We welcome your feedback on this service.

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UIN

Unique Identifying Number – Every written question in the House of Commons has a UIN per Parliament. In the House of Lords each written questions has a UIN per parliamentary session.
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Asked on: 23 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the answer by the Minister for the Middle East and North Africa on 9 July (HC Deb, col 1119) and the decision of the Court of Cassation in Bahrain to uphold the death sentences of Mohammed Ramadhan and Hussain Moosa, what plans they have (1) to issue a public statement, and (2) to make representations the government of Bahrain, about the use of the death penalty in that country.
A
Answered by: Baroness Sugg
Answered on: 06 August 2020

We are deeply concerned that on 13 July Bahrain's Court of Cassation upheld the death penalty verdicts imposed on Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa. Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon, Minister responsible for Human Rights, reiterated our concern in a tweet of 14 July. We have raised both cases at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain. Lord Ahmad also raised the cases with the Bahraini Ambassador to the UK on 14 July. The Government of Bahrain is fully aware that the UK opposes the death penalty, in all circumstances, as a matter of principle.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 23 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hamad al-Mahfood
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 17 July (HL6523), what assessment they have made of reports that political prisoner Hamad Al Mahfood has not yet received the urgent medical treatment required for an ongoing tooth infection despite the assurances they have received from the government of Bahrain about the access of prisoners to onsite dental treatment in Jau prison; and what representations they intend to make to the government of Bahrain about the provision of emergency treatment for Hamad Al Mahfood.
A
Answered by: Baroness Sugg
Answered on: 06 August 2020

I refer the Noble Lord to Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon's answer of 17 July (PQ HL6523). We encourage all individuals with concerns about access to medical, including dental, treatment in detention to raise them directly with the appropriate Bahraini human rights oversight body.

Q
Asked by Martyn Day
(Linlithgow and East Falkirk)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 13 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the decision by Bahrain’s highest court to uphold the death sentences of Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa on 13 July 2020, whether Shiekh Mohamed Bin Ali Alkhalifa has received training (a) in the UK or (b) funded by the UK Government.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 29 July 2020
Holding answer received on 16 July 2020

We do not comment on whether individuals have received UK funded training.

Q
Asked by Lisa Nandy
(Wigan)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 16 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, when he next plans to make representations to his Bahraini counterpart on the decision by Bahrain’s Court of Cassation to uphold the death sentences against Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa on 13 July 2020; and if he will make a statement.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 23 July 2020
Holding answer received on 22 July 2020

We are deeply concerned that the death penalty verdicts imposed on Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa by Bahrain's Court of Cassation have been upheld. Lord Ahmad, who is the Minister of State responsible for human rights, reinforced this position in his statement of 14 July. We have raised both cases at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain, including by Lord Ahmad with the Bahraini Ambassador to the UK on 14 July. The Bahraini Government is fully aware that the UK opposes the death penalty, in all circumstances, as a matter of principle.

Q
Asked by Zarah Sultana
(Coventry South)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 21 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what recent representations he has made to his Bahraini counterpart on allegations of (a) torture and (b) due process violations in the case of (i) Mohammed Ramadhan and (ii) Husain Moosa who have been sentenced to death in that country; and what recent comparative assessment he has made of the accuracy of (A) Bahrain's Special Investigation Unit, (B) the Bahraini Ombudsman and (C) independent experts at the International Rehabilitation for Torture Victims.
Q
Asked by Wayne David
(Caerphilly)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 21 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the oral contribution of the Minister for the Middle East and North Africa on 9 July 2020 Official Report, Column 1118, what steps he plans to take in addition to the (a) representations he has made to the Government of Bahrain and (b) tweet he made on 14 July 2020 to oppose the death penalty verdicts imposed on Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa by Bahrain's Court of Cassation.
Q
Asked by Stephen Farry
(North Down)
Asked on: 21 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if the Government will make its future assistance to Bahrain contingent on a decrease in or end to that country’s use of death penalty.
Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 06 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Coronavirus
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government (1) what assessment they have made of the call by Amnesty International on 16 June for Bahrain to halt the use of its ‘Bahrain BeAware’ contact tracing application; and (2) what representations they intend to make to the government of Bahrain to (a) remind it of its obligations under Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and (b) encourage that government to introduce safeguards to ensure the (i) anonymity of ‘Bahrain BeAware’ user data, and (ii) destruction of digital records at regular intervals.
A
Answered on: 20 July 2020

The Bahrain BeAware application was introduced by the Bahraini government to advance contact tracing efforts and save lives during the Covid-19 emergency as part of its Trace, Test and Treat strategy which has received praise from the World Health Organization (WHO). We understand that downloading the application and registration as a user is optional entirely voluntary. Users not in quarantine or mandatory self-isolation can uninstall the application at any time. All users are informed of its use of GPS software before downloading. The Government of Bahrain have been clear in their assurances of user privacy through a fully encrypted and automated process. , Any Location data t older than 6 weeks is deleted automatically from the system. Users can also request that their data is deleted from the system at any time.

Q
(Hammersmith)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 14 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the decision by Bahrain’s Court of Cassation to uphold death sentences against Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa on 13 July 2020, if he will suspend Government support for (a) the Bahraini Special Investigations Unit, (b) the Ministry of Interior Ombudsman and (c) other Bahraini institutions accused of complicity in the torture of both men.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 20 July 2020

We are deeply concerned that the death penalty verdicts imposed on Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa by Bahrain's Court of Cassation have been upheld. Lord Ahmad, who is the Minister of State responsible for human rights, reinforced this position in his tweet of 14 July. We have raised both cases at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain. The Bahraini Government is fully aware that the UK opposes the death penalty, in all circumstances, as a matter of principle.

The UK welcomed the investigation by the Ombudsman and Special Investigation Unit into the cases of Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa, ultimately leading to the Attorney General and Minister of Justice ordering a retrial - a first in Bahrain.

The UK is committed to supporting Bahrain's oversight bodies, including the Ministry of Interior Ombudsman and the independent Special Investigations Unit. We continue to believe that Bahrain is taking steps in the right direction to improve its record on justice and security issues. The support we provide to these bodies, including in partnership with the UN Development Programme contributing to their work to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 16 (strengthening institutions and increasing access to justice), contributes to the ongoing development of both their capacity and capabilities.

Q
(Hammersmith)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 14 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the decision by Bahrain’s Court of Cassation to uphold death sentences against Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa on 13 July 2020, if the Government will take steps to increase transparency on the use of UK funding allocated to Bahrain under the Integrated Activity Fund.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 20 July 2020

We are deeply concerned that the death penalty verdicts imposed on Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa by Bahrain's Court of Cassation have been upheld. Lord Ahmad, who is the Minister of State responsible for human rights, reinforced this position in his tweet of 14 July. We have raised both cases at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain. The Bahraini Government is fully aware that the UK opposes the death penalty, in all circumstances, as a matter of principle.

Our assistance is designed to support Bahrain-led reform in areas including human rights. It is provided in line with international standards and fully complies with our human rights obligations and the Overseas Security and Justice Assistance process. Programmes are routinely monitored by officials and evaluated, by officials, on a regular basis to ensure that they are on track for delivery.

Q
Asked by Zarah Sultana
(Coventry South)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 14 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, whether British Embassy officials attended the trial of Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa in Bahrain on 13 July 2020; and what their assessment was of the decision to uphold their death sentences amid allegations of torture and due process violations.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 20 July 2020

Due to public health precautions in place for COVID-19, British Embassy officials were unable to attend the Court of Cassation. We are deeply concerned that the death penalty verdicts imposed on Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa by Bahrain's Court of Cassation have been upheld. Lord Ahmad, who is the Minister of State responsible for human rights, reinforced this position in his tweet of 14 July. We have raised both cases at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain. The Bahraini Government is fully aware that the UK opposes the death penalty, in all circumstances, as a matter of principle.

Q
(North Ayrshire and Arran)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 15 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what representations he has made to the Bahrain Government on the death sentences of Mohammed Ramadhan and Husian Moos; and if the Government will cease to provide financial support to Bahrain in response to that country's breaches of human rights.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 20 July 2020

We are deeply concerned that the death penalty verdicts imposed on Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa by Bahrain's Court of Cassation have been upheld. Lord Ahmad, who is the Minister of State responsible for human rights, reinforced this position in his tweet of 14 July. We have raised both cases at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain. The Bahraini Government is fully aware that the UK opposes the death penalty, in all circumstances, as a matter of principle.

Our assistance is designed to support Bahrain-led reform in areas including human rights. It is provided in line with international standards and fully complies with our human rights obligations and the Overseas Security and Justice Assistance process.

Q
(Cardiff South and Penarth)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 20 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what representations (a) he has and (b) officials of his Department have made to the Government of Bahrain on abolishing the death penalty in that country in the last 12 months.
Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 06 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Prisons
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports of (1) a scabies outbreak, and (2) overcrowding, at Jau Prison in Bahrain; the compliance of such conditions with the UN Standard Minimum Treatment Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners; and what representations they intend to make to the government of Bahrain to ensure that prisoners are given (1) appropriate medical care, (2) the provision of adequate personal protective equipment, and (3) the opportunity to socially distance.
A
Answered on: 17 July 2020

The Government of Bahrain has made clear in public statements that access to appropriate medical care for those in detention is guaranteed by the Constitution of Bahrain. These statements stated publicly that, under normal circumstances, any prisoner wishing to see a doctor is taken to the prison clinic, with referral to specialist facilities where required. However as part of COVID-19 precautions, all medical consultations now take place via video calls, ensuring the safety of both patients and medical staff. We welcome these assurances from the Government of Bahrain, urge continued transparency and would encourage those with any concerns about treatment in detention to raise them with the appropriate Bahraini human rights oversight body.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 06 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hamad al-Mahfood
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they intend to make to the government of Bahrain to secure specialised treatment for political prisoner Hamad Al Mahfood at Jau Prison, who has reportedly been suffering from a severe tooth infection and where appointments at external hospitals have been cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
A
Answered on: 17 July 2020

The Government of Bahrain has made clear in public statements that access to appropriate medical care, including dental treatment, for those in detention is guaranteed by the Constitution of Bahrain. We understand that a dentist is available on site for dental emergencies and that referral to external specialists remains possible. We welcome these assurances from the Government of Bahrain, urge continued transparency and would encourage those with any concerns about treatment in detention to raise them directly with the appropriate Bahraini human rights oversight body.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 06 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Human Rights
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the statement made by Ambassador Monique van Daalen at the 43rd session of the Human Rights Council on 15 June on behalf of Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands that condemned reprisals against Bahraini human rights defenders for collaborating with UN treaty bodies; and what representations they intend to make to the government of Bahrain about reported ongoing reprisals against human rights defenders.
A
Answered on: 17 July 2020

The UK Government takes note of a number of sources of information on Bahrain, including publications and statements from external organisations. We continue to monitor events in Bahrain closely and regularly raise human rights issues with the Government of Bahrain, at senior levels, both in private and public. We continue to encourage the Government of Bahrain to deliver on its international and domestic human rights commitments.

Q
Asked by Martyn Day
(Linlithgow and East Falkirk)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 13 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to decision of Bahrain’s Court of Cassation to uphold the death sentences of Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa on 13 July 2020 if he will (a) make representations to the Government of Bahrain and (b) make a public appeal to the King of Bahrain for those sentences to be set aside.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 16 July 2020

We are deeply concerned that the death penalty verdicts imposed on Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa by Bahrain's Court of Cassation have been upheld. Lord Ahmad, who is the Minister of State responsible for human rights, reinforced this position in his tweet of 14 July. We have raised both cases at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain. The Bahraini Government is fully aware that the UK opposes the death penalty, in all circumstances, as a matter of principle.

Q
Asked by Scott Benton
(Blackpool South)
Asked on: 09 July 2020
Department for International Trade
Overseas Trade: Bahrain
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what steps she is taking to improve (a) trade links with Bahrain and (b) investment in the UK from Bahraini businesses.
A
Answered by: Mr Ranil Jayawardena
Answered on: 15 July 2020

In 2019, total trade between the United Kingdom and Bahrain was £1.3 billion, an increase of 10% (£117 million) from 2018 and there are significant existing investment links between our countries. HM Government is committed to supporting more bilateral trade and investment.

My Department will continue to work with our Bahraini counterparts to identify ways to boost trade and investment and remove barriers. Through recent engagement, Bahrain simplified certification requirements for goods, enabling British businesses to continue to export to Bahrain during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Q
(Huddersfield)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 09 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, when his most recent discussions took place with his counterpart in the Bahraini Government on the death sentences of (a) Mohammed Ramadhan and (b) Hussain Moosa.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 15 July 2020
Holding answer received on 14 July 2020

We are deeply concerned by the death sentences handed to Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa. We have raised both cases at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain. The Bahraini Government is fully aware that the UK opposes the death penalty, in all circumstances, as a matter of principle. We continue to monitor their case, as it is taken to the Court of Cassation for final review.

Q
Asked by Wera Hobhouse
(Bath)
Asked on: 06 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Gulf States: Political Prisoners
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the letter of 23 June 2020 to him, from 10 hon. Members on securing the release of human rights activists (a) Loujain AlHathloul in Saudi Arabia, (b) Ahmed Mansoor in the UAE and (c) Dr Abduljalil AlSingace in Bahrain, what (i) public and (ii) private representations he has made to his (A) Saudia Arabian, (B) Emirati and (C) Bahraini counterpart on securing the release of (1) those people and (2) other people imprisoned for peacefully opposing their governments.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 13 July 2020

We have raised the cases of Loujain al-Hathloul, Ahmed Mansoor and Abduljalil al-Singace at senior levels with the Saudi, Emirati and Bahraini authorities respectively. The UK urges all countries to comply with their human rights obligations. Our close relationship with Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain allows us to discuss important issues such as human rights.

We consistently underline the importance of political freedoms globally. This includes respect for the right to peaceful protest, the rule of law, and freedom of speech, the press, and assembly. We continue to raise concerns about individual cases regularly. Where the UK has cause for concern, we raise these concerns at official and Ministerial level.

Q
Asked by Hilary Benn
(Leeds Central)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 07 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if he will make urgent representations to the Government of Bahrain opposing the death sentences on (a) Mohammed Ramadhan and (b) Hussain Moosa.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 13 July 2020

We are concerned by the death sentences handed to Mohammed Ramadhan and Hussain Moosa. We continue to raise both cases at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain. The Bahraini Government is fully aware that the UK opposes the death penalty, in all circumstances, as a matter of principle. We continue to monitor their case, as it is taken to the Court of Cassation for final review.

Q
(Dwyfor Meirionnydd)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 07 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what recent representations he has made to his Bahraini counterpart on (a) Mohammed Ramadhan, (b) Hussain Moosa and (c) other prisoners who have been sentenced to death in Bahrain.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 13 July 2020

We are concerned by the death sentences handed to Mohammed Ramadhan and Hussain Moosa. We continue to raise both cases at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain. The Bahraini Government is fully aware that the UK opposes the death penalty, in all circumstances, as a matter of principle. We continue to monitor their case, as it is taken to the Court of Cassation for final review.

Q
Asked by Patrick Grady
(Glasgow North)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 07 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what recent representations he has made to his Bahraini counterpart on (a) Mohammed Ramadhan, (b) Hussain Moosa and (c) other prisoners facing death sentences in Bahrain.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 13 July 2020

We are concerned by the death sentences handed to Mohammed Ramadhan and Hussain Moosa. We continue to raise both cases at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain. The Bahraini Government is fully aware that the UK opposes the death penalty, in all circumstances, as a matter of principle. We continue to monitor their case, as it is taken to the Court of Cassation for final review.

Q
Asked by Wayne David
(Caerphilly)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 07 July 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if he will make urgent representations to the Government of Bahrain on the death sentences imposed on (a) Mohammed Ramadhan and (b) Hussain Moosa before their cases are considered by the Court of Cassation in that country on the 13 July 2020.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 13 July 2020

We are concerned by the death sentences handed to Mohammed Ramadhan and Hussain Moosa. We continue to raise both cases at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain. The Bahraini Government is fully aware that the UK opposes the death penalty, in all circumstances, as a matter of principle. We continue to monitor their case, as it is taken to the Court of Cassation for final review.

Q
Asked by Martyn Day
(Linlithgow and East Falkirk)
Asked on: 30 June 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hussein Abdullah Khalil Rashid
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what representations he has made to his counterpart in the Government of Bahrain on the (a) imminent risk of execution of death row inmate Husain Abdullah Khalil Rashid and (b) reports of violations in relation to his human rights (i) in advance of and (ii) during his trial.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 06 July 2020

We have raised the case of Hussein Abdullah Khalil Rashid at a senior level with the Government of Bahrain.

The Government of Bahrain is fully aware that the UK is firmly opposed to the death penalty, in all circumstances. The right to a fair trial is enshrined in the constitution of Bahrain; we continue to encourage the Government of Bahrain to follow due process in all cases and meet its international and domestic human rights commitments.

Q
Asked by Wera Hobhouse
(Bath)
Asked on: 23 June 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Human Rights
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what assessment he has made of the effect of the imprisonment and planned execution of people in Bahrain on that country's compliance with international human rights obligations.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 01 July 2020

The Government of Bahrain is fully aware that the UK is firmly opposed to the death penalty, in all circumstances. The right to a fair trial is enshrined in the constitution of Bahrain; we continue to encourage the Government of Bahrain to follow due process in all cases and meet its international and domestic human rights commitments.

Q
(Argyll and Bute)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 23 June 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hussein Abdullah Khalil Rashid and Zuhair Ebrahim Jassim Abdullah Abas
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to Early Day Motion 630 of Session 2019-21, if he will (a) publicly condemn the 15 June 2020 decision of Bahrain’s highest court to uphold death sentences against Husain Abdullah Khalil Rashid and Zuhair Ibrahim Jasim Abdullah following concerns of serious due process violations and the alleged coercion of Zuhair’s confession through torture and (b) make representations to his counterpart in Bahrain on the immediate commutation of their death sentences.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 30 June 2020
Holding answer received on 29 June 2020

We have raised the cases of Zuhair Ibrahim Jasim Abdullah and Hussein Abdullah Khalil Rashid at a senior level with the Government of Bahrain.

The Government of Bahrain is fully aware that the UK is firmly opposed to the death penalty, in all circumstances. The right to a fair trial is enshrined in the constitution of Bahrain; we continue to encourage the Government of Bahrain to follow due process in all cases and meet its international and domestic human rights commitments.

Q
Asked by Wera Hobhouse
(Bath)
Asked on: 22 June 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hussein Abdullah Khalil Rashid and Zuhair Ebrahim Jassim Abdullah Abas
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what representations he has made to his counterpart in Government of Bahrain on (a) the fairness of the trials of Zuhair and Husain Abdullah Khalil Rashid’s and (b) the allegations of the use torture of those people that resulted in them being given death sentences.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 26 June 2020

We have raised the cases of Zuhair Ibrahim Jasim Abdullah and Hussein Abdullah Khalil Rashid at a senior level with the Government of Bahrain.

The Government of Bahrain is fully aware that the UK is firmly opposed to the death penalty, in all circumstances. The right to a fair trial is enshrined in the constitution of Bahrain; we continue to encourage the Government of Bahrain to follow due process in all cases and meet its international and domestic human rights commitments.

Q
(Rutherglen and Hamilton West)
Asked on: 15 June 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Political Prisoners
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what representations he has made to the Government of Bahrain on the provision of appropriate medical care to (a) Dr Abduljalil Al Singace, (b) Hassan Mushaima, (c) Ali Al Hajee and (d) Naji Fateel; and if he will call for their release.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 23 June 2020

The Government of Bahrain has made clear in public statements that access to appropriate medical care for those in detention is guaranteed by the Constitution of Bahrain. These statements stated publicly that, under normal circumstances, any prisoner wishing to see a doctor is taken to the prison clinic, with referral to specialist facilities where required. However as part of COVID-19 precautions, all medical consultations now take place via video calls, ensuring the safety of both patients and medical staff. We welcome these assurances from the Government of Bahrain, urge continued transparency and would encourage those with any concerns about treatment in detention to raise them with the appropriate Bahraini human rights oversight body.

We continue to monitor the cases of Abduljalil al-Singace, Hassan Mushaima, Ali Al Hajee and Naji Fateel.

Q
(Rutherglen and Hamilton West)
Asked on: 15 June 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Coronavirus
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the Bahrain authorities' decision to release some prisoners during the covid-19 pandemic, if he will make representations to the Government of Bahrain on the release of (a) Sheikh Ali Salman, (b) Hassan Mushaima and (c) other imprisoned Bahraini political opposition leaders.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 23 June 2020

From January to June 2020, 1,055 Bahraini prisoners have received royal pardons and been released from prison. In March, a further 585 prisoners received alternative, non-custodial sentences. We welcome the continued use of alternative sentencing in Bahrain, which was introduced with UK Government support for Bahraini-led reforms of the judicial system. The use of alternative sentencing is governed by clear eligibility guidelines. So far, over 1,700 alternative sentences have been handed down since 2017.

We continue to monitor the cases of Hassan Mushaima and Sheikh Ali Salman.

Q
Asked by Martyn Day
(Linlithgow and East Falkirk)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 09 June 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Overseas Aid
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 23 January 2020 to Question 5454 on Gulf States: Overseas Aid, how many projects and programme activities have been funded by the Integrated Activity Fund solely for Bahrain during (a) 2018-19 and (b) 2019-20; which Departments applied for the funding to implement those projects and programme activities; and how much money was spent from the Integrated Activity Fund on those projects and programme activities.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 16 June 2020
Holding answer received on 15 June 2020

Overall spend from the Integrated Activity Fund (IAF) in 2018/19 financial year was £17 million, and £12 million in 2019/20. The IAF funded activity in all six Gulf Cooperation Council states: Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. Many of the projects and programme activities were delivered regionally, and final expenditure is subject to Departmental audits.

Q
Asked by Martyn Day
(Linlithgow and East Falkirk)
Asked on: 10 June 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Overseas Aid
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 25 February 2020 to Question 14741 on Gulf States: Overseas Aid, and with reference to the International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims’s assessment of Bahrain’s Special Investigations Unit’s (SIU) investigation into torture allegations filed by Husain Moosa, what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of the Integrated Activity Fund in meeting its objectives in relation to training programmes for the SIU.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 16 June 2020

The British Government takes note of a number of sources of information on Bahrain, including publications and statements from Non-Governmental Organisations, when assessing performance and progress. On the question of our assessment of Integrated Activity Fund activity with the Special Investigations Unit, I refer the Honourable Member to my response of 11 February to question 11506.

Grouped Questions: 58029
Q
Asked by Martyn Day
(Linlithgow and East Falkirk)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 10 June 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Overseas Aid
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 23 January 2020 to Question 5454 on Gulf States: Overseas Aid, how many project or programme activities have been funded by the Integrated Activity Fund solely for Bahrain during the financial years (a) 2018- 19 and (b) 2019-20; which Government departments applied for that funding to implement those project or programme activities; and how much money from the public purse was allocated from the Integrated Activity Fund to those project or programme activities.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 16 June 2020
Holding answer received on 15 June 2020

I refer the Honourable Member to my response of 16 June 2020 to question 57298.

Q
Asked by Martyn Day
(Linlithgow and East Falkirk)
Asked on: 10 June 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Overseas Aid
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 10 February 2020 to Question 14741 on Gulf States: Overseas Aid and with reference to the findings of the International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims’s assessment of Bahrain’s Special Investigations Unit’s (SIU) investigation into torture allegations filed by Husain Moosa which found that investigation to be inadequate and not compliant with international standards, if he will make an assessment of the extent to which the SIU's training programmes in receipt of Integrated Activity Fund (IAF) funding are on track to deliver the outcomes expected of IAF funded programmes.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 16 June 2020

The British Government takes note of a number of sources of information on Bahrain, including publications and statements from Non-Governmental Organisations, when assessing performance and progress. On the question of our assessment of Integrated Activity Fund activity with the Special Investigations Unit, I refer the Honourable Member to my response of 11 February to question 11506.

Grouped Questions: 58025
Q
Asked by Martyn Day
(Linlithgow and East Falkirk)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 09 June 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Huddersfield University
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 9 March 2020 to Question 25129, whether his Department was consulted by the University of Huddersfield on or subsequent to the establishment of an MSc in Security Science reserved for students at Bahrain's Royal Academy of Policing.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 15 June 2020

There have been no consultations between HMG and the University of Huddersfield about its provision of an MSc in Security Science exclusively to students at the Royal Academy of Policing.

Q
Asked by Martyn Day
(Linlithgow and East Falkirk)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 10 June 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Huddersfield University: Bahrain
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 9 March 2020 to Question 25129 on Bahrain: Huddersfield University, whether her Department was consulted by the University of Huddersfield on or subsequent to their establishment of an MSc in Security Science reserved for students at Bahrain's Royal Academy of Policing.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 15 June 2020

There have been no consultations between HMG and the University of Huddersfield about its provision of an MSc in Security Science exclusively to students at the Royal Academy of Policing.

Q
(North Durham)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 04 June 2020
Ministry of Defence
Military Bases: Costs
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what the annual costs were of the overseas bases and facilities in (a) Singapore, (b) Bahrain, (c) Diego Garcia, (d) Duqm, (e) Falklands, (f) Ascension Island, (g) BATUS, (h) Kenya (BATUK) in the last five years; and what the cost was of improving infrastructure in each such base during that time period.
A
Answered by: James Heappey
Answered on: 09 June 2020

The figures cover a number of years and are being brought together from across the Department. I will write to the right hon. Member as soon as the data is available.

Q
Asked by David Linden
(Glasgow East)
Asked on: 05 June 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Coronavirus
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 6 May 2020 to Question HL3434, if he will make an assessment of the implications for his policy on the veracity of statements on covid-19 in Bahrain prisons from the Bahraini National Institute for Human Rights of the 9 April 2020 Reuters article which found that prisoners in that country were subject to overcrowding, poor sanitation and lack of medical care.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 09 June 2020

The Government of Bahrain has been clear in public statements that access to appropriate medical care for those in detention is guaranteed by the Constitution of Bahrain. Bahrain has stated publicly that under normal circumstances, any prisoner wishing to see a doctor is taken to the prison clinic, with referral to specialist facilities where required, but as part of the COVID-19 precautions, all medical consultations now take place via a video call, ensuring the safety of the patient and the medical staff. We welcome these assurances from the Government of Bahrain and urge continued transparency.

We encourage those with concerns about treatment in detention to raise them with the appropriate Bahraini human rights oversight body. We continue to encourage the oversight bodies in Bahrain to carry out thorough and swift investigations into any such claims.

Q
(Argyll and Bute)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 18 May 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Coronavirus
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if he will make representations to his Bahraini counterpart on ensuring that prisoners in that country can access (a) external hospital appointments and (b) other healthcare during the covid-19 pandemic.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 02 June 2020

The Government of Bahrain has been clear in public statements that access to appropriate medical care for those in detention is guaranteed by the Constitution of Bahrain. Bahrain has stated publicly that any prisoner wishing to see a doctor is taken to the prison clinic, with referral to specialist facilities where required. We have also been given categorical assurances privately. As part of the COVID-19 precautions, all medical consultations take place via a video call, ensuring the safety of the patient and the medical staff. We welcome these assurances from the Government of Bahrain and urge continued transparency.

We encourage those with concerns about treatment in detention to raise them with the appropriate Bahraini human rights oversight body. We continue to encourage the oversight bodies in Bahrain to carry out thorough and swift investigations into any such claims.

Q
(Argyll and Bute)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 19 May 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Coronavirus
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to my letter of 9 April 2020 to the Bahraini Ambassador to the UK and copied to the British Ambassador to Bahrain, if he will make representations to his Bahraini counterpart on the welfare all political prisoners who allege medical negligence against them during the covid-19 pandemic.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 02 June 2020

I refer the Honourable Member to my response of 2 June 2020 to question 48474.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 12 May 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Human Rights
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of (1) the report by the House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee Global Britain: Human Rights and the Rule of Law (HC 874), published on 11 September 2018, in particular its recommendation that “repercussions, including the suspension of support” should be introduced for those states that do not make sufficient progress, or regress, in areas of rule of law and democracy; and (2) the report by the Freedom House Freedom in the World 2019: Bahrain which stated that Bahrain has “become one of the Middle East’s most repressive’ states”; and what steps, if any, they have taken in response to those reports' findings and recommendations.
A
Answered on: 22 May 2020

We take note of a number of sources of information when assessing performance and progress. We continue to believe that Bahrain is taking steps in the right direction to improve its human rights record, in line with the Government's Plan which built on the reform recommendations set out in the 2012 BICI Report. Whilst we and the Government of Bahrain acknowledge this is a work in progress, our support for this Bahrain-led reform is helping to build effective and accountable institutions, strengthen the rule of law and deliver justice reform. All our support is in line with international standards, and aims to share the UK's expertise and experience. Any training provided by, or behalf of, the British Government fully complies with our domestic and international human rights obligations.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 12 May 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Religious Freedom
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the remarks by the Prime Minister’s Special Envoy on Freedom of Religion or Belief on 11 September 2019 that “reform is taking place” in Bahrain, what assessment they have made of the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom’s Annual Report 2020: Bahrain Chapter, published in April, which states that Bahrain “continued its ongoing and systematic discrimination against some Shi’a Muslims on the basis of their religious identity” in 2019, noting in particular the mistreatment of Shi’a prisoners, the harassment of Shi’a Imams and jailed Shi’a activists who advocate for greater freedom of religion in Bahrain.
A
Answered on: 22 May 2020

Freedom of Religion or Belief (FoRB) is a human rights priority for the UK Government. Bahrain was the first country visited by the Prime Minister's Special Envoy on FoRB in September 2019. The Special Envoy discussed FoRB with religious leaders from the range of different faiths represented in Bahrain. Our most recent assessment of Bahrain was published as part of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Human Rights and Democracy Report in June 2019. We take note of a number of sources of information when making assessments.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 12 May 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Press Freedom
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the publication of the Reporters Without Borders 2020 World Press Freedom Index which saw Bahrain drop to 169 out of 180 countries, a fall of two places since last year and five places since 2017, what assessment they have made of the state of press freedom in Bahrain; and whether any such assessment will impact their provision of technical assistance to that country.
A
Answered on: 22 May 2020

We take note of a number of sources of information when assessing a country's performance. We continue to encourage the Government of Bahrain to protect freedom of expression for all of its citizens. We have not provided technical assistance to Bahrain in this area.

Q
Asked by Chris Law
(Dundee West)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 04 May 2020
Ministry of Defence
Bahrain: Military Bases
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many armed forces personnel are stationed at Muharraq air base in Bahrain; which units those personnel belong to; what the cost of those personnel was in financial year 2019-20; and what roles those personnel are fulfilling.
A
Answered by: James Heappey
Answered on: 11 May 2020

The UK has eight Armed Forces personnel based between Muharraq Air Base and Headquarters Maritime Component Commander in Bahrain. These personnel form the UK Joint Support Detachment and belong to the UK Maritime Component Commander and the UK Air Component Commander. They fulfil a variety of roles to facilitate the entry and departure of UK personnel and stores from Bahrain under Operation KIPION, including postal services and logistics movements. The cost of supporting these personnel in Bahrain was approximately £270,000 during financial year 2019-20.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 23 April 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Human Rights
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 6 April (HL2834), on which dates the Foreign and Commonwealth Office carried out assistance reviews over the past 12 months; what plans they have to publish any guidelines which stipulate such reviews; and what was the outcome of their last review of their provision of assistance to Bahrain.
A
Answered on: 06 May 2020

Technical assistance programmes funded by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office are monitored and evaluated by officials on a quarterly basis. The last review of the Bahrain programme indicated that the programme continued to meet programme and contract requirements and continued to comply with our human rights obligations.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 23 April 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Coronavirus
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports by the Committee to Protect Journalists that the authorities of Jau Prison in Bahrain placed Bahraini political prisoner Mahmoud Al-Jaziri in solitary confinement in response to statements made by the Bahraini National Institute for Human Rights (NIHR) about COVID-19 prevention measures inside the prison; what assessment they have made of the accuracy of the NIHR’s statements in regard to those prevention measures; and what representations they have made to government of Bahrain about the case of Mahmoud Al-Jaziri.
A
Answered on: 06 May 2020

We are aware of the case of Mahmoud Al-Jaziri and have previously raised it with the Government of Bahrain. Our Embassy in Manama have spoken to the National Institute for Human Rights and have no reason to doubt their statements regarding COVID-19 prevention measures.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 23 April 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Coronavirus
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, following the statement by non-governmental organisations which calls for the release of political prisoners and raises concerns about the impact of prison conditions in Bahrain on the spread of COVID-19, published on 6 April, what representations, if any, they have made to the government of Bahrain about ensuring (1) the release of political prisoners vulnerable to COVID-19, and (2) the provision of adequate protective materials to prisoners; and what response they received to any such representations.
A
Answered on: 06 May 2020

We have spoken to the Government of Bahrain about COVID-19 prevention measures for prisoners and staff. They have assured us that these measures are consistent with World Health Organisation standards. 1,506 prisoners have been released or given non-custodial sentences since 12 March.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 23 April 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Human Rights
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the documentary by BBC Arabic Breaking the Silence which found that institutions and individuals in Bahrain who received UK funding for training have been implicated in severe human rights abuses including torture and rape; and what plans they have to review the UK’s technical assistance programme in Bahrain.
A
Answered on: 06 May 2020

We are aware of the BBC Arabic programme 'Breaking the Silence'. Any technical assistance we provide is kept under regular review to ensure it is in line with international standards, and fully complies with our human rights obligations and the Overseas Security and Justice Assistance process.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 23 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Zakeya Albarboori
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the announcement by the government of Bahrain on 12 March that it will release 1,486 detainees for “humanitarian reasons, in the backdrop of current circumstances", what representations they have made to that government about the case of Zakeya AlBarboori and her release.
A
Answered on: 06 April 2020

We welcome news of a royal pardon for 901 Bahraini prisoners and the conversion to alternative sentencing of a further 585 individuals' sentences. We have previously raised the case of Zakeya AlBarboori with the Government of Bahrain.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 23 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Sayad Nazar al-Wadaei
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the announcement by the government of Bahrain on 12 March that it will release 1,486 detainees for “humanitarian reasons, in the backdrop of current circumstances", what representations they have made to the government of Bahrain about the release of Sayed Nizar Alwadaei, who was deemed arbitrarily detained by the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention on 7 January 2019; and what discussions they have had with that government about the reasons why Sayed Nizar Alwadaei and other vulnerable political prisoners, including Hassan Mushaima and Abduljalil al-Singace, were reportedly declared ineligible for release.
A
Answered on: 06 April 2020

We welcome news of a royal pardon for 901 Bahraini prisoners and the conversion to alternative sentencing of a further 585 individuals' sentences. We have previously raised the cases of Sayed Nizar Al Wadaei, Hassan Mushaima, Abduljalil al-Singace and Nabeel Rajab at a senior level with the Government of Bahrain, including health concerns. We continue to monitor these cases.

Grouped Questions: HL2835
Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 23 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Human Rights
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by the Minister of State in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the Department for International Development on 9 March (HC25129), what measures are in place to ensure that security training provided by third-parties to the governments of Bahrain and other FCO human rights priority countries are periodically assessed to ensure that (1) potential human rights risks are adequately assessed, and (2) such training is effective and conforms to Government standards.
A
Answered on: 06 April 2020

Any assistance provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office is kept under regular review to ensure it is in line with international standards, and fully complies with our human rights obligations and the Overseas Security and Justice Assistance process.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 23 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Political Prisoners
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the announcement by the government of Bahrain on 12 March that it will release 1,486 detainees for “humanitarian reasons, in the backdrop of current circumstances” and the statement by Human Rights Watch on 23 March which notes that “Bahraini authorities have not released any prominent political leaders or human rights defenders”, what representations they have made to that government about the release of political prisoners in Bahrain including Nabeel Rajab, Hassan Mushaima and Abduljalil al-Singace, who suffer from compromised health conditions.
A
Answered on: 06 April 2020

We welcome news of a royal pardon for 901 Bahraini prisoners and the conversion to alternative sentencing of a further 585 individuals' sentences. We have previously raised the cases of Sayed Nizar Al Wadaei, Hassan Mushaima, Abduljalil al-Singace and Nabeel Rajab at a senior level with the Government of Bahrain, including health concerns. We continue to monitor these cases.

Grouped Questions: HL2833
Q
Asked by Chris Law
(Dundee West)
Asked on: 04 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Human Rights
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the findings in the report by the Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy entitled Bahrain human rights report 2020, what assessment he has made of the implications for his policies of the finding that the human rights situation in Bahrain continued to deteriorate in 2019.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 12 March 2020

Our most recent assessment was published as part of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office's (FCO) Human Rights and Democracy Report in June 2019. Bahrain remains an FCO human rights priority country, particularly because of the use of the death penalty, allegations of torture and mistreatment in detention and concerns over freedom of expression and assembly. We monitor events in Bahrain closely and continue to encourage the Government of Bahrain to deliver on its international and domestic human rights commitments.

Q
Asked by Jo Stevens
(Cardiff Central)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 05 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Human Rights
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what assessment he has made of the human rights situation in Bahrain in 2019; and if he will make a statement.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 10 March 2020

Our most recent assessment was published as part of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office's (FCO) Human Rights and Democracy Report in June 2019. Bahrain remains an FCO human rights priority country, particularly because of the use of the death penalty, allegations of torture and mistreatment in detention and concerns over freedom of expression and assembly. We monitor events in Bahrain closely and continue to encourage the Government of Bahrain to deliver on its international and domestic human rights commitments.

Q
(Islington South and Finsbury)
Asked on: 02 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Ahmed Mansoor and Nabeel Rajab
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what representations he has made to his counterparts in (a) Bahrain and (b) the United Arab Emirates on the upholding of jail sentences to human rights activists (a) Nabeel Rajab and (b) Ahmed Mansoor in those respective countries.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 09 March 2020

We continue to raise the case of Mr Rajab at senior levels as part of the UK's ongoing open dialogue with Bahrain. We continue to urge the Government of Bahrain to protect freedom of expression for all its citizens in line with its international commitments.

On Mr Mansoor, officials have raised the case with senior Emirati officials in the United Arab Emirates Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation. We urge all countries to comply with their human rights obligations.

Q
Asked by Chris Law
(Dundee West)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 04 March 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Huddersfield University
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 11 February 2020 to Question HL1537, whether his Department was consulted by the University of Huddersfield on the establishment of an MSc in Security Science reserved for students at Bahrain's Royal Academy of Policing.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 09 March 2020

There have not been any discussions with the University of Huddersfield about its provision of an MSc in Security Science exclusively to students at the Royal Academy of Policing.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 24 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Human Rights
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 24 February (HL1680), what specific monitoring is done to track improvements in the human rights situation in Bahrain for programmes in that country.
A
Answered on: 04 March 2020

The British Government takes note of a number of sources of information to track and assess the human rights landscape in Bahrain, including private engagement, statistical data, and public reports.

Our assistance is designed to support Bahrain-led reform in areas including human rights. It is provided in line with international standards and fully complies with our human rights obligations and the Overseas Security and Justice Assistance process. Programmes are routinely monitored by officials and evaluated, by officials, on a regular basis to ensure that they are on track for delivery.

Q
(Sheffield Central)
Asked on: 21 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what recent representations he has made to his Bahraini counterpart on (a) Mohammed Ramadhan, (b) Hussain Moosa and (c) other prisoners sentenced to death in that country.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 03 March 2020

We continue to monitor the cases of Mohammed Ramadhan and Hussain Moosa as their case is taken to the Court of Cassation for final review. We have raised both cases at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain, and will continue to do so where we have concerns. As the former Minister for the Middle East and North Africa publicly stated, we are deeply concerned that the death penalty has been issued to Mohammed Ramadhan and Hussain Moosa. The Government of Bahrain is fully aware that the UK is firmly opposed to the death penalty, in all circumstances.

Q
(Islington South and Finsbury)
Asked on: 12 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Conflict, Stability and Security Fund
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if he will publish his Department’s full evaluation of projects funded by the Conflict Stability and Security Fund in Bahrain.
A
Answered by: James Cleverly
Answered on: 27 February 2020

There are currently no projects funded by the Conflict, Stability and Security Fund in Bahrain.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 11 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Huddersfield University
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to reports published in The Times and The Yorkshire Post that facilities at the Royal Academy of Policing in Bahrain have been used for the torture of political prisoners, whether they have had any discussions with the University of Huddersfield about its provision of an MSc in Security Science exclusively to students at that Academy.
A
Answered on: 26 February 2020

The British Government consistently and unreservedly condemns torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment and it is a priority for us to combat it wherever and whenever it occurs.

We urge all allegations of this nature to be reported to the appropriate national oversight body whose duty it is to carry out full, independent investigations into these allegations and we continue to encourage the oversight bodies to carry out swift and thorough investigations into any such claims.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 13 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Human Rights
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government what methodology they use to monitor and track the human rights situation in Bahrain.
A
Answered on: 26 February 2020

We monitor events in Bahrain closely and take note of a number of sources of information. Bahrain remains a Foreign and Commonwealth Office human rights priority country, particularly because of the use of the death penalty, allegations of torture and mistreatment in detention and concerns over freedom of expression and assembly. We continue to encourage the Government of Bahrain to deliver on its international and domestic human rights commitments.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 13 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Human Rights
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government when they undertook their most recent assessment of the human rights situation in Bahrain; and whether the situation has (1) improved, or (2) deteriorated, since their previous assessment.
A
Answered on: 26 February 2020

Our most recent assessment was published as part of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office's (FCO) Human Rights and Democracy Report in June 2019. Bahrain remains an FCO human rights priority country, particularly because of the use of the death penalty, allegations of torture and mistreatment in detention and concerns over freedom of expression and assembly. We monitor events in Bahrain closely and continue to encourage the Government of Bahrain to deliver on its international and domestic human rights commitments.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 11 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Detainees
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether, at their meeting with the Director General of the Muharraq Governate Police, Brigadier General Fawaz Al Hassan, at Muharraq Security Complex in Bahrain in July 2019, they raised allegations that activists Ebtisam Al Saegh and Najah Yusuf were sexually assaulted and tortured by National Security Agency staff at that security complex whilst Brigadier General Fawaz Al Hassan was in post.
A
Answered on: 25 February 2020

British Embassy Officials regularly meet Bahraini officials to discuss a range of issues. They did not discuss allegations relating to Ebtisam Al Saegh and Najah Yusuf at the meeting in July 2019.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 11 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Police
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to reports published in The Times and The Yorkshire Post that facilities at the Royal Academy of Policing in Bahrain have been used for the torture of political prisoners, whether they have any agreement with the Royal Academy of Policing, in particular any agreement to (1) fund, or (2) provide training to, that Academy; and if so, whether those reports affect this relationship in any way.
A
Answered on: 25 February 2020

The British Government takes note of a number of sources of information on Bahrain. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office does not currently provide funding to the Bahrain Royal Academy of Policing.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 11 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Police
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether (1) they, or (2) any of their affiliates, have met with any representatives from the Royal Academy of Policing in Bahrain; and if so, (a) when any such meetings took place, and (b) who attended.
A
Answered on: 25 February 2020

British Embassy officials meet with their Bahraini counterparts on a regular basis to discuss a range of issues.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 11 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Prisoners
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the allegations in the report published by eight UN Special Rapporteurs on 1 November 2019 that officials from the National Institute for Human Rights in Bahrain “dismissed” complaints made by female prisoners and “threatened” an inmate with being returned to prison if she spoke to “anyone from abroad” about her experience; and what assessment they have made of the efficacy of any UK funding to that body.
A
Answered on: 24 February 2020

The British Government takes note of a number of sources of information on Bahrain, including publications and statements from non-governmental organisations. We continue to encourage the oversight bodies in Bahrain to carry out thorough and swift investigations into allegations of human rights violations.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 13 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Human Rights
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government what arrangements are in place to track the effectiveness of courses in improving human rights improvements provided in Bahrain as part of the Integrated Activity Fund.
A
Answered on: 24 February 2020

The British Government monitors programmes and projects under the Integrated Activity Fund throughout the project lifecycle to ensure that they are on track to deliver expected outcomes.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 29 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hassan Mushaima
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 27 January (HL347), when political prisoner Hassan Mushaima was last taken for an appointment with a medical specialist for diabetes in Bahrain.
A
Answered on: 11 February 2020

We do not hold that information. As I stated in my answer to PQ HL347, access to medical care for those in detention is guaranteed by the Constitution of Bahrain. We have been given categorical assurance privately and Bahrain have stated publicly that any inmate wishing to see the rehabilitation centre’s doctor is taken to the prison clinic. We welcome the public response from the Government of Bahrain in response to such claims and urge continued transparency.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 29 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Abduljalil Abdulla al-Singace
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 27 January (HL348) and following the joint statement by Human Rights Watch and the Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy on 8 October 2019 that “Bahrain’s authorities are failing to provide adequate medical care to high-profile prisoners”, (1) how many appointments Dr Abduljalil al-Singace has been able to attend without the imposition of shackles, and (2) what action they will take to ensure that he receives the medical care he requires in line with international standards.
A
Answered on: 11 February 2020

As stated in my answer to PQ HL348, we continue to monitor the case of Abduljalil al-Singace and raise his case at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain. The Bahraini Government has been clear in public statements that access to medical care for those in detention is guaranteed by the Constitution of Bahrain.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 29 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Political Prisoners
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether, in assessing the welfare of political prisoners in Bahrain, they take into consideration the findings of independent experts, in particular (1) the 18 September 2019 report by UN Special Rapporteurs on the systematic denial of specialised medical treatment of 10 political prisoners; (2) the joint statement on 8 October 2019 by Human Rights Watch and the Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy, Bahrain: Prisoners Denied Medical Care; and (3) concerns raised by family members of those prisoners.
A
Answered on: 11 February 2020

The British Government takes note of a number of sources of information on Bahrain; including publications and statements from non-governmental organisations. We encourage those with concerns about treatment in detention to report these to the appropriate oversight body.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 29 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hajer Mansoor Hassan
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 27 January (HL345), in forming their assessment of the case of Hajer Mansoor, what consideration they have given to the findings of independent experts, in particular: (1) the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention published on 7 January 2019; (2) the open letter published in The Guardian on 11 April 2019, signed by 54 signatories including prominent MPs and QCs; (3) an assessment by Amnesty International published on 22 February 2019 declaring Bahraini political prisoner Hajer Mansoor’s imprisonment to be arbitrary and in reprisal for Sayed Ahmed Alwadaei’s human rights work; and (4) other relevant findings.
A
Answered on: 11 February 2020

The British Government takes note of a number of sources of information on Bahrain when making our assessment; including publications and statements from non-governmental organisations. As I stated in my answer to PQ HL345, we have raised the case of Hajer Mansoor at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain. We have been given categorical assurance privately and Bahrain have stated publically that Hajer Mansoor’s charges and conviction are not related to the activities of Mr Al Wadaei and has given details on charges. We continue to monitor this case.

Q
(Brighton, Pavilion)
Asked on: 03 February 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 16 January 2020 to Question 1712, on Bahrain: Human Rights, what assessment he has made of the implications for his policies on the provision of Government support to Bahrain's (a) Ombudsman and (b) Special Investigations Unit of the re-imposition of the death sentence for Husain Moosa and Mohammed Ramadhan; and if he will make a statement.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 11 February 2020

The UK is committed to supporting Bahrain's oversight bodies, including the Ministry of Interior Ombudsman and the independent Special Investigations Unit. The support we provide to these bodies contributes to the development of both their capacity and capabilities. We have provided assistance in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme contributing to their work to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 16 (strengthening institutions and increasing access to justice).

The capability of these bodies to hold government departments to account has been demonstrated through the prosecution of at least 97 police officers, accused of human rights violations. It was as a result of an investigation by the oversight bodies, that the cases of Mohammed Ramadhan and Hussain Moosa were referred back to the Court of Cassation, leading to a re-trial in the Court of Appeal.

I have publicly reiterated my concern about the death sentences handed down to Husain Moosa and Mohammed Ramadhan. The trial will now be reviewed by the Court of Cassation.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 23 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Trials
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 22 January (HL340), what assessment they have made of whether the trial of Mohammed Ramadhan and Hussain Moosa in Bahrain (1) was fair, and (2) met international standards.
A
Answered on: 05 February 2020

The UK continues to encourage the Government of Bahrain to follow due process in all cases and meet its international and domestic human rights commitments.

The right to a fair trial is enshrined in the constitution of Bahrain. Bahrain stated publically both the original conviction in 2014 and any rejection of appeals, such as the verdict announced on January 8 2020, must be agreed unanimously by the judges, and in accordance with international law and human rights standards including the United Nations Safeguards. These include a requirement for the court to base its decision on receipt of clear and convincing evidence which leaves “no room for an alternative explanation of the facts”.

British Embassy officials were in attendance of the retrial. The case, which is ongoing, has not yet reached a final verdict as it will now be considered in the Court of Cassation. We continue to monitor the case.

The Minister for the Middle East and North Africa recently publicly stated that, we are deeply concerned that the death penalty has been issued to Mohammed Ramadhan and Hussain Moosa.

The Government of Bahrain is fully aware that the UK is firmly opposed to the death penalty, in all circumstances.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 21 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Human Rights
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the human rights situation in Bahrain since 2017; and whether that situation has (1) improved, or (2) deteriorated.
A
Answered on: 04 February 2020

Bahrain is a Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) Human Rights Priority Country. We publish our assessment of the human rights situation in Bahrain in the annual FCO Human Rights Report, most recently in June 2019.

Q
(Romford)
Asked on: 23 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Diplomatic Service: Religious Freedom
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what recent steps his Department has taken to ensure the implementation of its revised toolkit on freedom of religion or belief by embassies.
A
Answered by: Mrs Heather Wheeler
Answered on: 30 January 2020

​We have developed a workshop that helps our Posts to implement the toolkit on Freedom of Religion or Belief. The toolkit was developed with top legal and academic experts and is intended to support FCO human rights desk officers as they promote this human right in practice, and respond to violations of it. This workshop has been successfully trialled with colleagues at our Embassy in Bahrain. We are looking for further opportunities to run the workshop and other means of encouraging posts to make active use of the toolkit.

Q
(Tewkesbury)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 27 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Religious Freedom
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what recent discussions he has had with his counterparts throughout the world on the protection of religious freedoms in their countries; and if he will make a statement.
A
Answered by: Mrs Heather Wheeler
Answered on: 30 January 2020

Defending and promoting Freedom of Religion or Belief (FoRB) is a longstanding human rights priority for the British Government. Through our diplomatic network, we lobby governments for changes in laws and practices that discriminate against individuals on the basis of their religion or belief. Over recent months, ministers and diplomats have raised FoRB concerns in many countries both bilaterally and through multilateral institutions such as the UN, EU and OSCE. Our Minister of State responsible for Human Rights, Lord (Tariq) Ahmad of Wimbledon, has held Freedom of Religion or Belief roundtables, including in Lebanon. He met the Polish Foreign Minister on 19 January at the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance ministerial meeting to reaffirm their commitments to defend FoRB for all. The Prime Minister’s Special Envoy for FoRB has visited Bahrain and the Holy See and has held discussions with the Ambassadors of a number of countries in London and also with a number of other FoRB Special Envoys to see how they can work more closely together to advance FoRB. Ministers have also pressed for the rights of those unfairly detained, including calling for the immediate release of all Baha’is in Iran and Yemen imprisoned for their beliefs.

We have encouraged our diplomatic missions to consider what they can do to engage their host governments where human rights violations and abuses relating to freedom of religion or belief are of concern. We will also continue to work with faith leaders and civil society organisations to tackle discrimination and persecution and to promote the value and benefit - to individuals, communities and wider society - of Freedom of Religion or Belief and mutual respect.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 13 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hajer Mansoor Hassan
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they will take to ensure that Hajer Mansoor, a Bahraini political prisoner, is (1) not held in solitary confinement, and (2) excluded from non-custodial punishment in reprisal for the human rights work of her son-in-law Sayed Ahmed Alwadaei.
A
Answered on: 27 January 2020

We have raised the case of Hajer Mansoor at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain. The Bahraini Government has been clear these convictions are not related to the activities of Mr Al Wadaei and has given details on charges. We continue to monitor this case.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 13 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Hassan Mushaima
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Bahrain concerning the medical treatment of political prisoner Hassan Mushaima, particularly in respect of (1) specialised medical care for diabetes, and (2) access to the results of his cancer scans; and, further to those discussions, what steps they will take to secure his release.
A
Answered on: 27 January 2020

We continue to monitor the case of Hassan Mushaima. We have raised Mr Mushaima’s case at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain. The Bahraini Government has been clear in public statements that between 2011 and April 2019, Mr Mushaima had 397 appointments at the prison clinic and that he has been prescribed and is receiving 14 medicines on a regular basis, including some that were ordered from overseas specifically. Public statements have also confirmed that access to medical care for those in detention is guaranteed by the Constitution of Bahrain.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 13 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Abduljalil Abdulla al-Singace
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government what action they will take to ensure that Dr Abduljalil al-Singace (1) receives the medical care he requires, (2) is free to attend hospital appointments without the imposition of shackles, and (3) is released.
A
Answered on: 27 January 2020

We continue to monitor the case of Abduljalil al-Singace. We have raised Dr al-Singace’s case at senior levels with the Government of Bahrain. The Bahraini Government has been clear in public statements that access to medical care for those in detention is guaranteed by the Constitution of Bahrain. The Government of Bahrain has also publically stated that Dr Al Singace’s health continues to be monitored by a number of specialist consultants at the Royal Medical Services Hospital, where he has had 82 medical appointments since 2011, as well as 258 appointments at the Public Security Health Centre.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 13 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Technical Assistance
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government, following the reimposition of the death sentences against Mohamed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa, whether they intend to reconsider their provision of technical assistance to Bahrain given the use of torture, capital punishment and executions by the government of that country.
A
Answered on: 27 January 2020

As the Minister for the Middle East and North Africa said on 8 January, we are deeply concerned about the death sentences given to Mohamed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa. The Government of Bahrain is fully aware that the UK is firmly opposed to the death penalty, in all circumstances. The UK has and will continue to monitor the cases closely and raise concerns with senior members of the Bahraini Government. Assistance, which is kept under regular review, is provided in line with international standards, and fully complies with our domestic and international human rights obligations.

Q
Asked by Chris Law
(Dundee West)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 21 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Human Rights
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what recent assessment he has made of the human rights situation in Bahrain.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 27 January 2020

We published our assessment of the human rights situation in Bahrain in the annual Foreign and Commonwealth Office Human Rights Report, most recently in June 2019.

Q
Asked by Chris Law
(Dundee West)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 21 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Political Prisoners
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the UN expert report to the Bahraini Government on the cases of Nabeel Rajab, Hajer Mansoor and Medina Ali, what assessment he has made as to whether the Bahraini Government discriminates against political prisoners when granting alternative sentences; and what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of study visits for Bahraini delegations to the UK on alternative sentencing as part of the technical assistance provided by the Government to its Bahraini counterparts.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 27 January 2020

Bahrain has brought in new legislation related to alternative sentencing and has started to implement provisions under this new legal framework. British expertise has supported this process, and we welcome this positive move in reforming the judicial system. There are clear provisions in place regarding eligibility of detainees for alternative sentencing. We continue to follow the cases of Nabeel Rajab and Hajer Mansoor. Medina Ali received a Royal pardon in December 2019.

Q
Asked by Chris Law
(Dundee West)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 21 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Political Prisoners
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the joint statement published on 8 October 2019 by Human Rights Watch and the Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy, entitled Bahrain: Prisoners Denied Medical Care, what steps he has taken to help ensure that Hassan Mushaima and Dr Abdujalil al-Singace (a) have access to medical treatment in accordance with international human rights standards and (b) are released from prison.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 27 January 2020

We continue to monitor the cases of Hassan Mushaima and Abduljalil al-Singace. We have raised these cases at senior levels with the Bahraini Government. The Government of Bahrain has been clear in public statements that access to medical care, including dental, for those in detention is guaranteed by the Constitution of Bahrain.

We encourage those with concerns about treatment in detention to raise them with the appropriate Bahraini human rights oversight body. We continue to encourage the oversight bodies in Bahrain to carry out thorough and swift investigations into any such claims.

Q
Asked by Chris Law
(Dundee West)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 20 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Gulf States: Overseas Aid
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, how much money from the public purse was allocated to the Integrated Activity Fund in the financial year 2018-19; and how much did that fund allocate to Bahrain in 2018-19.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 23 January 2020

​Overall spend from the Integrated Activity Fund (IAF) in 2018/19 financial year was £17.08 million. The IAF funded activity in all six Gulf Cooperation Council states: Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. Many of the projects and programme activities were delivered regionally, so it is not possible to provide a breakdown by beneficiary state.

Q
Asked by Chris Law
(Dundee West)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 20 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Overseas Aid
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if he will publish the (a) names and (b) organisations (a) delivering and (b) benefiting from training funded through the Integrated Activity Fund to Bahrain in the financial years (i) 2018-19 and (ii) 2019-20.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 23 January 2020

​The Integrated Activity Fund provides funding in support of a range of programmes across the Gulf Region. These include, but are not limited to, activities focusing on aquaculture, sport and culture, healthcare and institutional capacity building. All of our work is in line with international standards and aims to share the UK's expertise and experience.

Q
Asked by Dan Jarvis
(Barnsley Central)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 15 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Overseas Aid
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the re-imposition of the death sentence for Bahraini prisoners, Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa, if he will publish details of the continued assistance being provided by the Government to (a) justice and (b) security bodies in the Bahraini Government.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 23 January 2020

​As I said on 8 January, we are deeply concerned about the death sentences given to Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa. The Government of Bahrain is fully aware that the UK is firmly opposed to the death penalty, in all circumstances. The UK has and will continue to monitor the cases closely and raise concerns with senior members of the Bahraini Government.

Assistance provided to Bahrain is kept under regular review. All of our work is provided in line with international standards, and fully complies with our domestic and international human rights obligations.

Q
Asked on: 13 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Capital Punishment
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the fairness of the trial of Mohammed Ramadhan and Hussain Moosa in Bahrain, following the statement by the Minister for the Middle East and North Africa that he is “deeply concerned” by the reimposition of death sentences against them.
A
Answered on: 22 January 2020

We are deeply concerned that the death penalty has been issued. The Government of Bahrain are fully aware that the UK is firmly opposed to the death penalty, in all circumstances. The UK has and will continue to monitor the cases closely and raise concerns with senior members of the Bahraini Government when we have them.

Q
Asked by Jim Shannon
(Strangford)
Asked on: 13 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Political Prisoners
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what discussions he has had with his counterpart in Bahrain on preventing the death penalty for two pro-democracy activists.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 21 January 2020

As I said on 8 January, we are deeply concerned about the death sentences given to Mohamed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa. The UK has raised the matter with senior members of the Government of Bahrain. The UK's position on the use of the death penalty is longstanding and clear; we oppose its use in all circumstances and countries. The Government of Bahrain is fully aware of our position.

Q
Asked by Lord Scriven
Asked on: 13 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Special Envoy on Freedom of Religion or Belief
Lords
To ask Her Majesty's Government how they have ensured that the Special Envoy for Freedom of Religion or Belief maintains total independence following the government of Bahrain's funding of his trip to that country between 8 and 10 October 2019.
A
Answered on: 20 January 2020

​The Prime Minister's Special Envoy for Freedom of Religion or Belief (FoRB) visited Bahrain on 8-10 October 2019, marking his first official trip in the role. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office covered the cost of his flights while the Government of Bahrain provided his accommodation, as they regularly do for visiting dignitaries. We do not consider that this compromised his independence in his role as Special Envoy. Throughout his visit he met religious leaders and visited places of worship and meeting halls from the range of different faiths represented in Bahrain to discuss FoRB.

Q
Asked by Dan Jarvis
(Barnsley Central)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 15 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Political Prisoners
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the re-imposition of the death sentence for Bahraini prisoners, Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa, if he will make representations to his Bahraini counterpart on overturning the death sentences of those prisoners on appeal.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 20 January 2020

As I said on 8 January, we are deeply concerned about the death sentences given to Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa. The UK has raised the matter with senior members of the Government of Bahrain. The UK's position on the use of the death penalty is longstanding and clear; we oppose its use in all circumstances and countries. The Government of Bahrain is fully aware of our position.

Q
(Brighton, Pavilion)
Asked on: 09 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Political Prisoners
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what representations he has made to his counterpart in the Bahrain Government on the reimposition of the death sentences for Bahraini prisoners Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa; and if he will make a statement.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 16 January 2020

As I tweeted on 8 January, we are deeply concerned about the death sentence given to Mohamed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa. The UK has raised the matter with senior members of the Bahraini Government. The UK's position on the use of the death penalty is longstanding and clear; we oppose its use in all circumstances and countries. The Government of Bahrain is fully aware of our position.

Q
(Brighton, Pavilion)
Asked on: 09 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Human Rights
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if he will make it his policy to end UK assistance to Bahraini justice and security institutions and if he will maintain that policy until the implementation of human rights reforms in Bahrain; and if he will make a statement.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 16 January 2020

Bahrain remains a Foreign and Commonwealth Office human rights priority country and there is further work to be done. The UK is committed to supporting Bahrain-led reform and are confident of its positive impact across a variety of areas including building effective and accountable institutions, strengthening the rule of law, and police and justice reform. We continue to monitor events closely, regularly raising human rights concerns with the Government of Bahrain at senior levels, both in private and public.

Q
Asked by Dan Carden
(Liverpool, Walton)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 13 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Political Prisoners
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, whether he plans to undertake a review of the Government's support for (a) Bahrain’s Special Investigations Unit and (b) the Ombudsman of the Ministry of the Interior, following the death sentences that were handed down on 8 January 2020 to Mohammed Ramadan and Husain Moosa.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 16 January 2020

The UK welcomed the investigation conducted by the Special Investigation Unit on the cases of Mohammed Ramadhan and Hussain Moosa and its recommendation that the cases should be re-tried – a first in Bahrain. As I tweeted on 8 January, we are deeply concerned about the death sentences given to Mohammed Ramadhan and Hussain Moosa. The Government of Bahrain are fully aware that the UK is firmly opposed to the death penalty, in all circumstances. The UK has, and will, continue to monitor the cases closely and raise concerns with senior members of the Bahraini Government.

Bahrain remains a Foreign and Commonwealth Office Human Rights Priority Country; there is more to do, but we believe progress will only be made by working with Bahrain. Assistance, which is kept under regular review, is provided in line with international standards, and fully complies with our human rights obligations and the Overseas Security and Justice Assistance process.

Grouped Questions: 2592
Q
Asked by Dan Carden
(Liverpool, Walton)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 13 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Political Prisoners
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the re-imposition of the death sentence for Bahraini prisoners Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa, if he will publish the assessment made under the Overseas Security and Justice Assistance guidance for training provided by the College of Policing to Bahrain’s Special Investigations Unit and Ombudsman; and whether that guidance was approved by a Minister of his Department.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 16 January 2020

The UK welcomed the investigation conducted by the Special Investigation Unit on the cases of Mohammed Ramadhan and Hussain Moosa and its recommendation that the cases should be re-tried – a first in Bahrain. As I tweeted on 8 January, we are deeply concerned about the death sentences given to Mohammed Ramadhan and Hussain Moosa. The Government of Bahrain are fully aware that the UK is firmly opposed to the death penalty, in all circumstances. The UK has, and will, continue to monitor the cases closely and raise concerns with senior members of the Bahraini Government.

Bahrain remains a Foreign and Commonwealth Office Human Rights Priority Country; there is more to do, but we believe progress will only be made by working with Bahrain. Assistance, which is kept under regular review, is provided in line with international standards, and fully complies with our human rights obligations and the Overseas Security and Justice Assistance process.

Grouped Questions: 2591
Q
(Brighton, Pavilion)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 13 January 2020
Department for International Trade
Trade Agreements
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, with which countries the UK has (a) trade working groups, (b) trade policy dialogues and (c) trade and investment working groups that (i) are currently operating and (ii) have concluded since the finalisation of a continuity trade agreement.
A
Answered by: Conor Burns
Answered on: 16 January 2020

We are working with countries across the world to develop our current trade relationships and ensure that Britain becomes a global free trade leader once we leave the EU.

The UK regularly engages with partners through dialogues, visits and events. These are led by ministerial discussions and visits, our network of Posts, HM Trade Commissioners, discussions with embassies in London, and the Prime Minister’s Trade Envoys.

In addition to the ongoing engagement in the Trade Agreement Continuity Programme, we have established Working Groups with the USA, Australia, New Zealand, China, India, Japan and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), comprising Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE.

Q
Asked by Mary Glindon
(North Tyneside)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 09 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Political Prisoners
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what representations he has made to his counterpart in the Bahrain Government on the reimposition of death sentences against Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa on 8 January 2020 in Bahrain.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 14 January 2020

As I tweeted on 8 January, we are deeply concerned about the death sentence given to Mohamed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa. The UK has raised the matter with senior members of the Bahraini Government. The UK's position on the use of the death penalty is longstanding and clear; we oppose its use in all circumstances and countries. The Government of Bahrain is fully aware of our position. ​

Q
(Hornsey and Wood Green)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 09 January 2020
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Political Prisoners
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what representations he has made to his Bahraini counterpart on not upholding on appeal the death sentences of prisoners Mohammed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 14 January 2020

As I tweeted on 8 January, we are deeply concerned about the death sentence given to Mohamed Ramadhan and Husain Moosa. The UK has raised the matter with senior members of the Bahraini Government. The UK's position on the use of the death penalty is longstanding and clear; we oppose its use in all circumstances and countries. The Government of Bahrain is fully aware of our position. ​

Q
Asked by Stewart Hosie
(Dundee East)
Asked on: 08 January 2020
Department for International Trade
Trade Agreements
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, whether there are trade working groups or equivalents with all the countries that his Department is or has been negotiating trade continuity agreements; and with which other countries there are trade working groups or equivalents.
A
Answered by: Conor Burns
Answered on: 13 January 2020

We are working with countries across the world to develop our current trade relationships and ensure that Britain becomes a global free trade leader once we leave the EU.

Working groups are one means of engagement with our trading partners. Others include informal contact through our network of Posts, discussions with embassies in London, ministerial discussions and visits, the Prime Minister’s Trade Envoys, and HM Trade Commissioners.

In addition to the ongoing engagement in the Trade Agreement Continuity Programme, we have established Working Groups with the USA, Australia, New Zealand, China, India, Japan and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), comprising Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE.

Q
Asked by Tom Brake
(Carshalton and Wallington)
[N]
Close

Named Day

'Named day' questions only occur in the House of Commons. The MP tabling the question specifies the date on which they should receive an answer. MPs may not table more than five named day questions on a single day.

Asked on: 30 October 2019
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Human Rights
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what assessment his Department made of the (a) human rights situation in Bahrain since the execution of three men in that country in July 2019 and (b) efficacy of the UK Government's technical assistance programme to Bahrain.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 04 November 2019

Bahrain remains a Foreign and Commonwealth Office human rights priority country, partly because of the use of the death penalty. Following the execution of three men in July 2019, Lord Ahmad issued a statement expressing deep concern and the UK raised the matter at the September Human Rights Council in Geneva. In addition, I called Dr Sheikh Abdullah, Bahraini Undersecretary for International Affairs following the executions, to express our disappointment. The Government of Bahrain is fully aware of the UK’s clear and longstanding position; we oppose the death penalty in all circumstances and all countries.

On British assistance, we are committed to supporting Bahrain-led reform and are confident of its positive impact across a variety of areas including building effective and accountable institutions, strengthening the rule of law, and police and justice reform. We continue to monitor events closely, regularly raising human rights concerns with the Government of Bahrain at senior levels, both in private and public, and most recently at the UK-Bahrain Joint Working Group on 17 October.

Q
(North East Fife)
Asked on: 23 October 2019
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Bahrain: Foreign Relations
Commons
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what recent assessment he has made of diplomatic relations between UK and Bahrain.
A
Answered by: Dr Andrew Murrison
Answered on: 31 October 2019

The UK and Bahrain continue to have a close and important relationship, which has flourished for more than 200 years. We cooperate on a number of pillars: defence; security; trade and investment. We work together on shared concerns about regional issues and the UK continues to provide technical assistance to Bahrain’s ongoing reform agenda.

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