Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is a crime and it is child abuse. The Government is clear that we will not tolerate a practice that can cause extreme and lifelong suffering to women and girls.
The Home Office does not collate information on arrests and prosecutions centrally. Information on FGM referrals from the police to the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) from 2010-18 is available in the CPS’s Violence Against Women and Girls Report. To date, there have been no convictions for FGM.
The Serious Crime Act 2015 introduced a number of measures to help overcome the barriers to prosecution, including: a new mandatory reporting duty for known cases of FGM in under-18s; extended extra-territorial jurisdiction over FGM offences committed abroad; lifelong anonymity for victims; FGM Protection Orders (FGMPOs), and a new offence of failure to protect a girl from the risk of FGM. To date, 248 FGMPOs have been made to protect victims and those at risk.
In addition, the police and CPS have put in place joint FGM investigation and prosecution protocols. Border Force, the police and other agencies regularly carry out joint operations at the border to raise awareness of practices such as FGM. Earlier this month, the Home Office launched an FGM communications campaign which seeks to prevent FGM by changing attitudes among affected communities. The campaign also highlights that FGM is a crime and encourages communities to report.