The public sector equality duty requires all schools to have due regard to the need to eliminate discrimination, advance equality and foster good relations between lesbian, gay, bisexual and transsexual (LGBT) pupils and those who do not share those protected characteristics. It is up to schools to decide how to support LGBT pupils and the Government is taking steps to support them.
Research shows that individuals who are, or are perceived to be, LGBT are disproportionately affected by bullying. That is why the Government Equalities Office is funding school programmes aimed at building schools’ knowledge and capacity to prevent and tackle homophobic, biphobic and transphobic bullying. The Government Equalities Office has also provided this guidance and links to support and services for LGBT individuals, including support for children and young people: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/advice-and-support-for-lgbt-people#children-and-young-people-up-to-the-age-of-19.
The Department is developing a resource to help schools to create Respectful School Communities, which aims to reduce bullying behaviour both offline and online. This work will help schools deliver their equalities, behaviour, bullying and safeguarding duties in a way that minimises the burdens upon them. Sex and Relationship Education also helps to provide pupils with key knowledge and skills to ensure that they can develop healthy and positive relationships, regardless of their sexual orientation.