As of March 2013, the Minimising and Managing Physical Restraint (MMPR) system has been gradually rolled out across Secure Training Centres (STCs) and under-18 Young Offender Institutes (YOIs).
As part of the MMPR roll out, the Serious Injuries and Warning Signs (SIWS) system was introduced for reporting incidents where a restraint resulted in a young person or member of staff being seriously injured and requiring hospital treatment or showing warning signs of serious injury. When a SIWS report is made, the MMPR national team based at the National Offender Management Service (NOMS) is responsible for investigating the incident (at both STCs and YOIs), along with the Independent Medical Advisor to NOMS.
We published data on MMPR incidents which result in serious injuries as part of the yoth justice annual statistics 2014/15:
Since the SIWS system has only been rolled out in a few institutions gradually, this is not currently routinely published but we are considering the routine publication of all SIWS data in the future.
The table below provides a breakdown of the number of exception incidents submitted by STCs and under-18 YOIs for the period 2013 to 2015. Due to the gradual roll out of the SIWS system, the table includes information on incidents reported under both the previous PCC system and the new SIWS system for STCs. As under-18 YOIs did not use the PCC system (YOIs used a system called Control and Restraint), the table only includes incidents reported as part of the new SIWS system for under-18 YOIs. Information on the SIWS system roll-out dates by institution can be found in the notes for the table below.
Care should be taken when comparing figures between years and sectors as the annual totals are based on different numbers of institutions, which have implemented MMPR at different points in time. For STCs, the table also includes reports submitted under the previous PCC exception reporting system prior to implementing MMPR.
The table below sets out the number of exception incidents related to use of force submitted to the National Offender Management Service between 2013 and 2015 for STCs and under-18 YOIs:
Secure Training Centres
Under-18 Youth Offender Institutions
The table below sets out the MMPR roll out dates for those institutions currently using the MMPR system:
MMPR and SIWS reporting system roll-out date
Used PCC exception reporting system prior to MMPR?
Cookham Wood YOI
The SIWS reporting system is not currently used by SCHs and therefore no information is held centrally for this sector.