Brexit: social policy, education and employment

How will exiting the European Union affect the UK's social policy, education and employment? Read research and analysis from Parliament's libraries and committees on the impact of Brexit.

Health and social care

Leaving the EU: antimicrobial resistance
Lords Library research briefing
Examines three areas in which the UK's exit from the EU may affect the addressing of antimicrobial resistance

The impact of Brexit on the pharmaceutical sector
Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Committee report
Calls on the Government to secure a deal for the pharmaceutical industry that ensures close regulatory alignment with the EU

Brexit: reciprocal healthcare
EU Home Affairs Sub-Committee report
Says the rights of UK citizens to hold an EHIC card for treatment in the EU will cease without an agreement on reciprocal healthcare

Leaving the EU: health and welfare of UK citizens and residents
Lords Library research briefing
Looks at EU workers in the NHS and social care, funding for public services and arrangements for reciprocal healthcare provision

Effect on the NHS of the UK leaving the EU
Commons Library research briefing
Overview of some areas of healthcare that could potentially be affected by Brexit

Brexit: medicines, medical devices and substances of human origin
Health and Social Care Committee report
Urges UK and EU negotiators to prioritise patient safety by securing the closest possible regulatory alignment the next round of Brexit talks

NHS staff from overseas: statistics
Commons Library research briefing
Provides data on the nationality of NHS staff for doctors, nurses and other categories, and changes since the Brexit vote

Brexit and medicines regulation
Commons Library research briefing
Overview of UK medicines regulation, the relationship with the EMA and regulatory agencies in EU member states and post-Brexit options

One NHS, many nationalities: 2017
Commons Library Insight
Looks at statistics of NHS staff from other EU countries and their roles in healthcare

Brexit and health and social care – people and process
Health and Social Care Committee report
Examines Brexit and health and social care, looking at negotiation preparations, workforce numbers and reciprocal healthcare

NHS staff from overseas: statistics
Commons Library research briefing, updated 7 February 2017
Statistics on the nationality of NHS doctors, nurses and support staff across various regions in England

NHS and social care workforce
Lords Library research briefing
Explores the implications of leaving the EU on the NHS and social care workforce, particularly with regard to 'safe' staffing levels

Education

The future of the Erasmus+ Scheme after 2020
Commons Library research briefing
Background information about the Erasmus programme, including relevant press and parliamentary material

The Erasmus Programme
Commons Library research briefing
Provides information on the Erasmus+ programme and discusses the future position of the UK with regard to the scheme post Brexit

International and EU students in higher education in the UK FAQs
Commons Library research briefing, updated 21 February 2018
Answers questions about international and EU students in the UK, sets out statistics in this area and outlines policy issues

Impact of exiting the EU on higher education
Commons Library research briefing
Provides an overview of issues concerning higher education as a result of Brexit and outlines parliamentary debate in this area

Exiting the EU: challenges and opportunities for higher education
Education Committee report
Calls for clarity over university staff from the EU and for immigration to better meet the needs of higher education

Employment

European Social Fund
Work and Pensions Committee report
Argues that any gap in payments between the existing European Social Fund and a new fund would be disastrous

Employment of other EU nationals in the UK
Commons Library research briefing
Provides statistics on nationals of other EU countries working in the UK and the types of work they do

Brexit: employment law
Commons Library research briefing
Discusses the interaction between UK and EU employment law, the potential impact of Brexit and the Government's position on the issue

Pensions

Brexit – implications for private pensions
Commons Library research briefing
Looks at the emerging discussion about the potential implications of Brexit for EU pensions

Brexit and state pensions
Commons Library research briefing, updated 18 July 2018
Looks at EU law providing for the co-ordination of State Pension entitlement and the possible impact of Brexit

Brexit – implications for private pensions
Commons Library research briefing
Looks at the emerging discussion about the potential implications of Brexit for EU pensions

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