Brexit: science, environment and transport

What are the implications of exiting the European Union on the UK's involvement in the scientific community and energy and environmental issues? How will Brexit affect the UK's transport system? Read research and analysis from Parliament's libraries and committees on the impact of Brexit.

Science and research

Delivering STEM skills for the economy
Public Accounts Committee report
Warns of potential Brexit impact on the supply of STEM skills and calls for action on gender imbalances

What can artificial intelligence reveal about Brexit?
Commons Library Insight
Research on how a deep learning algorithm can recognise patterns in the words used in Brexit-related debates in the House of Commons

Research and development funding
Public Accounts Committee report
Highlights concerns over the impact of Brexit, leadership effectiveness and safeguarding of benefits

Brexit, science and innovation
Science and Technology Committee report
Calls for an early deal for science and research with the EU to set a positive tone for other elements of the Brexit negotiations

Science diplomacy
Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology research
Explains what science diplomacy involves and considers the role science diplomacy could play post-Brexit

What can research tell us about Brexit?
Commons Library Insight
Overview of how researchers are engaging with Brexit and what they are discovering

Industrial Strategy: science and STEM skills
Science and Technology Committee report
Welcomes the Government's industrial strategy Green Paper but it could give more room for discussing its links with Brexit

Support for science
Commons Library research briefing
Looks at public funding for research and how the scientific community responds to the UK's decision to the leave the EU

Exiting the EU and science and research
Commons Library research briefing
Information on the impact of exiting the EU on science and research, listing related press articles and Parliamentary material

Implications and opportunities for science and research
Science and Technology Committee report
Urges the Government to exempt EU scientists and researchers already working in the UK from immigration controls

Leaving the EU: funding for universities and scientific research
Lords Library research briefing
Looks at current university and research funding in the UK and some of the key issues raised following the referendum result

Energy

Nuclear Safeguards Bill (PDF 130 KB)
Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee report
Assesses the extent to which the provisions of the Nuclear Safeguards Bill delegate legislative power

Overseas electricity interconnection
Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology research
Discusses the benefits of interconnection between electricity markets, proposals for future increases and potential impact of Brexit

Nuclear Safeguards Bill: briefing for Lords stages
Lords Library research briefing
Overview of the purpose of the Nuclear Safeguards Bill and its passage through the House of Commons

Brexit: energy security
EU Energy and Environment Sub-Committee report
Argues that Brexit will put the UK's current frictionless trade in energy with the EU at risk

European Atomic Energy Community
European Scrutiny Committee report
Calls on the Government to explain how it will ensure there is a secure supply of medical radioisotopes used to detect cancer

Leaving the EU: implications for the civil nuclear sector
Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Committee report
Calls on the Government to retain a close association with Euratom to minimise risk of disruption to nuclear research and trade

The Nuclear Safeguards Bill 2017–19
Commons Library research briefing, updated 24 May 2018
Discusses the background and content of the Bill, which makes provision for nuclear safeguards after the UK leaves Euratom

Euratom
Commons Library research briefing, updated 12 March 2018
Overview of the work of Euratom and the potential impact of leaving the EU on Britain's current nuclear operations

Negotiation priorities for energy and climate change policy
Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Committee report
Warns that the Government has left the UK nuclear industry at risk and must act to ensure its continued operation post-Brexit

Leaving the European Union: Euratom
Lords Library research briefing
Overview of Euratom and the possible implications of leaving Euratom for the future of the nuclear industry and research in the UK

Environment

Brexit: plant and animal biosecurity
EU Energy and Environment Sub-Committee inquiry
Looks into the impact of Brexit on the UK's plant and animal biosecurity

Brexit and air quality
Commons Library research briefing, updated 13 June 2018
Overview of how EU air quality legislation and policy is enshrined in the UK legal framework and possible changes after Brexit

Brexit and the environment
Commons Library research briefing, updated 8 August 2018
Discusses current environmental law and policy, preparations for Brexit and the possibility of a tailored approach to the environment

Brexit and trade in waste
EU Energy and Environment Sub-Committee inquiry
Rountable discussion with organisations from the UK and Europe exploring the potential impact of Brexit on the UK's trade in waste

Brexit and the environment
Commons Library Insight
Examines the possible future approach to environmental policy in the UK post-Brexit

Leaving the European Union: UK climate change policy
Lords Library research briefing
Overview of EU legislation on climate change, its implementation in the UK and the implications of Brexit on targets in UK law

The future of chemicals regulation after the EU referendum
Environmental Audit Committee report
Urges the Government to provide clarity on the future of chemicals regulation after the EU referendum

Brexit: environment and climate change
EU Energy and Environment Sub-Committee report
Highlights key actions that will be needed to ensure environmental protections are not eroded as a result of Brexit

The future of the natural environment after the EU referendum
Environmental Audit Committee report
Suggests that protections for wildlife and habitats could be weaker after Brexit if the Government doesn't take action

Leaving the EU: environment and climate change
Lords Library research briefing
Overview of EU legislation relating to the environment and climate change, and how it has been implemented in the UK

EU and UK environmental policy
Environmental Audit Committee report
Concludes that EU membership has been a crucial factor in shaping UK environmental policy on air and water pollution and biodiversity

Transport

Haulage Permits and Trailer Registration Act 2018
Commons Library research briefing, updated 9 August 2018
Outlines the background and provisions of the Bill and explains the issues raised in the House of Lords

Freight and Brexit
Transport Committee inquiry
Examines the potential effects of Brexit on UK freight operations and how operators, their customers and the Government should prepare

Brexit and transport
Commons Library research briefing
Discusses some of the pertinent issues in the four main transport policy areas: aviation, railways, roads and maritime

Haulage Permits and Trailer Registration Bill
Constitution Committee report
Argues that the Bill's inclusion of broad delegated powers challenges the balance of power between Parliament and Government

Haulage Permits and Trailer Registration Bill (PDF 111 KB)
Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee report
Report examining the extent to which the provisions of the bill inappropriately delegate legislative power

Haulage Permits and Trailer Registration Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Lords Library research briefing
Overview of the Bill, which aims to allow UK hauliers to continue operating internationally after the UK leaves the EU

Brexit: how will it affect transport?
Commons Library research briefing, updated 12 June 2017
Examines some of the issues in the four main transport policy areas: aviation, railways, roads and maritime

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