Brexit: legislation

What legislation is required for the UK's withdrawal from the EU? How will the UK convert EU-derived law into domestic law? Read research and analysis from Parliament's libraries and committees on legislating for Brexit.

European Union (Withdrawal) Bill

Amendments to the EU withdrawal bill

Withdrawal Bill: scrutiny of secondary legislation (Schedule 7) update
Commons Library research briefing, updated 9 July 2018
Reviews the amendments made to the EU withdrawal bill that concern how the two Houses sift statutory instruments

European Union (Withdrawal) Bill 2017–19: Ping Pong
Commons Library research briefing, 19 June 2018
Provides details of areas where the two Houses are yet to agree on the text of the EU withdrawal bill

Grieve 2: an amendable motion?
Commons Library Insight, 19 June 2018
Looks at the 'Grieve 2' amendment, which proposes to guarantee that the Commons can consider a motion on the Government's Brexit policy

EU (Withdrawal) Bill: Commons Consideration of Lords Amendments
Lords Library research briefing, 15 June 2018
Overview of the new provisions added to the bill through amendments made in the Commons before it returns to the Lords

EU (Withdrawal) Bill: Where are we now on the 'meaningful vote'?
Commons Library Insight, 15 June 2018
Looks at the Grieve amendment, the Government's amendment in lieu and the original Lords Amendment 19

Brexit divisions – Commons votes on the EU (Withdrawal) Bill
Commons Library research briefing, 12 June 2018
Information on the divisions during the passage of the bill during its Second Reading, Report Stage and Third Reading in the Commons

Last chance for compromise? Devolution and the EU (Withdrawal) Bill
Commons Library Insight, 11 June 2018
Looks at the areas of disagreement about the devolution provisions in the bill and what proposed opposition amendments would entail

Parliament's right to a meaningful vote
Commons Library Insight, 11 June 2018
Will the Commons accept or reject the Lords' meaningful vote amendment to the EU (Withdrawal) Bill?

EU (Withdrawal) Bill: Commons consideration of Lords amendments
Commons Library research briefing, 5 June 2018
Summarises amendments to the bill and provides information about procedures for Commons consideration of Lords amendments

European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: Summary of Lords Amendments
Lords Library research briefing, 18 May 2018
Summarises amendments made to the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill in the House of Lords

European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: Lords Report Stage
Lords Library research briefing, 14 May 2018
Summarises amendments made to the EU withdrawal bill by the House of Lords at report stage

Provisions of the EU withdrawal bill

European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: Lords Committee Stage
Lords Library research briefing, 12 April 2018
Overview of areas of the bill where the Government indicated it would further consider issues raised in amendments tabled by Members

European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: briefing for Lords stages
Lords Library research briefing, 25 January 2018
Examines the provisions of the bill and outlines its passage through the Commons ahead of Second Reading in the Lords

The EU (Withdrawal) Bill: Summary of Commons Committee Stage
Commons Library research briefing, 9 January 2018
Summarises the main areas of debate, commitments made by the Government and amendments agreed in the committee stage

The European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: exit day
Commons Library research briefing, 18 December 2017
Addresses the domestic legal concept of exit day defined by the EU withdrawal bill as well as amendments tabled relating to exit day

EU (Withdrawal) Bill: clauses 9, 8 and 17
Commons Library research briefing, 11 December 2017
Examines delegated powers for ministers to make secondary legislation to prepare for Brexit, set out in clauses 9, 8 and 17

EU (Withdrawal) Bill: scrutiny of secondary legislation (Schedule 7)
Commons Library research briefing, 7 December 2017
Reviews proposals by the Government and the Procedure Committee to scrutinise delegated legislation made under the EU withdrawal bill

European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: clause 7 "the correcting power"
Commons Library research briefing, 6 December 2017
Looks at delegated power to ensure retained EU law functions effectively after Brexit, set out in clause 7 of the EU withdrawal bill

EU (Withdrawal) Bill: Financial provision and fees and charges
Commons Library research briefing, 1 December 2017
Discusses spending and powers to impose charges for new functions, set out in clause 12 and Schedule 4 of the EU withdrawal bill

The European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: Devolution
Commons Library research briefing, 24 November 2017
Examines the provisions of the EU withdrawal bill concerning devolution, including legislative and executive competence

Withdrawal Bill: Charter, general principles and Francovich damages
Commons Library research briefing, 17 November 2017
Addresses clauses 5(4) and 5(5) of the EU withdrawal bill, which specify exceptions to the bill's retention and conversion of EU law

The European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: Retained EU law
Commons Library research briefing, 10 November 2017
Looks at clauses 2, 3 and 4 of the EU withdrawal bill, which convert EU law and preserve existing EU-related domestic legislation

The EU (Withdrawal) Bill: Supremacy and the Court of Justice
Commons Library research briefing, 8 November 2017
Addresses clauses 5 and 6 of the EU withdrawal bill, which instruct the courts on the status and interpretation of retained EU law

European Union (Withdrawal) Bill
Commons Library research briefing, 1 September 2017
Examines the provisions of the EU withdrawal bill and their possible impact

Analysis of the EU withdrawal bill

EU (Withdrawal) Bill: Further Government Amendments (PDF 116 KB)
Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee, 26 April 2018
Analyses some of the additional amendments to the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill tabled by the Government

EU (Withdrawal) Bill: Government Amendments (PDF 128 KB)
Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee, 23 April 2018
Assesses the amendments tabled by the Government for report stage of the EU withdrawal bill

European Union (Withdrawal) Bill
Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee, 1 February 2018
Criticises the withdrawal bill for failing to provide sufficient parliamentary scrutiny of the law-making powers it gives to Ministers

European Union (Withdrawal) Bill
Exiting the European Union Committee report, 1 February 2018
Report on the bill's provisions for converting EU law, the implications for devolution settlements and implementing a withdrawal agreement

European Union (Withdrawal) Bill
Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee report, 28 September 2017
Recommends that secondary legislation stemming from the withdrawal bill should be subject to full scrutiny of Parliament

The EU (Withdrawal) Bill: constitutional change and legal continuity
Commons Library Insight, 18 July 2017
Looks at some of the main elements of the EU withdrawal bill, in terms of constitutional change and legal continuity

The Great Repeal Bill
Commons Library Insight, 21 June 2017
Overview of proposed legislation to repeal all EU law on exit day and implement the withdrawal agreement 

Legislating for Brexit: the Great Repeal Bill
Commons Library research briefing, 2 May 2017
Examines the three main elements of the Great Repeal Bill and how it might address the status of EU-derived law after Brexit

The 'Great Repeal Bill' and delegated powers
Constitution Committee report, 7 March 2017
Report argues that the Government should not use delegated powers to avoid Parliamentary scrutiny in the forthcoming 'Great Repeal Bill'

Miller and the Great Repeal Bill
Commons Library Insight, 7 December 2016
What are the connections between the Great Repeal Bill and the Miller case in the Supreme Court?

European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Act 2017

Scrutiny of delegated legislation under the EU (Withdrawal) Act 2018
Procedure Committee report, 9 July 2018
Sets out how a new European Statutory Instruments Committee should function to scrutinise Brexit legislation

EU (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill: analysis of Lords' amendments
Commons Library research briefing, 10 March 2017
Analyses the Lords' new clauses on EU/EEA citizens in the UK and on a 'meaningful vote' at the end of the negotiations

EU (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Lords Library research briefing, 20 February 2017
Provides information on the European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill ahead of its second reading

European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill
Commons Library research briefing, 30 January 2017
What does the bill do, why is it needed and can the Article 50 notice be revoked?

Legislating for Brexit

Brexit: devolved legislature business
Commons Library briefing paper, 15 October 2018
This paper is a record of Brexit-related business in the devolved legislatures.

Legislating for the withdrawal agreement
Commons Library research briefing, 7 September 2018
Outlines the Government white paper on legislating for the withdrawal agreement ahead of the general debate on 10 September 2018

Legislating for transition: A stay of execution for the European Communities Act?
Commons Library Insight, 2 August 2018
Explains what the white paper reveals about how the Government will implement or amend EU law during a potential transition period

The status of "retained EU Law"
Commons Library research briefing, 31 July 2018
Looks at the process of converting EU law into a new type of domestic law, who can change this new law and how

European Union (Information, etc.) Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
Lords Library research briefing, 16 July 2018
Overview of the bill, which makes provision for information on the EU and town twinning support schemes to be made publicly available

Legislating for Brexit: EU decisions
Commons Library research briefing, 19 January 2018
Examines the different types of EU decisions and how the EU withdrawal bill will deal with them

Exiting the European Union: scrutiny of delegated legislation
Procedure Committee report, 6 November 2017
Calls for a new "sifting committee" to be set up to determine which proposed pieces of delegated legislation need detailed scrutiny by MPs

Legislating for Brexit: EU directives
Commons Library research briefing, 5 April 2017
Considers what will happen to EU directives when the UK leaves the EU and examines the EU directives currently in force in the UK

Legislating for Brexit: the White Paper
Commons Library Insight, 31 March 2017
Examines the details of the Government's White Paper on legislating for the UK's withdrawal from the EU

Legislating for Brexit: Statutory Instruments implementing EU law
Commons Library research briefing, 16 January 2017
Looks at how the majority of EU directives are implemented in the UK and lists EU-related UK Statutory Instruments

Legislating for Brexit: directly applicable EU law
Commons Library research briefing, 12 January 2017
Explains what 'directly applicable' EU law is, how it applies in the UK and estimates how many EU regulations are in force

Legislating for Brexit: EU external agreements
Commons Library research briefing, 5 January 2017
Examines how Brexit might affect EU external agreements and lists bilateral and multilateral agreements

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