Brexit: defence, security and immigration

How will exiting the European Union affect the UK's defence, security and immigration policies? Read research and analysis from Parliament's libraries and committees on the impact of Brexit.

Defence and security

Government's proposals for a future security partnership with the EU
Defence Committee report
Calls for further clarity from the Government on how Britain will co-operate with the EU on defence issues during and after Brexit

Proposed UK–EU security treaty
Lords Library research briefing
Overview of current UK–EU cooperation on security and justice as well as proposals for future cooperation in this area

Brexit: Common Security and Defence Policy missions and operations
EU External Affairs Sub-Committee report
Concludes that the UK may be able to participate in CSDP missions and operations post-Brexit but will lose its influence

Ministry of Defence: Acquisition and support of defence equipment
Public Accounts Committee report
Urges the Ministry of Defence to do all it can to ensure UK suppliers of defence equipment are not disadvantaged by Brexit

UK–EU security cooperation after Brexit
Home Affairs Committee report
Warns of serious legal, constitutional and political obstacles in the way of continued close policing and security cooperation after Brexit

Brexit: the proposed UK-EU security treaty
EU Home Affairs Sub-Committee inquiry
Examines the practical and legal challenges for negotiating a security treaty with the EU and what such a treaty might cover

European defence: where is it heading?
Commons Library research briefing, updated 1 May 2018
Examines possible developments related to the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy post-Brexit

Brexit position paper: foreign policy, defence and development
Defence Committee inquiry
Examines the implications of the Government's Brexit position paper on foreign policy, defence and development

Brexit: implications for national security
Commons Library research briefing
Examines the possible impact of Brexit on national security and Europe-wide sharing of secret intelligence

UK armed forces and diplomatic service
Lords Library research briefing
Looks at the UK's current defence capabilities and diplomatic service, and future prospects for the UK's global role after Brexit

Foreign and security policy cooperation
Lords Library research briefing
Examines the implications of Brexit for future cooperation with the EU on security, defence, law enforcement and counter-terrorism

International relations

Overview

Brexit: UK–Irish relations
European Union Committee inquiry
Follow-up inquiry on the impact of Brexit on UK–Irish relations, focusing on the negotiations and the status of the land border

The future of UK diplomacy in Europe
Foreign Affairs Committee report
Calls on Government to clarify what level of access to EU foreign, security and defence policy decision-making it aims to secure

Brexit: overseas development assistance
Lords Library research briefing
House of Lords briefing examining the possible impact of Brexit on overseas aid

Leaving the EU: the UK and Ireland
Lords Library research briefing
Assesses the implications of Brexit on the UK's relationship with Ireland in regard to peace and security, border controls and trade

Equipping the Government for Brexit
Foreign Affairs Committee report
Recommends that the Government increases funding for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to deal with Brexit

International sanctions

Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Bill: Consideration of Commons Amendments (PDF 172 KB)
Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee report
Examines amendments made to the Bill in the Commons that confer new delegated powers

Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Bill – Committee Stage report
Commons Library research briefing
Analyses amendments made during Committee Stage of the Bill, which provides a legal basis to impose sanctions regimes after Brexit

Legislative Scrutiny: The Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Bill
Joint Committee on Human Rights report
Report scrutinising the Bill, which provides the legal framework for sanctions and anti-money laundering measures after EU withdrawal

The Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Bill 2017–19
Commons Library research briefing
Overview of the Bill, which establishes a national sanctions legal framework and updates the national anti-money laundering regime

Brexit: sanctions policy
EU External Affairs Sub-Committee report
Report concludes that the effectiveness of UK sanctions will be undermined unless there is future policy co-operation with the EU

Exiting the EU and sanctions
Commons Library research briefing
Examines the implications of Brexit on the legislation governing the imposition of international sanctions

Immigration

Seasonal migrant workers
Commons Library research briefing
Background to the debate on seasonal migrant workers and the future prospects of a post-Brexit immigration system

Post-Brexit migration policy
Home Affairs Committee inquiry
Explores post-Brexit migration arrangements including potential trade-offs between economic integration and migration policy

Home Office delivery of Brexit: immigration
Home Affairs Committee report
Report warns of serious problems for immigration service delivery and border security due to lack of decisions, planning and resources

Brexit: movement of people in sport and culture
EU Home Affairs Sub-Committee inquiry
Examines possible future arrangements for the movement of people between the UK and EU in the fields of sports and culture

Immigration and Scotland
Scottish Affairs Committee inquiry
Investigates what post-Brexit immigration arrangements for EU citizens would best meet Scotland's needs

Brexit and the labour market
Economic Affairs Committee report
Says the Government will struggle to take control of immigration unless major improvements are made to the quality of migration data

Brexit and borders: migration and asylum
Commons Library Insight
Examines the impact of Brexit on the immigration status of EU citizens in the UK, and future policy on migration from the EU to the UK

Brexit: UK–EU movement of people
EU Home Affairs Sub-Committee report
Urges the Government to offer preferential treatment to EU nationals in future immigration policy

Children in crisis: unaccompanied migrant children in the EU
EU Home Affairs Sub-Committee report
Says unaccompanied migrant children are being systematically let down by the EU, including the UK

Border controls

The land border between Northern Ireland and Ireland
Northern Ireland Affairs Committee report
Expresses concern over progress in finding a solution to the UK–Ireland land border and the absence of a technical solution

Brexit and the UK border
Public Accounts Committee report
Report says UK border could be exposed from first day of Brexit and Government planning is too relient on a transitional period

Home Office delivery of Brexit: customs operations
Home Affairs Committee report
Says the Government's lack of contingency planning for post-Brexit customs operations risks major border disruption

Leaving the EU: Frontex and UK border security cooperation
Lords Library research briefing
Information on Frontex, the body responsible for coordinating and improving the border security of the Schengen area

Citizenship and residency rights

European Union citizenship
Commons Library research briefing
Looks at EU citizenship as defined in the treaties and views on associate citizenship status after the UK leaves the EU

Brexit: impact on free movement rights?
Commons Library research briefing, updated 11 July 2017
Looks at the post-Brexit status of EU citizens currently resident in the UK and British citizens in the EU

Government's negotiating objectives: rights of UK and EU citizens
Exiting the European Union Committee report
Calls for Government to safeguard the rights of EU nationals in the UK and protect rights to healthcare and pensions

Single Market, citizens' rights and future economic requirements
Lords Library research briefing
Examines the impact on the rights of EU citizens living in the UK and considers the UK's future economic requirements

The human rights implications of Brexit
Joint Committee on Human Rights report
Says the Government must not use fundamental rights as a bargaining chip and calls for protection of residency rights

Brexit: acquired rights
EU Justice Sub-Committee report
Calls on the Government to safeguard EU citizenship rights in the withdrawal agreement

Further reading

Brexit: 'Global Britain' – reading list
Commons Library research briefing
Reading list of material on the concept of a 'Global Britain' in a post-Brexit future

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