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Dissolution of Parliament

The dissolution of Parliament took place on Thursday 30 May 2024. All business in the House of Commons and House of Lords has come to an end. There are currently no MPs and every seat in the Commons is vacant until after the general election on 4 July 2024.

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Dissolution of Parliament

6 November 2019 (updated on 6 November 2019)

Image of UK Parliament portcullis

At 00.01am on Wednesday 6 November, Parliament was dissolved. Under the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011, the dissolution of Parliament must happen 25 days before a general election.

The last session of Parliament began with the Queen's Speech on 14 October 2019 and lasted three weeks and two days.

In that time MPs said goodbye to Speaker John Bercow and elected Speaker Lindsay Hoyle, sat on a Saturday for the first time since 1982 and passed legislation for an early parliamentary general election.

Sir Lindsay Hoyle elected Speaker

On 4 November, Sir Lindsay Hoyle MP was elected to replace John Bercow as Speaker, whose last day in the Chair was Thursday 31 October. After four rounds of voting, Sir Lindsay gained 325 votes. After being dragged to the Chair he gave his first speech, where he vowed to "ensure that parliamentary debate is often robust but always respectful".

Saturday sitting

The House of Commons sat on Saturday 19 October to debate the Government's Brexit deal. This was the first time MPs had sat on a Saturday since the Falklands War.

To comply with the Benn Act (officially known as the European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 2) Act 2019) the House of Commons needed to agree to this deal, vote for a no deal before Saturday 19 October 2019 or ask for an extension to Article 50.


MPs passed three pieces of legislation in this session.

Speaker's Chaplain

On 30 October 2019, Rev Canon Patricia Hillas was announced as the new Speaker's Chaplain. A former youth and social worker, Tricia was the Canon Pastor at St Paul's Cathedral, where she supported families affected by the Grenfell tragedy.

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