The Committee decided to retain the Communication under scrutiny and wrote a letter to Harriett Baldwin MP, Minister of State, asking her:
- Where the €42 billion of funding would come from.
- What methodology was used to identify and target the number of people the proposal says would benefit from the outcomes.
- Which countries would be the focus of the Alliance's goal of creating "up to 10 million new jobs in Africa in the next five years" and how the EU would ensure this goal would be met.
- Which countries and regions would be targeted by the Alliance's goal of having 30 million people "benefit from access to electricity" and the assessment that underpins this.
- To what extent EU activity would complement UK activity, especially in relation to the UK programmes across Sub-Saharan Africa.
- To what extent the EU would coordinate the new Alliance with programmes by other actors with similar objectives.
- What level of cooperation there is with the African Union in the design and implementation of the Alliance.
The Committee decided to clear the Communication from scrutiny on 13th December 2018.
Letters from the Minister
Within her letter dated 27 November 2018, the Minister states that:
- The €42 billion of funding would come from the existing allocation for Africa under the current MFF.
- The Commission used a variety of methodologies, including: reviewing the expected results of Proposed Investment Programmes (PIPs) submitted by financial institutions to the European Fund for Sustainable Development; and a review of the results achieved on investment and job creation by EU commitments over the period 2013-17.
- Focal countries for the effort to create 10 million new jobs will be low income and fragile states.
- Energy is a focal sector for EU development work in a number of African countries, including: Sierra Leone, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Côte d'Ivoire. Assessment to determine priority countries underpins the Commission’s staff working document SWD (2017) 482 ‘Empowering Development – the strategic approach to sustainable energy cooperation in development’.
- An example of where the EU and UK are working towards mutual development objectives is the EU’s Africa Investment Platform. The UK and EU are also both members of the Development Partners Coordination Group which supports the delivery of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme, the African Union’s strategic policy framework for the agricultural transformation of the African continent. The EU, like the UK, is also supportive of the African Continental Free Trade area and is working towards regional economic integration through its support to Regional Economic Communities.
For the Minister's response, please see her letters to the Committee below:
Letter to the Minister