Antimicrobial resistance (AMR)

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines antimicrobial resistance (AMR) as resistance of a microorganism to an antimicrobial medicine to which it was originally sensitive. Resistant organisms (including bacteria, fungi, viruses and some parasites) are able to withstand antimicrobial medicines (such as antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals, and antimalarials) so that standard treatments become ineffective and infections persist, increasing the risk of spread to others. The development of AMR is a natural phenomenon but certain human actions accelerate the emergence and spread of AMR.

The scale of the threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and the case for action was set out in the Annual Report of the Chief Medical Officer 2011, published in March 2013. The Government’s UK Five Year Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy 2013 to 2018 sets out actions to address the problem of AMR.



  • Close


    • Reports and associated evidence – Reports of Committee inquires. This category may also include Special Reports where they are used by a Committee to bring matters relating to conduct of its business to the notice of the House.
    • Responses to Reports - Responses may be published as a Special Report, or as a Command Paper. They may also be appended to a Report should the Committee have substantial comments on the Response, in which case they can be found listed under Reports. 
    • Other oral and written evidence - Evidence taken by the Committee that has yet to or did not result in the publication of a Report. This includes transcripts of recent meetings.
    • Estimate Memoranda - An Estimate memorandum is an explanatory note that accompanies a government department’s estimate (a means by which a department seeks authority from Parliament for its spending plans).
    • Correspondence - Correspondence sent from or received by the Committee or its Chair.