Scrutiny of the Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman
The Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman (PHSO) investigates complaints where individuals have been treated unfairly or have received poor service from government departments, other public organisations and the NHS in England. The service that PHSO provides is governed by law, free to use, open to everyone and completely independent.
The Public Administration Select Committee (PASC) scrutinises the reports of the Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman. PASC monitors complaints about the Ombudsman as a way of examining the work of her office and identifying systemic problems, but does not consider individual cases.
The most recent example of PASC holding evidence sessions on particular Ombudsman reports was on Equitable Life in 2009.
Time to Act Severe Sepsis: rapid diagnosis and treatment saves lives
Sepsis is a very common bacterial or fungal infection, and usually responsive to antibiotics, but in a small proportion of cases infection can overcome the body’s immune system and progress rapidly to critical illness – known as severe sepsis. Sepsis is a time-critical condition that can lead to organ damage, multi-organ failure, septic shock and eventually death. Although most dangerous in those with impaired immune systems, it can be a cause of death in young and otherwise healthy people.
In September 2013, the PHSO published Time to Act Severe Sepsis: rapid diagnosis and treatment saves lives. The report highlighted 10 cases where people with severe sepsis did not receive the urgent treatment they needed and died. The case examples include failings in the care and treatment of people with severe sepsis at home, in hospital emergency departments and in hospital wards.
The UK Sepsis Trust believes that once sepsis is accepted as a medical emergency and as a clinical priority for the NHS, up to 12,500 lives each year could be saved.
Midwifery supervision and regulation: recommendations for change
PHSO published a thematic report on midwifery regulation – Midwifery supervision and regulation: recommendations for change in December 2013. This followed PHSO investigations into complaints from families at Morecambe Bay NHS Foundation Trust. In all three cases, the local midwifery supervision and regulatory arrangements failed to identify poor midwifery practice. While the Ombudsman found no direct evidence of a conflict of interest in these cases, they illuminated a potential muddling of the supervisory and regulatory roles of Supervisors of Midwives (Supervisors). The report concluded that this means there is a risk that midwives fail to learn from mistakes, putting the safety of mothers and babies at risk.
Following the Ombudsman’s report, the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) acknowledged ‘a structural flaw in the framework for midwifery regulation’. The NMC commissioned the King’s Fund to undertake an independent review of midwifery regulation, which aims to report in January 2015. The PHSO has made a written submission to the review.
Image: Parliamentary copyright