Inquiry scope: Forced displacement in Africa
The International Development Committee is launching an inquiry into forced displacement in Africa. According to official figures, there are now 68.5 million forcibly displaced people worldwide, 20 million of which currently reside in Africa. This includes more than 13 million internally displaced people (IDPs), 5.6 million refugees and over 700,000 stateless individuals.
The Committee’s inquiry will have a particular focus on East Africa, which has been a hotbed of forced displacement for many years. The civil war in South Sudan has given rise to substantial refugee flows throughout the region: there are currently 1.1 million South Sudanese refugees in Uganda; over 750,000 in Sudan; and almost 450,000 in Ethiopia. Two decades of conflict in Somalia have also caused substantial refugee flows, with 282,000 Somali refugees currently in Kenya and a further 256,000 in Ethiopia. Host countries have taken different approaches: Kenya has a number of large-scale refugee camps, whereas in Uganda refugees are housed in host communities.
Terms of reference: Forced displacement in Africa