Infrastructure—particularly ‘economic infrastructure’ supporting power, transport, water and communications—is central to efforts to poverty reduction. It boosts economic growth and supports sustainable development. Access to basic infrastructure services remains a challenge: 1.4 billion people do not have access to electricity, and in Africa only one-third of the population has access to an all-weather road.
A large funding gap for infrastructure exists, with Africa alone requiring $93 billion a year to meet its infrastructure needs. However, the continent saw a tenfold increase in funding between 2002 and 2007. Non-traditional donors including China and India provide a growing share of such funding. A significant share of UK aid is spent on infrastructure. This is channelled both though DFID bilateral programmes and allocations to multilateral development banks.
Population growth of up to 2 billion people worldwide by 2050 will further stretch infrastructure capacity, for example placing water and food storage and distribution networks under strain. Urban populations are likely to increase most, intensifying the already urgent challenge of improving infrastructure in slums and megacities. Climate compatible solutions are likely to be key to addressing these challenges. Key issues for the inquiry include:
Key priorities in strengthening infrastructure in developing countries, including:
• Policy frameworks for infrastructure development and regional integration, especially ‘economic’, cross-border, transport (including low-carbon options and road safety) and ‘corridor’ infrastructure; and
• Pro-poor infrastructure, including: urban services; infrastructure that supports employment, agriculture, food and water; disaster-resilient infrastructure.
• Financing for infrastructure, including the role of: development banks; other multilaterals; development finance institutions; climate finance; user fees; subsidies; and bilateral aid;
• The role of the private sector, including public private partnerships; and
• Community participation; and opportunities for low-carbon technologies to benefit poor people.
DFID’s role, including:
• Providing the right approaches in different countries and contexts;
• Ensuring increased transparency and reducing corruption; and
• Staff and expertise.
The deadline for submitting written evidence is Monday 28 February
Written evidence submitted should:
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Submissions can also be sent by post to International Development Committee, House of Commons, 7 Millbank, London, SW1P 3JA.
A guide for written submissions to Select Committees is available.
Please also note that:
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