Mary Creagh MP said:
"Our throwaway society has given us a tide of litter on our beaches, dead seabirds and fish, and plastic in our food. We all enjoy a take away coffee or tea, but the cups they are served in are particularly difficult to recycle because they combine plastic coating and cardboard. Our inquiry will be taking a serious look at solutions like the use of different materials, behaviour change, better recycling and bottle deposit return schemes."
Household recycling rates are flat lining in the UK at around 44%. In 2016, after a public consultation, the Government amended its target for plastic recycling to 57% by the end of 2020 not 2017. The plastic packaging recycling business rates were also amended to 48% by 2020.
Wrap reported that only 32% of the 2.2 million tonnes of plastic used in the UK in 2014 was recycled. Plastic can also enter our oceans, mainly in the form of bags, food and drink containers, and fishing equipment. Researchers fear that by 2050 plastic in the oceans could outweigh fish..
Plastic bottles and coffee cups are particularly problematic. Only around half of the 35 million plastic bottles sold in Britain every day are currently collected for recycling. And every day around 7 million cardboard coffee cups are thrown away, but only 1 in 400 are recycled, leaving over 6.98m going to landfill or ending up in the environment.
To make coffee cups waterproof the card must be fused with polyethylene, a material that cannot be separated out again in standard UK recycling mills. This coating makes both composting and recycling of paper cups uncommon. There are only two sites in the UK that have the capacity to separate the plastic film from the paper, allowing recovery and recycling into new paper products.
Successive Governments have put regulations in place to reduce waste and to increase recycling. Similarly, the industry has been taking voluntary action to try to increase their recycling rates and exploring recyclable alternatives to coffee cups, with the creation of stakeholder groups such as the Paper Cup Recovery and Recycling Group.
Submit written evidence to the inquiry
The inquiry is open and invites submissions on plastic bottles and coffee cups and how the committee can help increase recycling and reduce the amount of disposable packaging ending up in landfill or the environment.
The Committee welcomes submissions on the following points. Respondents are asked to focus their responses on one or both of the types of waste the Committee is examining:
Terms of Reference
- What is the environmental impact of waste from coffee cups and plastic bottles? Are the rates of use, collection levels and recycling levels of these products increasing or decreasing over time?
- What are the challenges of recycling these products? What obstacles have prevented greater progress in increasing recycling rates?
- Are consumers aware of the complexities of recycling these products? How could we increase awareness amongst the public and what impact would this have?
- What actions are being untaken by industry to reduce waste generated by coffee cups and plastic bottles? How effective have these initiatives been? How could the Government better support these initiatives?
- How effective, to date, have Government and local government led initiatives (such as #1MoreShot) been at reducing waste and increasing the recycling of coffee cups and plastic bottles? What progress has been made to develop a viable, recyclable alternative to the polyethylene coated paper cup? What are the pros and cons of the use of such cups?
- What is the likely impact of leaving the EU on UK efforts to reduce coffee cup and plastic bottle waste?
- What initiatives could be utilised to reduce coffee cup and plastic bottle waste or to lessen the impact of this waste? In particular what are the opportunities and risks associated with:
— Incentives to encourage the use of re-usable alternatives for these products.
— Charge, taxes, deposits or levies on the use of these products.
- How can we encourage households, businesses, food and drink outlets, and offices to change behaviours or introduce policies to reduce their coffee cup and plastic bottle waste?
- How are other countries working to reduce coffee cup and plastic bottle waste? What examples of best practice are there that the UK could learn from?
The Committee would grateful to receive written submissions by 5pm, Wednesday 5 April.
Written evidence can be submitted through the disposable packaging: coffee cups and plastic bottles inquiry page.
Image: Public Domain