Workplace compensation legislation

This section of Living Heritage is the result of partnership work between Glamorgan Archives and the Parliamentary Archives. It forms part of the De Montfort project, which took place in 2015 as part of Parliament's wider 2015 Parliament in the Making programme. Glamorgan Archives and the Parliamentary Archives worked together to explore the life of S.O. Davies, focusing on his involvement in workplace compensation legislation.

What is workplace compensation?

Workplace compensation is a mechanism for providing money-based and medical care-based compensation to the victims of injuries sustained in their daily working lives. Workplace compensation legislation places liability on employers for any injuries their employees suffer at work, and ensures that victims of accidents at work are adequately compensated for loss in income or work capacity. Employees in industries like mining and steelworks have historically been particularly affected by injury and industrial diseases due to exposure to potentially dangerous working conditions and environments.

20th century liberal reforms

What problems did the Liberal party start to address in the early 20th century? What legislation was passed, and how did it improve the conditions of working people's lives?

Workmen's Compensation Act, 1923

What did the Workmen's Compensation Act (1923) aim to achieve? How was this act received by unions?

Progress after the 1923 Act

How did attitudes towards workplace compensation change after the 1923 act? What changes did Labour make once in power?

Workmen's Compensation (Supplementary Allowances) Act, 1940

What was the next step in the campaign for workplace compensation? What did the 1940 act achieve?

Workmen's Compensation Act, 1943

What changes did the Workmen's Compensation Act achieve? How did this legislation relate to mining communities?

Welfare and insurance legislation, 1946-1948

What changes to workplace compensation changed in the National Insurance (Industrial Injuries) Act (1946)?

Related information

The De Montfort Project is an outreach project run by the Parliamentary Archives which explores the life and impact of local MPs and Peers on both their local area and at Parliament.