Arthur Neville Chamberlain, (1869 - 1940) served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1937 to 1940, during the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939. During his time in office Chamberlain was involved in the overhaul of legislation of government finance and was influential during the period of rebuilding following WWI.
As Prime Minister, Chamberlain is remembered for his support for the policy of appeasement towards Adolf Hitler over the annexation of Czechoslovakia and the signing Munich Agreement on 29 September 1938. Returning from Munich, Chamberlain delivered his "Peace with Honour - Peace for Our Time" speech. Less than a year after Chamberlain delivered this speech Britain had entered the war following the invasion of Poland by German forces.
Image: © Parliamentary Art Collection, WOA 6771