Read transcripts of debates in both Houses
Produced by Commons Library, Lords Library and Parliamentary Office Science and Technology
Search for Members by name, postcode, constituency and party
Learn about their experience, knowledge and interests
Celebrating people who have made Parliament a positive, inclusive working environment
Four staff networks for people to discuss and consider issues.
Contact your MP or a Member of the House of Lords about an issue that matters to you
Sign up for the Your Parliament newsletter to find out how you can get involved
Explore the Houses of Parliament on this virtual tour
Sign up to our newsletter for regular updates about visiting
Book a school visit, classroom workshop or teacher-training session
Access videos, worksheets, lesson plans and games
The 1951 General Election saw Churchill as the victorious leader of the Conservative Party for the first time, at nearly 77 years of age. In this period, apart from domestic politics, Churchill focused his attentions on the significance of the atomic weapons arms race for East-West relations. Under his chairmanship of the Defence Committee he decided in June 1954 to recommend that Britain must build its own hydrogen bomb. By this time Churchill’s participation and presence within Parliament was restricted by continuing ill health. In his last major speech to the House of Commons in March 1955 he spoke pragmatically about the threat of nuclear holocaust but ended with a note of optimism: 'we shall by a process of sublime irony have reached a stage in this story where safety will be the sturdy child of terror, and survival the twin brother of annihilation'. The following month Churchill tendered his resignation as Prime Minister. The Queen offered him a dukedom which he declined, and he remained an MP until 1964.
Find out more about the Parliamentary Archives