Police, prisons and penal reform
The police and prison services are an integral part of Britain's criminal justice system.
Until the early 19th century organised policing and the provision of prisons was an entirely local matter, but beginning in the 1820s, and during the Victorian period, a series of parliamentary measures brought the local police forces and prisons under the supervision of the Home Office.
These measures were essential in ensuring the uniform and effective development of the police and prison services
Follow the Norwich history detectives as they research imprisoned debtors and prisons in eighteenth and nineteenth century Norwich.
Follow the major pieces of legislation which have placed police and prisons on a national footing
Overcrowding in prisons continues to occupy the attention of Parliament in the early 21st century
There is much more to discover about Parliament's role in the history of Britain's police and prisons. View a list of resources for more in-depth research