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The State Opening of Parliament 

The UK general election took place on Thursday 4 July 2024. The new Parliament met on Tuesday 9 July 2024 for the election of the Speaker and swearing-in of MPs and Lords. The State Opening of Parliament and The King’s Speech will take place on Wednesday 17 July 2024.

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The monarchy was restored, Charles II came to the throne and the Lords were summoned to Parliament again.

The Cavalier Parliament first met and sat until January 1679: The bishops sat again in the Lords and the Act of Uniformity enforced conformity to the English Church.

Charles II agreed in the secret treaty of Dover to convert to Catholicism in exchange for French subsidies.

Parliament passed a Test Act to prevent Catholics from holding office, by which the successor to the throne, James, Duke of York, had to resign.

Four peers were imprisoned by the House of Lords for claiming that Parliament was automatically dissolved because it had not met for over a year.

Parliament passed a Test Act to prevent Catholics from sitting in Parliament.

The first Exclusion Parliament met: the Commons drafted a Bill to exclude the Duke of York from the succession.

The second Exclusion Parliament met: the Exclusion Bill was defeated in the Lords.

The third Exclusion Parliament met at Oxford for only a week, the last time Parliament met outside Westminster.

The "Tory reaction", saw purges, prosecutions, and executions of prominent Exclusionists, or Whigs, as they were now called.

Charles II died in February and James II's Parliament first met in May, but after November was continuously prorogued until it was dissolved in July 1687.

Godden v Hales allowed James II to dispense individuals from Test Acts. The bishop of London was suspended from his office for not taking action against an anti-Catholic preacher.

James II issued his Declaration of Indulgence for Nonconformists and sent agents to find potential MPs who would vote for repeal of the Test Acts.

June 1688
The "Seven Bishops" prosecuted by James II for refusing to announce the Declaration of Indulgence in their churches were acquitted. The "Immortal Seven" sent their invitation to William of Orange to invade England after the birth of James II's son.

Nov.-Dec. 1688
The "Glorious Revolution" - William of Orange invaded England and James II fled to France. A Convention was summoned to decide the political settlement.

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You can access biographies of

Charles II
James II
William III (Prince of Orange)

from the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography for free, online, using your local library card number (includes nine out of ten public libraries in the UK) or from within academic library and other subscribing networks.