1701 Act of Settlement

1701 Act of Settlement
  • Title: An Act for the further Limitation of the Crown, and better securing the Rights and Liberties of the Subject ["Act of Settlement"].

  • Date : 1701

  • Catalogue number : Parliamentary Archives, HL/PO/PU/1/1700/13W3n2

  • Description :

    The Act of Settlement was passed in 1701, reinforcing the Bill of Rights agreed by William and Mary in 1689.  The main aim of this legislation was to ensure a Protestant succession to the English throne.  In 1707, as a result of the Act of Union, this Act was extended to Scotland. 

    As a result of the Act of Settlement, George I, whose mother Sophia, Electress of Hanover, would have succeeded Queen Anne had she not died only a few weeks before her, inherited the throne, despite there being over 50 Catholic claimants.  Other clauses within the Act included a declaration that judges could only be removed by Parliament.

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